Gilliandr's Blog

Random Historical, Social and Cultural Moments



A historian and traveller.

St Andrew’s Day, London, England, 1888

Whistable Times and Herne Bay Herald, 8 Dec 1888, page 7


St Andrew’s Day

Friday being St Andrew’s Day, the Patron Saint of Scotland, the band of the Scots Guards played a choice selection of Scotch airs under the portico of the courtyard at St James Palace in the morning during the ceremony of mounting and changing the Queen’s Guard.  The sergeants of the 1st Battalion of the regiment gave a dance at Wellington Barracks in the evening, and the annual dinners of the various London Scottish societies in the metropolis took place at night; while Mr Ritchie, MP, presided at the annual festival of the Scottish Corporation at the Hotel Metropole, and the usual Scottish National concerts were held at the Albert Hall and other places.


St Andrew’s Day, Montreal, 1880

Montreal Gazette, 1 December 1880, page 5

St Andrew’s Day

The Celebration Yesterday

The Annual Meeting – The Sermon in Crescent Street Church

Our Scottish citizens are celebrated for the fervour with which they celebrate their national anniversaries, and the recurrence of any of the days in which the children of the land of “brown heath and shaggy wood” take delight is ever looked forward to with interest in Montreal.  They are always pleasant occasions, and happily they are frequent. It is only a short time ago since we were called upon to record the festival of Halloween, and to-day the pre-eminently national festival of St Andrew, the patron saint of the land of “mountain and the flood” invites attention. The mode in which it was observed was characteristic; business in the morning, Divine service in the afternoon, and pleasure in the evening. Nor was the Scottish emblem wanting on the occasion, for the purple heather was to be frequently seen on the dress of the Scotch people, who are distinguished perhaps above all others by an abiding love for their fatherland.

The annual meetings- Caledonian Society – Special meeting

The annual meeting of the Caledonian Society was held in the lecture room of Crescent Street Church, at 2 o’clock. The President, Mr Thos Robins, occupied the chair.

After routine business, it was moved by Mr Wm Angus, seconded by Mr James Wright, and unanimously resolved, “That the sum of $100 be donated to the charitable fund of the St Andrew’s Society.”

It was then resolved on motion of Mr P Fulton, seconded by Mr J Wright, “That the President, Mr Thos Robins and the secretary, Mr J Hood, be a deputation to present the amount at the St Andrew’s Society meeting.

St Andrew’s Society

The annual meeting of the St Andrew’s Society was held immediately after that of the Caledonian Society, for the installation of its officers elected at the meeting on the 4th November.

The Committee of Condolence, in reference to the death of members of the Society reported.

In reference to a sum of £34 13s 6d Canadian currency, handed to the Society some twenty-five years ago, on the death of a Scotchman named Gilchrist, it was reported that the amount, with interest, in all, $334.62 has been made over to the heirs of the deceased, who have attained their majority.

The deputation from the Caledonian Society to acquaint the meeting with the resolution of that Society, voting the amount of $100 to the charitable fund of the St Andrew’s Society, were received, and a vote of thanks passed to the Caledonian Society.

At the conclusion of some routine business, the meeting was adjourned, and the members of the two societies attended the service in Crescent street Presbyterian Church.

The Annual Sermon

In the afternoon the Rev AB MacKay preached the annual sermon to the members and friends of St Andrew’s Society in Crescent Street Presbyterian Church, taking as the basis of his address the character of the Apostle Andrew as set forth in the 1st and 6th chapters of St John’s Gospel.  The preacher said that it was sometimes rather difficult to find a suitable subject for a special occasion, but their subject stared them in the face that afternoon; what could he more appropriate at a meeting of St Andrew’s Society on St Andrew’s day that to direct their attention to the character of St Andrew, or, as all the children of God are saints, we will say simply “Andrew”.  There are, he proceeded, a great many traditions about Andrew.  He is the patron saint of Russia as well as Scotland. But these are mere cobwebs of the dark ages, and we will go back to the fountain head and see what the bible says about Andrew, and seek to imitate him.  There are few characters more worthy of imitation.  The first characteristic we notice in him is that he put himself in the way of getting good. There was a great movement in connection with the preaching of John the Baptist; and amongst those who went to hear the rough preacher was Andrew; who, however, was not like the fickle crowd, but became one of John’s disciples, and stuck to him through thick and thin.  The Scotch people as a whole imitate St Andrew in this.  They are pre-eminently a religious people, a church going and Sabbath keeping people. Yes, like Andrew, Scotchmen are noted all the world over, for their pertinacity, clinging to the faith which they have inherited from their forefathers; but they do not all at all times put themselves in the way of getting food. Some attend church only once on a Sunday, and this as a mere matter of form.  But Andrew did more than put himself in the way of getting good; he did something better than follow John, who was only “a voice crying in the wilderness,” a finger post pointing to the lamb of God.  As John cried, “behold the Lamb of God,” Andrew left John and followed Jesus. We should imitate Andrew in this also.  A great company of Scotchmen follow Andrew when he merely puts himself in the way of getting good, but that company becomes much smaller when Andrew follows the Lord Jesus Christ and takes Him for his Saviour.  Scotchmen are great seekers. Here they are in Canada; they are in India, and all over the world, doing the world’s rough work, and sometimes governing the world, seeking glory and happiness.  Andrew teaches us to seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness when all other things will be added to us. Jesus had had his eye upon Andrew, and when he saw him following Him, He said : “What seek ye?” Andrew answered, “Master, where dwellest though?” when Jesus gave the wonderful invitation, “come and see me,” an invitation to the fisherman Andrew from the Son of the Highest to dwell with Him,, and to get solution of the difficulties that beset his soul. Jesus receives ever true seeker in like manner today.  We have heard of the philosopher who jumped out if his bath and ran through the streets, crying “Eureka, Eureka, I have found it” but how much more blessed are those who, like Andrew can say “We have found the Messiah.” Then Andrew confessed the truth.  Having found the Messiah, he could not hold his tongue, but overcame his natural reticence, and went and told others, and was the honored instrument of bringing his brother, Simon Peter, to Christ.  A glib-like chatter about the highest things is very offensive, and should be reproved.  There is too much lip-religion in the world, not there should be nevertheless, a fearless acknowledgement of God, for it is written: “If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shall be saved.”

The Rev gentleman referred in proud terms to men like Rutherford, Knox, Chalmers, Livingstone and Duff, who had rendered Scotland famous throughout the world. He alluded in eloquent terms to Scotland’s many glories and precious memories, and concluded by expressing the hope that all the families represented in that Church would meet in unbroken ranks around the throne of God.

The Ball.

The annual ball was held at the Windsor Hotel and proved what everyone anticipated it would be a grand success and from the hour of 10 o’clock when most of the guests had arrived the noble dining room which has been the scene of so many gatherings of a similar character presented a very striking appearance.  The tout ensemble as the visitors entered the room was as may easily be imagined an extremely brilliant one, and though there have been larger gatherings, especially those graced by royal or vice-regal presence, it is a question whether any have excelled that of last night in beauty.  The fact that amongst those present there were a number of officers of the 5th Royal Scots in full highland uniform, in addition to those of other battalions, lent to the scene that peculiarly attractive character which their bright and picturesque dress never fails to impart.

Shortly after 9 o’clock a procession was formed, the president of the Society and invited guests, preceded by the stalwart pipers of the 5th Royal Scots, in full uniform, at its head, and entered the ball-room, and a few moments after the following programme was commenced, Gruenwald’s excellent orchestra furnishing the music: –


  1. Strathspey …”Miss Drummond ofPerth.”

Reel……………”Cameron’s Got his Wife again.”

  1. Quadrille………..”Bonnie Dundee”
  2. Waltz……….”Tres Jolie”
  3. Galop……… “Flamina”
  4. Lancers….”Lord of Lorne”
  5. Polka…..”Marietta”
  6. Cotillon….”the Campbells are Coming”
  7. Waltz….”Chantilly”
  8. Strathspey …….”Marquis of Huntly”

Reel “The Devil amang the Tailors”

  1. Quadrille…… ‘Edinburgh”
  2. Galop ….”Raquet”
  3. Waltz….”Brune ou Blonde?”
  4. Lancers….”Little Duke”
  5. Polka….”Gisela”
  6. Cotillon “March of the Cameron Men”
  7. Waltz … “A Toi!”
  8. Quadrille…..”Chilperic”
  9. Strathspey….”Lady Mary McKay”

Reel ….”Duchess of Roxburgh”

  1. Waltz….”Fleurs de St Petersburg”
  2. Lancers,…. « Minnet »
  3. Waltz….. « Le Retour des Hirondelles »
  4. Galop…. « Carambolage »
  5. Waltz….. »Les Sirenes »
  6. Sir Roger de Coverley

The guests present numbered probably one hundred and fifty, and the gathering partook much of that family nature, the more welcome because so rare on occasions of the sort. Every one knew every one else, and there were but few of those sets and cliques which occasionally mar the true enjoyment of a public ball. Another feature of the ball was the presence of a number of debutantes in society of whom we may justly say that they will fairly uphold the reputation of Montreal belles for beauty and grace.  Concerning the dresser while there were none particularly striking, it may be said that as a whole there was much display of taste, and a number of costumes were of a most elegant nature. The fact that a spectator fails to remember the details of a costume which had taken his fancy, has often been cited as proof that the fair wearer was well dressed, inasmuch as the effect, as a whole, was pleasing to the eye without their being anything of a marked nature.  So of an assemblage of the fair sex it may be said, with equal justice, that where the eye failed to remark any particularly noteworthy dresses, the presumption naturally is, that all were well dressed.  And of the ladies present last night, we many say truly that their costumes as a whole were thoroughly elegant and tasteful; and as we have already remarked, the scene, in which their rich costumes blended with the military uniforms, both contrasting with the somber black of the civilian, was a very brilliant one. Nor was its brilliancy confined to the ball-room itself the corridors and salons each contributing their quota, and the richly furnished rooms peopled for the nonce with loungers resting from the pleasurable fatigues of the stirring Scottish music, or the ravishing melodies of waltz floated through the hall, with dowagers and chaperons, and last with the inevitable wall flowers who don’t dance, afforded throughout the evening, or rather the night, a vista the charm of which it would be difficult to surpass.  From the opening of the programme until the hour for supper was announced, every dance was indulged in with zest, those of a national character, the reels, strathspeys and the cotillions, calling forth any amount of energy.  Soon after midnight the President and pipers led the way to the supper room, where was laid out a sumptuous banquet in that recherché style for which the Windsor is so well know. Amongst the viands, it is needless to say that the time-honored haggis had a prominent place, and roused the usual enthusiasm.  Though there were no set toasts, one was proposed, which was in every way appropriate, that of the new President of the St Andrew’s Society, Mr James Stewart, a sentiment which Mr. Rawlings, President of the St George’s Society, gave in most fitting terms, and to which Mr Stewart responded very happily, calling forth much applause.  After supper, during which the usual “extras” found many a participant who preferred dancing to the more prosaic indulgences of the board, the programme was resumed and kept up until what may so fittingly be called in the present instance the “wee sma’ hours.”

The Invited guests included the presidents of the various national societies, and amongst those in the room, who wore the badge of office, we noticed Messrs Edward Rawlings, President St George’s Society; Thomas Robin, President Caledonian Society; Hon TJJ Loranger, President St Jean Baptiste Society; FB McNamee, President St Patrick’s Society; Wm Wilson, President St Patrick’s National society; John H Mooney, President Irish Protestant Benevolent Society; WC Munderlob, President German Society; and W J Ingram, representing the St Andrew’s Society of New York.  His Worship Mayor Rivard was also invited. The Corporation was represented by Alds Gilman, Hagar and others.

To refer again to the ladies’ costumes it is not our purpose to enter into any detailed descriptions. There seemed so decided a preference on the part of the great majority of ladies that their names should not appear in print.  We may perhaps, however, be pardoned for mentioning one or two which specially arrested our glance, as beckoning more than ordinary elegance. Amongst these the heliotropes velvet Princess robe, trimmed with satin of a similar shade, and rich Valenciennes lace, worn by Mrs Alderman Mooney, was particularly handsome. Mrs JR Hutchins’ costume of deep maroon silk, with trimming of acre silk and lace was a favourite [illegible] coming. Miss L Bethune wor a charming dress of similar shade, and Miss Geraldine Bethune appeared in white as did also Miss C Abbott.  But were we to continue, it would be difficult to know where to stop, and so reluctantly when we recall the beauties of many a ravishing toilette, but advisedly perhaps, when we consider our inability to do them justice, we leave the subject and the ball concerning which we have only to repeat once more, that the St Andrew’s Ball of 1880 was a great success.

Owing to the fact that there was no correct list of those present obtainable, we are unable to give the names of those who attended.




Acadian identity, 1872

Courrier de Canada, 22 Avril 1872, page 3

Le Moniteur Acadien

Voila une publication qui rend a la canadienne française dans les provinces maritimes les plus grands services.  Née a l’événement de la Confédération des provinces britanniques du Nord en 1867, elle a déjà passe glorieux de courageuses luttes pour les intérêts des populations acadiennes, qu’elle n’a cesse de défendre contre les agressions injustes des ennemis de notre race.

Le « Moniteur Acadien » a exerça dans ses quatre années d’existence une influence bienfaisante et salutaire parmi ce peuple martyr que plus d’un siècle de dispersion et de persécution n’a pu anéantir qu’il a été pour nos frères des provinces maritimes comme un drapeau de ralliement sou lesquels tentes les branches de al grand famille acadienne sont venues se ranger pour combattre pour la grande canse nationale; il a été le porte-voix des plaintes, hélas! Trop bien tondee de cette poignée de braves contre le mauvais traitements de la dominations étrangère; il a été le signal d’un salutaire réveil politique au sein des ramifications Acadiennes dispersées ca en la sur les cotes du golfe, et aujourd’hui grâce en grand mesure a cet organe de l’opinion publique, nous avons la satisfaction de voir, au Nouveau Brunswick, a la Nouvelle-Ecosse et dans l’Ile Prince-Édouard, les descendants des premiers colons de l’Acadie abandonner l’insouciance on les avaient plonges les difficultés inouïes de leur existence parmi des races étrangères et souvent ennemies dans lesquelles ils sont si étroitement concernes.

En effet la Législature du Nouveau Brunswick ne contient pas moins de quatre acadiens français; députés par les comtes de Westmoreland, Victoria, Gloucester et Kent; le comte de Prince en envoie deux a l’assemblée de l’Ile au Prince Edouard; et dans la Nouvelle-Ecosse, Digby et le Cap Breton élisent, sinon les français du moins des hommes sympa thétiques aux Acadiens.

Aux Communes fédérales MA Renaud représente le comte de Kent.  Et nous devons dire ici que les Acadiens doivent se félicitera du choix de ce dernier pour les représenter aux Communes Canadiennes; leurs intérêts se sauraient a coup sur être mieux a avis.

Tont dernièrement encore le « Moniteur Acadien » a montre sa grand utilité d’une manière éclatante dans la question de l’Éducation qui agite le Nouveau-Brunswick depuis plus d’un an. Unissant sa voix a celle des Évêques et du clergé, le « Moniteur » proteste au nom du droit et de la justice contre l’usurpation indigne et impolitique commise au détriment de ses coreligionnaires par le gouvernement local, et ses efforts ont si bien tourne que les députés de deux comtes Acadiens, on du, pour échapper a l’indignation et an mépris publics, renoncer a appuyer ce gouvernement, qui les avait jusqu’alors comptes au nombre de ses amis.

La mission du « Moniteur Acadien » est belle, noble et grande; puisse-t-il s’en acquitter a l’avenir comme par le passe.

Pour nous, canadiens nous ne pouvons rester indifférents aux progrès qui s’accomplissent chez nos frères de l’Acadie et nous suivons avec le plus profond intérêt l’amélioration qui s’opère dans leur existence nationale.

Issue d’une commune patrie, frères par le sang, la langue et la religion, les Canadiens et les Acadiens doivent s’aider mutuellement et les uns se réjouir de l’avancement des autres. Réunis sous un même gouvernement par l’union de 1867, que les Canadiens ont plus que tous les autres contribue a faire consommer, nous devons leur tendre une main secourable chaque fois qu’ils auront besoin de nous.

Aussi les injustices faites au Acadiens dans la question des Écoles leur ont-elles acquis nos plus vives sympathies.  Nous sommes avec eux de cœur et nous les applaudirons dans leurs efforts pour obtenir le redressement de leurs griefs, nous les aiderons dans la mesure de notre position.

[Communique au « Courrier de St Hyacinthe »]


Hail to the Chief- Sir John A Macdonald, Montreal 1877

Montreal Daily Star, 5 July 1877, page 3



Hail to the Chief


Torchlight Procession3ds5jul1877

On Saturday Evening, July 7th

To Welcome

Sir John A Macdonald

To Montreal


Members of the Liberal-Conservative Party who desire to take part in the procession will assemble at the following places at

Seven o’clock in the evening:

Eastern Division

Papineau Square and St James Market

Centre Division

Railway Crossing, Point St Charles, and corner McCord and Wellington Streets

Western Division

Corner St Lawrence Main and St Catherine Streets

From these points the Procession will march to Albert Street and there amalgamate and meet Sir John A Macdonald.

Route of Procession

From Chaboillez square along St Joseph to Colborne; along Wellington to McGill; along St James to St Lambert Hill; along Craig to St Denis; up St Denis to St Catherine and along St Catherine to Dominion Square, where an Address will be presented to Sir John and speeches delivered by the leaders of the Party.

P Kennedy

G Boivin

Grand Marshals.


12th of July, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Daily Star, 12 July 1877, page 2

The Twelfth – Last Words

This is the Twelfth of July, the recognized anniversary of the Orangemen.  They intend commemorating it in a quiet, unobtrusive manner, by going to church and hearing a sermon.  They have made every concession asked of them by the public, and will display no insignia whatever.  They will offend, directly or indirectly, the prejudices of none and we therefore warn whoever may, in  spite of all that is done, be criminal enough to attack them, that the consequences will not be light.  We warn all persons disposed to violence, to beware of breaking the peace.


Montreal Daily Star, 13 July 1877, page 2


The Events of Yesterday

Upon the calmest consideration of the events of yesterday, and in view of the enormity of the disgrace cast  upon the fair name of Montreal, it is hard indeed, to coolly review the shameful disorders perpetuated under the very eye of authority, we cannot too strongly condemn the inaction which was observed from the first, by those in whose hands was reposed the care of the public safety.  Ample warning was given of the probabilities of the day, but no preparatory action, calculated to keep the streets clear and obviate the chances of a collision, were taken.  The Police force, as a fact was held back until after murder had been committed, and the mob held possession of the streets, and even then, when representative citizens waited upon the Mayor, and asked him if he had made any further arrangements for preserving the peace of the city, they were told “We are doing all we can to have good order preserved by the duly appointed civic force, the Police,” and when the Chief of Police, an officer whose hands appear to have been tied all day, stated positively that he needed military force to assist his limited organization, he was told by the Mayor that he was not inclined to call out the military. The deputation was treated cavalierly, the Police Superintendent snubbed, and all that was done was to send out a detective to see if the crowd were still in the streets.

The Mayor could not pretend that the elements of disorder had not been apparent from an early hour in the day.  It was made plain that the gangs of roughs who congregated in the streets were bent upon mischief, and waited only the first pretence of a cause to commence trouble; and upon the slightest demonstration of a color, not borne by Orangemen, but by unprotected women, they broke out, and the result was the murder of poor Hackett, and the thrashing of Mr Henshaw within an inch of his life. No precautions appear to have been taken to avoid a collision such as there was reason to expect, even with the Orangemen giving up their intention of walking; on the contrary, every latitude was given the disorderly, and despite the volume of force actually at hand to repress disturbance, it may be said that the mob was wantonly allowed to take possession of the city and work its nefarious will unopposed.  The citizens of Montreal will not, we are sure, allow such trifling with an immense responsibility to pass unregarded, but will call to a proper account whoever is chargeable with the prolongation of a period of disorder.

The Orangemen fulfilled their obligations to the letter.  They refrained from any act which might be construed into a demonstration.  They attended divine service, but not in procession as a body, and when it was over they withdrew in the same way.  Their path to and from the church was surrounded by roughs hungrily watching an opportunity of strife; while in the church hostile crowds were around the edifice, but the Orangemen offered offence by word, look, gesture or deed to none, and they must be held blameless.  The conduct of those who sought occasion of molesting them and devoted a day and a night finding it carries its own condemnation.  Henceforward, if party processions are to be longer tolerated, it will not be for good citizens to turn Orangemen from their design of parading, but to assist them, and teach those who seek to oppose them the sternest of lessons.

The mob held the streets yesterday, must never be permitted to repeat the outrage, be the cost what it may.

Announcing the publishing of the Trip Diary of Elizabeth Strickland Leitch, c 1908


In 1908 Elizabeth Strickland Leitch, wife of Judge James Leitch, kept a diary of some travel she took that year.  Her first trip was to the American south starting in Washington, DC and moving down to Florida.  Her next trip was to New Brunswick for a small coastal vacation, and on her return she went to Montreal to visit family.  Her last trip in this diary was to a summer hot spot in Prince Edward Island.

During these trips she made comments on the places and the people she met, all the while talking about her family – children and others, whom she kept in touch with almost daily while she was away.  The diaries are interesting commentaries, providing a look at how a prosperous older Canadian couple moved about,  what society they kept, their personal lives, and their feelings towards each other and their family.

I want to thank my cousin Deidre Bower for her giving me access to this precious  diary in 2008, and allowing me to transcribe it at that time.  I also want to thank her for her permission to publish the transcription on my blog page.  The link you will find above.  I wanted to share this diary with family and interested historians.  It is an interesting work, and deserves some consideration in relation to Canadian history of the early 20C.  Elizabeth Strickland Leitch was a woman of her time, and a part of a social network of politically connected conservatives in Ontario.  Her husband was a friend of Ontario Premier James Whitney, and had been appointed to the Ontario Railways Board two years before this diary was written.

I have annotated the diary through endnotes in order that those reading the document can understand some of her references to friends and family members.   This includes my great-grandparents Minnie and Will [which for me makes them feel much more real than their formal names Mary Jane and William) and my grandfather Hugh, whom I never met.  I hope that these prove useful to those reading the material.

page 46-7






Wedding of Violet Paulin and George Lapraik, Victoria, 1902

Victoria Times, 18 February 1902, page 5


A very pretty wedding took place in Christ Church cathedral last evening, when Rev Canon Beanlands united in marriage George Stephensonn Lapraik, chief officer of the NYK liner Kinshiu Maru, and Miss Violet Pauline, daughter of Mr and Mrs Pauline, of Oak Bay.  The bride, who was dressed in a neat going-away dress, was supported by her sister Miss Nellie Pauline, and Duncan Grieve, of the Esquimalt graving dock, supported the groom.  Master William Pauline acted as page.  Geo Pauline, the organist, and brother of the bride, played the Wedding march.  After the marriage ceremony a reception was held at the residence of Mr and Mrs Gardner, Parkington Street, where the happy couple received the hearty congratulations of their friends.  The honeymoon will be spent in the Sound cities.

Victory Parade and Canada’s Spotlight Band, WWII

Coke World 2017 (20)

Saw this poster on display at the World of Coke in Atlanta, Georgia.  Had to grab a photo of it.  Will research it and come back later for more information!!!!

Orange Celebration, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Daily Star, 5 July 1877, page 2

The Orange Celebration

A deputation of Orangemen waiting upon then mayor yesterday for the purpose of making affidavits respecting certain parties, whom they said threatened violence.  His Worship directed the deputation to the Police Magistrate.  A formal request for protection on the 12th inst during “a peaceable religious ceremony” has been made.  The Mayor replied that, as the Orange body is not legally constituted, the members can only be accorded the same protection “that every citizen is individually entitled to under ordinary circumstances.” His Worship expresses the hope that the celebration will be held wholly indoors.

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