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New Project: CFP- The Romance of Science Fiction/Fantasy


CALL FOR PAPERS:  The Romance of Science Fiction / Fantasy

Deadline: September 30, 2016


Whether we consider romance novels incorporating elements of the fantastic, the future, or the alien, or works of Science Fiction/Fantasy exploring love, desire, and other aspects of romantic culture, the relationship between these genres has been enduring and productive. Following up on a series of joint panels at the 2016 national conference of the Popular Culture Association, the Journal of Popular Romance Studies calls for papers for a special issue on the intersections between romance and science fiction/fantasy in fiction (including fan fic), film, TV, and other media, now and in the past, from anywhere in the world.  This special issue will be guest edited by Gillian I. Leitch, PCA co-chair for SF/Fantasy, and Erin Young.


Contributions might consider questions like the following, either in terms of particular texts (novels, films, TV shows, etc.) or in terms of genre, audience, and media history:


  • How has the intersection of these two popular genres opened up new possibilities in conceptualizing gender, desire, sexuality, love, courtship, or relationship structure, not just recently, but since the earliest years of SF/Fantasy?
  • How has their intersection allowed us to see existing concepts of gender, desire, sexuality, love, courtship, and relationship structure in fresh or critical ways?
  • How have authors, filmmakers, producers, and fans played these genres against one another, for example by using romance to critique traditions in SF/F, or SF/F to critique the tropes of romance? How has this counterpoint been explored by authors, filmmakers, producers, and fans of color, or by LBGTQIA creators and audiences?
  • How might reading classics of SF/F as romance change our perception of them: works like Dune and the Witch World novels, The Left Hand of Darkness, or even E.E. “Doc” Smith’s Lensman series, which are threaded on a tale of eugenic love?
  • What happens to works of paranormal, futuristic, or time-travel romance when we read them through the lenses provided by SF/Fantasy Studies?
  • What happens when teaching works of SF/Fantasy and popular romance? How do these genres co-exist or compete in pedagogical experience or classroom practice?
  • How do works of SF/Fantasy and popular romance coexist and interact in library ecosystems? What issues arise in terms of collection development, readers advisory, or community engagement?


Papers of between 5,000 and 10,000 words, including notes and bibliography, should be sent to Erin Young ( To facilitate blind peer review, please remove your name and other identifying information from the manuscript.  Submissions should be Microsoft Word documents, with citations in MLA format.


The Journal of Popular Romance Studies is a double-blind peer reviewed interdisciplinary journal exploring popular romance fiction and the logics, institutions, and social practices of romantic love in global popular culture. JPRS is available without subscription at

Ruminations on Cousin Collecting, or the Consequences of Blogging about Family History, 2016


Last weekend I spoke on the phone with a newly discovered cousin.  It was marvelous – a descendant of Sarah (Sadie) Paulin. I realized that because of my blog I have amassed a rather impressive collection of cousins.  Add to this the network of cousins I was already a part of, and there are a lot of people who are descended from Frederick Paulin and Mary Cutler, who have shared in my research.  Of course since the couple had thirteen children, well, there are a lot of potential people to collect!

In the last few weeks I started doing some background research on society in late nineteenth century Victoria, BC for a paper I am presenting at the Canadian Historical Association on settler identity.  I lot of ideas and facts have been bouncing around my head recently.  I have been contemplating the Paulin family and particularly how they lived in Victoria, and how others saw them. My mind is full of ideas and images, but most importantly with questions about the value of my genealogical research, and my family going forward.

The big question is “Now what?”  A lot of my cousins network is rather one-sided.  We are all related, but I am in the main the common thread.  Awesome for me, true, but not sustainable in the long term, and not really good for the free flow of information, and the sense of belonging for the group.  And then it hit me – a reunion.  Why not create an opportunity for the descendants of Frederick and Mary to meet, trade stories and pictures. The possibility of getting so many of these people together – oh boy.

The logistics are a bit mind boggling: find a window of time, a suitable venue, decide on a slate on activities, and then get the word out.  This could be a lot of work.  And so right now it remains only an idea……

Am I being a bit of a dreamer people?

Does this sound like a good idea at all?

I want to leave this post with one last thought. Wouldn’t it just be awesome to have all of the Paulins/Paulines gathered on the porch of Tod House in the same way the family posed in front of it in the 1890s?



Dictionary of Family Biography – Walter Newall Copeland

Walter Copeland, A-01212, BC Archives

Walter Copeland (4 February 1836 – 2 April 1904) was the son of Joseph Copeland and his wife Janet Newall.  He was the youngest of six children.  The family had immigrated to Cornwall County, Ontario, from Dumfries, Scotland, around 1828-9.  They were farmers.

Little is known about Walter’s early life in Cornwall.  He was literate, and so likely received some kind of formal elementary education in the nearby town of Cornwall or Williamstown, where there were schools.

Walter’s uncle and namesake Walter Newall was a prominent architect in the town of Dumfries.  He also owned a farm at nearby New Abbey.  In the 1851 Canadian census Walter was still living in Cornwall (age 15), in the 1861 Scottish census he is living at New Abbey with his uncle, and his aunt, Nicholas.  In 1871 he is still there, and appears to be the farm foreman.

Walter Newall had died in 1863, at the age of 84, and had left his property to his elderly sister Nicholas.  Walter Copeland was then running the farm for her.  When she died in 1872 she left her estate to her nephew. He appears to have added the middle name Newall at this time.

Walter was now free to live as he pleased, and travel.  He appears to have maintained ownership of his Scottish properties, but immigrated to British Columbia with his brother Archibald (who had continued to live in Cornwall up to this time). British Columbia appears not to have been the end of their journey, as the brothers then went to California.  Gold Rush?  The exact nature of the business is unclear, but it did not end well.

In May 1885 he filed a statement in the BC Supreme Court that he was present at the death of his brother in Cloverdale, Sonoma County, California in April that year.  Walter described both himself and Archibald as farmers from the North Saanich district.  Walter was present at his brother’s death.

There are several shipping logs from the late nineteenth-century which show Walter Copeland going back and forth from Britain.  It is also at this time that Walter begins to use the name Walter Newall Copeland.

In April 1888 Walter, now aged 52, married Jessie Newall Rankin, age 26 in Castle Douglas, Scotland. It is likely that they were somehow related, although it is not clear exactly how.  Jessie’s mother’s name was listed on the marriage certificate as Jessie Newall Copeland.

They had one son, Walter Newall, born in 1890, in Saanich, BC.  A hint of his life in British Columbia appeared in the Cornwall Standard.  Walter was described as the owner of valuable coal mines in the district, and his home as handsome, situated on the branch road to Sidney, with great views.  His wife was described as a keen musician whose services were invaluable to the Methodist Church.

Walter Copeland died in April 1904, in Saanich.  In his obituary he was described as being from Craigend, Kirkcudbrightshire, not Saanich.  He left his wife an estate valued at $80 000, $5 000 of that the land in North Saanich.  His lands in Scotland were sold off at this time.

His wife Jessie lived until 1931, but by 1911 had been declared insane.  Her son Walter began managing her estate in 1914, which by then was only the British Columbia land, where they lived.  At her death the estate was valued at $ 3 500.



Canadian Census, 1851, 1901

Scottish Census 1871

BC Archives – Probate records

BC Archives – Photographs

Shipping Lists

The Standard, Cornwall, Ontario

Daily Time, Daily Colonist, Victoria, BC.

The Marriage of SL Tilley, 1867

Ottawa Citizen, 1 November 1867, page 2

Marriage of the Hon SL Tilley, CB

[From the St John Journal]

St Stephen, Tuesday, PM

Christ Church, St Stephen, was to-day the scene of a ceremony which, owing to the position of the parties specially interested, attracted no little attention.  At 1 o’clock am, the Hon SL Tilley, CB, Minister of Customs was married to Alice, eldest daughter of Z Chipman, Esq.  The parish clergyman being absent, the ceremony was performed by the Rev Henry Dollard, Rector of Mangerville and Burton.  He was assisted by the Rev EW Murray of the Episcopal Church, Calais, Me.

The bride wore a white satin dress, honiton lace veil, white wreath.  The bridesmaids were dressed in white buffed tarletans, with white tulle veils and blue wreaths.  The bridesmaids were Miss Chipman, Miss Stevenson, Miss Gibson of Newport, RI, Miss Annie Chipman, Miss Leila De Wolfe, and Miss Nettie Bolton.  The bride and bridesmains presented a perfect galaxy of loveliness.  The bridegroom was attended by Col Lesier Peters, ADC.  The church was crowded to its utmost capacity.  The ceremony was announced by the ringing of joy bells and the firing of salutes by a firing party of the St Stephen’s Battery of Artillery.  Both St Stephen and Calais were in a high state of excitement.  After the ceremony, a large party partook of breakfast at the residence of the bride’s father. The party included the elite of St Stephen and several ladies and gentlemen from St John and other places. The presents were received by the bride were numerous and most magnificent.  The day was cloudy but fair.  At 2 o’clock the “happy pair” set out in a private conveyance en route for Bangor, thence they will proceed to Ottawa direct. The bride and bridegroom were accompanied by a short distance, after starting, by a number of the bridal party in carriages.  They were followed by the best wishes of the people of St Stephen and neighbourhood, with whom Mr Tilley and his fair young bride are general favourites.

The feelings of the good people of St Stephen will be shared by the people of New Brunswick generally and of the people of the Dominion of Canada.  It was felt that when Sir John A Macdonald had entered matrimonial bonds he had given a very practical proof of his union tendencies, and we cannot say less of Mr Tilley, who had been a widower for several years.

Samuel Leonard Tilley, Notman, McCord I-13477
Alice Tilley, LAC, copyright expired

Dictionary of Family Biography – Sarsfield Ludger Emmett Cuddy

Sarsfield Ludger Emmett Cuddy (26 March 1868 – 28 October 1941) was the son of John Patrick Cuddy and his wife Jane O’Sullivan.  His father was a dry goods merchant and landlord in Montreal’s east end.

Sarsfield was likely educated in a Catholic boarding school like his sisters, who attended Villa Maria.  He first appears in the city directory, age 23, working as a commercial traveller. By 1896, he had entered into a partnership with Alphonse Brodeur.  “Cie Cuddy-Brodeur” was a wholesale china and glassware Import Company which also had two retail locations: 1513 St Catherine’s and 233 St Laurent.

Sarsfield continued to live with his parents well into his adult years.  This choice was not an easy one.  His father was an alcoholic, and made life for him and three other adult siblings who remained at home a difficult one.  In 1895 the family had John Patrick Cuddy declared insane.  A nasty court case ensued, which supported the father’s role in the home. JP Cuddy died in early 1896. Sarsfield continued to live with his mother until about 1906.  At that time Jane O’Sullivan had sold the family home on Berri to the Catholic School Board.

He retired from his china import business around 1917 to pursue what his obituary later called “private interests.”  He was listed in city directories as a “capitalist.”  Sarsfield was successful in his endeavours, and he was able to purchase an elegant townhouse on Sherbrooke Street in Montreal’s Great Square Mile in 1913 (after having lived a few blocks away in the Linton Apartments) at #1669.  The home now forms part of the Chateau Versailles Hotel.

On June 2, 1910 Sarsfield married Estelle McKenna, daughter of William McKenna and Teresa Brennan. Together they had two daughters: Mary Lorraine (known as Lorraine) (1911-1988) and Mary Patricica (1913-4).  Their home on Sherbrooke Street was next door to Narcisse Perodeau whose daughter Yvonne was married to Estelle’s brother.  Her daughter and Lorraine were frequent companions according to the social columns in the city’s papers (both English and French).

According to his obituary, Sarsfiled (known by his family as Saw) was active in charitable work, most notably as governor of St Mary’s Hospital.

Sarsfield died in October 1941, and was buried in the family plot at Cote-des-Neiges Cemetery.  His estate was apparently complicated enough that it was housed in its own office on St James Street for two years after his death.


Daily Star, La Presse, La Patrie, Gazette, Montreal

City directories, Montreal

Registers, Notre Dame Parish, Montreal

Registers, St Patrick’s Church, Montreal

Registers, St Leon’s Westmount

BANQ-M Court Records

Hotel Chateau Versailles: a history, Betty Guernsey, 1979

Montreal’s Sherbrooke Street: the spine of the city, Mackay L Smith, 2006Sarsfield Cuddy

Sale of Home at Blackheath, 1815

Public Ledger & Daily Advertiser, 22 May 1815, page 2. 

Residence- Blackheath by Mr [Illegible] at Garawa’s Coffee-House, Cornhill, on Tuesday, Jun 13, at Twelve. (Unless previously disposed of by Private Contract).

An excellent family house with garden, lawn and shrubbery, most delightfully situate in the Grove, Blackheath, the residence of Thomas Freake, Esq., removing to Bromley.  The house contains spacious drawing and dining rooms; boudoir, tastefully papered, opening onto a conservatory and library, numerous bed chambers, manse hall, and suitable domestic offices.  Held on lease for 26 years, at a low grounds rent.  Tickets for viewing may be had by applying to Mr Ellis, 36 Fenchurch-street.  Printed particulars will be ready for delivery 10 days prior to the sale.

[Residence of my Great-Great-Great Grandfather Thomas Freake….]

Dictionary of Family Biography – Samuel Clements

(Just to note – not Mark Twain – that was Clemens)

Samuel Clements (16 February 1780 – 15 May 1857) was the son of Charles Clements and Mary Duglass.  He was born in Henley-on-Thames, England.

Not much is known about his life, but from documentary evidence it is known that he was a hairdresser, and was based on Bell Street in Henley from 1823.  His business expanded to include “perfumer and fancy toy dealer” in 1830.

Hairdressing in this period meant the maintenance and dressing of wigs.  The fashion for wearing wigs instead of natural hair had been very popular in the eighteenth century, but by the nineteenth century had been declining.  It was still however necessary to weary a wig in court, and for barristers and judges in the daily performance of their work – a uniform of sorts. No doubt this is why his business started to diversify in the 1830s.

Samuel married Ann Mellett the 11th of December 1806 at St Mary of the Virgin in Henley.  Together they had nine children: Sarah (1808), Henry (1809), Samuel (1813), Ann (1814), Catherine (1816), James (1818), Thomas (1819), William (1820) and Alfred (1823).  His son Thomas followed him into the business, continuing it at the same location after his father’s death.  His son-in-law George Paulin (Sarah) also ran a hairdressing business on Bell Street, and likewise expanded his operations to perfumery and stationary. 

Samuel Clements died the 15 May 1857.



Henley-on-Thames City directories

St Mary of the Virgin registers, Henley-on-Thames

Will of Samuel Clements, British National Archives

Post Number 1000, 2016

And so it comes to my first blog milestone my thousandth post!  I was trying to think about some way to commemorate it. Pithy statements, or moving tributes have thus fair failed me.  So, I have decided just to mark the moment with a sincere thank you to everyone who has read my blog.

I have had some lovely feedback, made great connections, and found out more information than I could ever have anticipated, and for that I am eternally grateful.  It continues to astound me the generosity of strangers who comment on my work.

And so the blogging will continue, and I hope that you continue to enjoy my eclectic collection of history, genealogy, science fiction and commentary.  Yippee!


Reford House, 2016

I received a message through my blog asking about the Reford House, but unfortunately the email address provided does not work.  Here is a response to his question….


“My grandmother was lady-in-waiting to Elsie Reford and traveled extensively with her around the time of WW1. My grandfather was also butler to the Meighens (Elsie’s parents) which is presumably how they met for the first time although they were both originally from Scotland.

The Meighen mansion is still standing (although converted into a hideous hotel) so I know where my grandfather worked but I’m a bit confused about the Reford residence. The one picture of it they have at the McCord Museum looks quite different than the one in Alexander Reford’s book about Elsie’s Grand Metis garden as well as aerial photos of it from 1947. So since you’ve seen pictures of the house can you confirm that the McCord Museum picture (I can send it to you if you haven’t seen it) is the original house at 300 Drummond and presumably highly renovated at some point or perhaps the McCord picture is somebody else’s house? Also have you ever seen any pictures of Robert Reford Sr. house on Drummond? On old maps he seems to have owned a gigantic property just south of his son’s place but I’ve never seen a single picture of it anywhere online.”

Thanks to my friend Heather, who works at the McCord Museum, I have a bit of an answer for him. 


I actually was not that familiar with the Refords residences, as I was more interested in other aspects of their life.  However I had a friend at the McCords who is super familiar with their photographic images, and this is what she came up with:

I had a look at our photograph, and at Alexander Reford’s book, and at the Lovell’s and online maps at the BANQ for good measure.  The photograph of the Drummond Street house that he saw on the McCord’s website is of Robert Reford Senior’s residence on Drummond Street (the one that he mentions at the end of his message).


During WWI his grandmother would have worked at the house that we do not have any pictures of, though it is shown on p. 88 in Alexander Reford’s book.  In later days, after the civic addresses had changed (for the umpteenth time in some cases) the address was 3510 Drummond, but when it was first built, it was 300 Drummond.”

REFORD FAMILY residences on Drummond Street, Montreal

P. 86 in Alexander Reford’s The Reford Gardens:
“Elsie and Robert Wilson Reford’s home was located at the top of Drummond Street, the last section of street below the mountain. When it was built in 1900…
Robert Reford’s parents lived down the street in the old Torrance mansion.
Dr. Lewis Reford and his wife, Jean, lived across the street, in a house demolished to make way for McGregor Street. “

“Facing south, the house had large rooms looking out over the city. There were 35 rooms.

The McCord’s photograph is of Alexander Reford, Senior’s house, at 260 Drummond Street located to the south of Robert Wilson Reford’s house at 300 Drummond Street

Inscribed in ink below the original image on the cardboard support:


I hope that helps.



Dictionary of Family Biography – James Thomas Cuddy

James Thomas Cuddy (13 June 1862 – 20 May 1933) was the son of John Patrick cuddy and his wife Jane O’Sullivan.  He was the 5th of 8 children.  John Patrick Cuddy was a merchant and landlord in Montreal.

While it is clear that James received some sort of education, specifics are not known.  All of his sisters attended a private catholic school – Villa Maria, it can be assumed that the four boys received a like foundation.

By 1892 James had moved to St Paul, Minnesota, where he worked as a book keeper.  He returned to Montreal that year to marry Mary Jane Donavon, daughter of Michael Donavon and Mary Gould.  They settled in St Paul, and had two children: John Michael (1 May 1893 – 13 February 1927) and Gerald Paul (29 January 1893 – 2 September 1955).

The family moved at some time to Montreal in 1918, son Gerald married at St Patrick’s Church.  In 1919, James appears in a city directory as an accountant.  The family did not remain in Montreal, however.  In 1927, when their son John Michael, a medical student in Toronto died, the obituary stated that his parents lived in Los Angeles.  They were there in 1930 when the census was taken, and at that time James had no occupation.

James died in Montreal in 1933 and was interred in the family plot at Cote-des-Neiges Cemetery.


US Census, 1900, 1930

Notre Dame Parish registers

Montreal Daily Star

Ontario death index

California death index

Burial records of Notre Dame des Neiges, Montreal

Cuddy monument at Notre Dame des Neiges, Montreal

Montreal city directories


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