Gilliandr's Blog

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Illuminating Montreal’s Port, 1880

[I only wish I had a picture to illustrate this blog post with, because it would have been a heck of a sight!]

Montreal Gazette, 22 September 1880, page 2

Last Night’s Illuminations

Dryden’s hyperbole, that the stars lifted the curtain of the Night to gaze on a scene he was describing, would not, after all, seem so far fetched to one who saw the illumination of the harbour last night. The shipping was decked with parti-colored lights, arranged in wreaths and crowns and figures of every description, and from many of the vessels fireworks were sent off. As far as the eye could reach on either side were myriads of dancing lights of various colors, forming a strong contrast to the dark hulls and the waters grey in the moonlight, while in the background were the huge warehouses and stores whose grimness seemed intensified by comparison with the brightness of the scene in front. A large number of people visited the wharves to view this illumination and at the same time see how effectively the new electric light system performs it work.

Archives Research Hack, 2016

Archives are wonderful places to do research, but they have a lot of rules about what you can and cannot bring inside while you work.  Fair enough, they are protecting their collection.  One of the main issues that archives have is the bringing in of bags – purses, computer bags, briefcases – most archives I have gone into ban them.  What you need you have to carry.

Some archives kindly provide clear or opaque bags where you can stash the essentials, and this is great.  But I am always a bit frustrated by the process of transfer – putting my things in their bag.

So I have come up with a solution which makes my life easier and still gives the archives’ security the ability to see everything I am bringing in and out.

archives hack (2)

The last time I bought sheets for my bed I saved the bag they came in.  It was clear, legal paper sized, and had a zipper so everything stays inside.  I use it to keep my “archives kit,” the essentials that I use in archives that stay in the container all the time.

archives hack (1)

Kleenex, archives gloves, usb key (lego shaped because lego shaped), pencils, retracting eraser, notebook, copy cards, business card (because I am a professional!) post it notes, and camera charger.  I also bring my camera – but that was what I was using to take the picture….

When I get to the archives I also put in my cell phone, wallet and the cord for my computer.  And voila – everything I need for research in a compact, tidy container.



Gregory Consolidation from Tammany New York, Montreal, 1869

Montreal Gazette, 5 August 1869, page 2

Theatre Royal

Thursday 5th August

Positively last three nights of the

Gregory Consolidation from the Tammany, New York

During their stay of six weeks upwards of 300,000 persons witnessed their performances.

Miniature Circus, Dogs, Monkeys, Ponies and Goats, the Gymnasium, the Aerial Acrobats, the Spiral Ascension, Wonderful Comic Pantomimes, the Original Punch and Judy

-also –

Mlle Gertrude in her wonderful Parlour Entertainment of Educated Animals

The Latest New York [illegible]

The Men of the Air

With their astounding summersaults while flying in the air.

On Saturday, Family Matinee, at half past two o’clock.

Private boxes, $1.00; Dress circle 50c; Family circle 37 ½ c’ PI 25c.

Doors open at 7: Performances to comments at 8 ½ precisely.

Seats can be secured, without extra charge, at Prince’s Music Store2gaz5aug1869b

Fashionable wedding – Mary Frothingham and RJ Mowat, Montreal, 1880

Montreal Gazette, 30 October 1880, page 3


Mrs. Robert Moat, nee Mary Louisa Frothingham, Montreal, QC, 1881 Notman & Sandham, II-60228.1, McCord Museum of Canadian History

Fashionable Wedding

A marriage in high life took place yesterday in the Church of the Messiah, and was attended by a very large number of Montreal society.  The happy event was the matrimonial union of Mr RJ Mowat, the well-know broker, and Miss Mary Frothingham, eldest daughter of the late Mr George Frothingham, formerly senior member of the firm of Frothingham & Workman, of this city. The church had been tastefully decorated with flowers for the occasion by the lady friends of the bride. By the hour announced for the ceremony quite a flutter of excitement was noticed in the vicinity.  The bride was to have been given away by her uncle, the Rev Henry Frothingham, who unfortunately was detained by the train being badly delayed.  Mr Henry Archibald acted in his stead. The marriage ceremony was performed by the Rev Dr Cordner, and Mr Maclagan presided at the organ. There were no bridesmaids.  After the hymencal knot had been tied, the bridal party soon after left the church to the sounds of the “Wedding March”.  They were met at the Bonaventure station by numerous friends, who had assembled to wish them adieu.  A young lady presented the bride with a costly bouquet, in an ornamental basket of fine design.  They soon left by the eastern train for Saratoga and New York.  We wish them all happiness.

Frederick Paulin (sr) – his Henley performances in the 1860s

fred paulin

I decided to do a large search through the British newspapers for mentions of the family, specifically their life in Henley-on-Thames.  I was expecting a lot for George Paulin, who was very active in municipal politics, becoming the town’s mayor in 1880, but was hopeful that there was more.  Fortunately I was right.

When the Paulin family moved to Victoria, BC they were really active in local musical theatre, and I wondered where this came from.  I knew that Mary Cutler Paulin’s family was musical, but apparently the Paulins were as well.  Throughout the 1860s Frederick Paulin was active in the amateur theatre in Henley-on-Thames.  I thought that it would be easiest to just put all of the accounts I found together to show what kind of performer he was.  He seemed to have been the most active with the “Henley Elocution Society,” where he frequently was called upon to sing, but he also gave recitations from Shakespeare.


Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 29 February 1868, page 8

Elocution Society – The entertainment which took place at the Town Hall on Monday evening last, was attended by a very large audience, attracted, perhaps more than the usual by an excellent programme, which contained a very humorous collection.  The moral attached to the piece “Friendship” was much appreciated and everything passed off with credit to the amateurs. It is expected the Society will give one more evening, and, if so, a repetition of “Friendship” will be acceptable. The following was the selection: song, “The Mermaid,” Mr Jennings; reading, Act 1 Scene 1, Merchant of Venice, Mr Williams; song “My Pretty Jane,” Mr W Crouch; recitation “The Death of Rufus” Mr Cole; song “O! Poor Old Man” Mr J Hunn.

“Friendship,”  Mr Fox (Managing Clerk at a Banking House) Mr Bye; Messrs Smith, Brown, Jones and Robinson, his friends Messrs C Clements, Handley, Savage and Cole – Song “The Peddlar” Mr F Paulin; reading Act 1 Scene 4, Richard III, Mr Williams; song “Faithless Maria” Mr C Clements; recitation “The Frenchman and the Rats” Mr Handley; song, “I am one of the Olden Time” Mr Jennnings.

Concerted piece – “Cherry Bounce” Mr Clements – Mr Bye; Gregory Homespun (his man) – Mr Cole; Gammon (farmer) Mr J Hunn; Spinage (farmer) Mr Savage; Doctor’s Boy- Master Miller; Old Homespun (Gregory’s father) Mr J Paulin.  National Anthem.

Oxford Journal, 19 March 1864, page 8


Penny Readings – Another of the penny readings took place at St Mary’s Hall, New Street, by kind permission of the Bishop Coadjutor of Edinburgh, on Monday evening last, JS Burn Esq in the chair.  The following was the programme – “The Retreat from Moscow” (Alison) Rev Dr Godby; “the enchanted net” (an adaptation from the German) Rev J Hodges; song “The Bashful young gentleman” (Glover) Mr F Paulin; “Hamlet” Act 1st Scene 2nd (Shakespeare) Mr EM Williams; “The Diverting History of John Gilpin (Cowper) Mr Robinson; “A Reading” Rev J Hodges; song “The Pilot” (Nelson), Mr Partridge; “Selections from Southey” Rev Dr Godby.  The songs were accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr A Towsey.  At the conclusion Mr F Paulin gave a second song, there having been a loud call for an encore of his first, which was not yielded; the latter was also received with much applause.  The popularity of these readings is evinced by the increased numbers of the audience; the Society’s room in Bell Street soon became too small and now the large building, St Mary’s Hall, is found insufficient to accommodate all.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 12 November 1864, page 8


Henley Reading, Chess and Music Society – This society gave another agreeable evening’s entertainment, called Penny Reading, on Wednesday evening last at St Mary’s Hall, New Street.  The programme as follows, was sustained very creditably by “The Northern Farmer” (Tennyson) Mr Lister; “The Dream of Eugene Aram” (Hood) Mr Rawlins; Song “The Anchor’s Weighted} (Braham) Mr Walter Crouch; Song “Smuggles and Poachers” (Crabbe) Mr John Cooper; Song “Kitty Tyrrell” (CW Glover) Mr Frederick Paulin; “Odes on the Deaths of the Prince Consort and the Duke of Wellington” (Tennyson) Mr Lister; “The Highland Boy” (Wordsworth) Mr Rawlins.  The songs were accompanied by Mr A Twosey who performed on the pianoforte.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 3 February 1866, page 7

Elocution Society – The continued increasing attractiveness of this Society’s entertainments could not be more forcibly exemplified that it was on Monday evening last.  The chair was kindly and ably filled on the occasion by Mr W Plumbe.  The concerted piece was admirably gone through, and elicited constant and genuine outbursts of laughter; the song with instrumental quartett [sic] accompaniment was loudly encored and repeated. The other items in the programme were exceedingly well rendered.  Programme: Reading, a sketch from “Artemus Ward’s Travels in America” Mr EM Williams; recitation, “Ginevra” (Rogers) Mr Bye; quartett[sic] “Isle of Beauty” (Harmonised by WH Birch) – Masters Sparks and Cooper, Messrs Paulin and Simmonds; reading, “A Politic(al) Flight of Lord John Russell” with Punch – Mr Tagg; song “Better late than never” (Geogbegan) – Mr C Clements; recitation “The Better Land” (Mrs Hemans) Master Sparks; song “Never mind the rest” (H Fase) Mr F Paulin; recitation “The Red King’s Warning” (TW) Mr Hunn; reading “Elegy Written in a Churchyard” (Gray) – Mr EM Williams; song “The Charge of the Light Brigade” (instrumental quartett[sic] accompaniment) Mr F Paulin; recitation “The Common Path” (JE Carpenter) Mr C Clements; glee, “The Chough and Crow” (Sir H Bishop) – full chorus; concerted piece “A Martyr to Science, or Wanted, a Confederate” – Tweezer (a retired chiropodist), Mr Bye; Dick (his son), Mr Simmonds; Humphrey Davy Tattleton (MHES and MSIMPB, Peripatic Lecturer on Magnetico-Photographico-Biology), Mr Hunn; Drudgely (a lawyer) Mr F Paulin.  National Anthem.  The songs were accompanied by Mrs Godfrey, Reading Road.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 22 December 1866, page 7

An entertainment, much similar in character to those sustained by the Elocution Society last winter, has been given a few remaining efficient members of that society with the aid of some fresh comers to the town. It is to be regretted, doubtless, that the general desire to repeat last season’s doings as regards magnitude, and which has been so frequently expressed by the numerous patrons of this Society cannot be met in the way it is wished. An additional proof of the esteem in which the members of the Society above mentioned are held was afforded by the presence of a more than crowded and select audience which collected in good times on Monday evening last in the Town Hall. The programme, as heretofore, comprised a choice selection: recitation and reading being followed by song and duett[sic] &c.  The duett[sic] “The Larboard Watch,” by Messrs Thomas and F Paulin, pleased immensely, and was determinedly encored. The whole terminated with a concerted piece entitled, “The Man with the Carpet Bag,” and did not fail to highly amuse the company.  The chair was kindly and efficiently filled by Mr W Plumbe.

Oxford Journal, 9 February 1867 page 8

Entertainment – A capital entertainment (the second of the season) was given on the evening of the 4th inst at the Town Hall, by some members and friends of the late Elocution Society; the Hall was much crowded.  The programme included various readings, recitations, songs &c in which Messrs EM Williams, Jennings, Coles, C Clements, Hunn, F Paulin, Bye, Tagg and Thomas took part, and their exertions were most enthusiastically acknowledged by the audience.  The entertainment concluded with a concerted piece, “The Spanking Legacy” which was capitally got up and rendered by Messrs Bye, Hann, Coles, Bailey, and Potts.  The piano solo was most artistically executed by Mr Henly, who also accompanied the songs and duetts[sic]. At the close a vote of thanks was given to the Chairman, EM Williams Esq, and likewise to the Mayor for the use of the Hall.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 16 March 1867, page 7


Elocution Entertainment – the third of this season’s series – perhaps the most successful and justly-called popular entertainment given – took place in the Town Hall on Monday evening last, and was accepted as a provision of what can not be found elsewhere by that large class of intelligent townspeople and their friends, who are equally distinguishable for their sincerity and individuality of character, or for their honest appreciation of that which is really worth hearing.  The night was most unpropitious, but that was no barrier to those who upon these occasions eagerly crowd in to witness and heartily applaud the happy efforts made for their amusement. It is literally true to say that every foot of room was occupied and as heretofore, an amount of decorum was observed by the low-priced visitants, which is particularly observable at these meetings.  The Mayor (G Paulin, Esq) very kindly occupied the chair upon the occasion, and expressed to the committee the pleasure it gave him to do so, remarking that the promoters of these very agreeable evenings were deserving of thanks. The programme consisted of recitations, readings, songs, and two concerted pieces, which was disposed of without a hitch, and with an amount of éclat which is not likely can be surpassed by any amateurs. Mr Jennings was encored in each of his songs, Mr F Paulin was encored in his song, “Come Home, Father,”; Messrs E Thomas and F Paulin were encored in the duett[sic] “The Larboard Watch,” which was sung by desire, having been encored on a former occasion.  Some scenic aid, executed by Mr F Paulin also produced no contemptible effect in the concerted piece “The Harvest Storm.”

Oxford Journal 7 December 1867, page 7

Elocution Society – The members of this Society gave another of their entertainments at the Town Hall on Monday evening: EM Williams in the chair.  The programme was as follows: Pianoforte solo by Miss Smith; recitation “Modern Logic” Mr Cole; Song, Mr F Paulin; recitation “Tim Turpin” Mr Bailey; song Mr J Hunn; recitation “The Widow and Son” Mr Bye; song Mr W Hearne; reading “The Story of the Vineyard” Mr Paulin; reading,”The Zoo-logical Saints” Mr Tagg; song Mr Sykes; concluding with the concerted piece, “The Turned Head”.  The whole of the pieces were given with much effect, and were very favourably received by the audience, which although large, was not so numerous as usual, but this may fairly be attributed to the severity of the weather.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 1 February 1868, page 7.

Henley Elocution Society – The fourth of the season’s entertainments given by this popular society took place on Monday evening last, the 27th Instant.  The weather was singularly unpropitious, but, notwithstanding this, as usual a large company attended to witness the disposal  of a well-assorted and attractive programme. Mr Wm Plumbe occupied the chair, and took the opportunity of introducing the store of amusement with some very complimentary and suitable observations.  The varied list terminated in “The Turkish Bath,” which in spite of and in the absence of scenic accessories called forth the repeated plaudits and laughter of the audience, and fittingly closed a very successful evening. The following is the programme: – Pianoforte, Miss Smith; recitation “Bernardo del Carpio” Mr Cole; song, Mr Jennings; recitation “The Razor Seller” Mr Bailey; duett [sic] “Sound, Sound the trumpet,” Messrs F Paulin and J Hunn’ reading, extract from “Shakespeare” Mr F Paulin; song “cruel Mary Holder” Mr C Clements; recitation “The Force of Love,” Mr Bye; song “Merry and Wise,” Mr Hunn; recitation “The Bewitched Breeches” Mr WE Cole; catch “The Sneezing Catch,” Messrs F Paulin, J Hunn, and C Clements; reading, “The Brigs of Ayr or Caversham” (Burns) Mr Tagg; song, Mr Jennings.  In the concerted piece, “The Turkish Bath” Messrs Bye, Clements, Cole, Paulin, Savage, Hanley and Bailey Took part; National Anthem.



Idea for a reality show- History: Chopped!, 2016

Idea for a reality show.


With the proliferation of reality shows, and more specifically of reality competition shows on television I have been pondering a way for historians to somehow be a part of this entertainment movement. And then it came to me – History:Chopped!

Instead of the logo of a cleaver I envision one of a guillotine – much more historically relevant.


There would be three rounds: The bibliography round (create a bibliography for a historical research project including the elements of a diverse literature with articles and books ); the Article Round (create a peer reviewed article using the elements from the bibliography round) and finally the monograph (create a full length book/monograph on the same subject).

In the Food Network’s Chopped there is a mystery basket, and the cooks are required to use these ingredients in their final product.  With historians I suggest we include budgets, research assistants, specific archives or library collections, sources in obscure languages, controversial articles or books as sources, and the like.

Contrary to most people’s perceptions of historians, there is a lot of controversy and conflict within the group.  Sure a lot of it deals with specific interpretations of sources, and the usual territorialism associated with topics, but since I have to mention this, I doubt that the viewing public knows this.  But what fun they could have on History:Chopped! with the side interviews and the talking smack about the competitors……  “Historian X has it all wrong, that source is biased, and they haven’t searched in this archive at all …”  And then there is the conflict between types of historians:  social historians, economic historians, etc.  What kind of history will reign supreme.  And the conflict between the professional paths of historians…. Public historians and academic historians (and the different levels – adjunct, professor, emeritus) just to name a few.

The tricky thing to film would be the actual research and writing of the material for each round.  In the food version of the show they have maybe 20-30 minutes per round, which clearly is not sufficient for the work of a historian.  I would suggest a week for the bibliography, four months for an article and two years for the book.  It would take a patient editor to go through the hours of footage of a person sitting at a desk reading, or writing on a computer, interspersed with a few phone calls or conversations with librarians and archivists, and some powerful eureka moments.

The contestants would be judged on their ability to create proper historical products, which meet the usual high standards of citation, research, and readability. Who would judge?  Well there are some historian superstars out there (Okay stop laughing – known historians) such as Dan Snow, or Jack Granatstein, Lucy Worsley or the like.

And the winner would get a prize.  On the food version they get $10,000, which would be awesome, but this is history, and we all know writing history does not pay.  Perhaps they get a publishing deal – have their work turned into a book which would be heavily publicised, and likely read by a larger audience. That would be nice, wouldn’t it?




Mad Ox on the loose, Montreal, 1869

Montreal Gazette, 9 August 1869, page 3

A Mad Ox on the Loose in the Street– About twelve o’clock yesterday as a large black ox was being driven to the market, he broke loose from his drivers and went tearing down St Joseph Street, driving the passengers by right and left. Opposite St Margaret he encountered a woman and knocked her down.  He then went on to Longueil Lane, where a little boy who was crossing the street was caught between his horns and knocked down.  A gentleman who was passing along helped the boy up.  The poor little fellow’s face was quite black and blood was coming out of his mouth.  Dr Tracy was sent for and the boy soon got better.  The ox went on his way down McGill Street.  No further accidents have been heard from, but several people had very narrow escapes.


Dictionary of Family Biography – Rev John Cutler

Biography – Rev. John Cutler

Cutler,John_ headmaster 1790_1823
John Cutler portrait, courtesy of Sherborne School, Dorset

John Cutler (19 May 1756 – 28 February 1833) was the oldest son of Roger Cutler and his wife Mary Bold.  Roger Cutler was a plumber, and owner of the Windsor and Eton Waterworks.  John and his four siblings were born in Eton, England.

John was educated at the famous private school – Eton, entering in 1763 at the age of seven.  He was a local boy, so it is unclear if he was resident there, but it was (and is) a boarding school.  In 1770 he matriculated at Oxford University, with a bachelor of arts.  He was ordained as a deacon that same year at Christ Church College.

He became chaplain aboard the Hero, which was part of Admiral Sir Edward Hughes Fleet, which was dispatched to the East Indies. This was an unsuccessful naval mission which saw the British fleet fight the French, during the American War of Independence.  Cutler was apparently injured during one of the battles, although details of the wound and the exact circumstances are unknown.

He returned to England in 1784, and obtained the position of assistant master at Rugby School.  He was also ordained as a priest while at Rugby, in 1786. In 1787 he became headmaster at Dorchester Grammar School (aka Thomas Hardye School).  He continued to work there until 1790 when he obtained the position of headmaster at Sherborne School. However he had to first obtain his Master’s degree, which he did at King’s College, Cambridge.

John Cutler married Sarah Elizabeth Guise, daughter of Richard Guise and Elizabeth Windham, in 1786, at St Margaret’s Church, Westminster. Together the couple had ten children: George Annesley (1787-8), William (1791-1791), Charlotte (1792-3), John (1794-1843), Richard (1795-1873), Edward (1798-1874), Frederick (1799-1858), Elizabeth (1806-after 1881), Ann (1797) and Henry (1788).

When John became headmaster at Sherborne in 1790, he and his growing family moved into the headmaster’s house, which was attached to the Abbey Church (Lady Chapel). Apparently money was tight, and the £60 per annum was insufficient.  Both John and his wife wrote to her uncle, William Windham, who was Secretary of War, for assistance. Their requests were for a naval pension and an ecclesiastical living (a parish). It is unclear if these requests were successful in any way, although he was not granted a living in Windham’s lifetime.

According to a history of Sherborne School, Cutler’s innovations as a headmaster had more to do with getting students to pay more for their education, than the quality of education they received.  Notwithstanding this financial commentary, he appears to have been respected.  In 1821, a dinner was held in his honour at Sherborne Town Hall.  He retired in 1822 hoping his son Richard would take over (he didn’t, but instead became headmaster of Dorchester School).

In 1815 Rev Cutler was given the parish of Patney, Wiltshire.  There is no evidence that he actually served the parish.  For part of his tenure there, he was also at Sherborne. Also, a history of the parish states that it was only after his time that the parish saw the company of its assigned priest.

John Cutler died in February of 1833 at the home of his son Edward Cutler (a doctor).  His wife died a few months later.



Eton College Register, 1753-1790

Dorchester Grammar School website

Rugby School Register Volume I & II from 1675 to 1874

Dorchester Free School by Michael Russell, 2009

Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900

A History of Sherborne School, AB Gourlay, 1971

Sherborne School, Dorset (correspondence with archivist)

Register, St Margaret’s Westminster

Register, Dorset

William Windham Papers, British Library

Salisbury and Winchester Journal

Patney Wiltshire history

London Standard

Sherborne Mercury


Edward VII Statue, Phillip’s Square, Montreal, 1914

Montreal Daily Star, 1 Oct 1914, page 3

Edward VII in Montreal from:
Edward VII in Montreal from:

Work of Peacemaker will Prevail though Armies Battle Now

Huge crowd cheered wildly as brother of late Monarch unveiled statue in Phillip’s Square – Children sang patriotic air – speeches by the Duke, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, Sir Alexander Lacoste and Mayor Martin

As the entwined Royal Standard and Union Jack slipped won from the huge bronze figure of King Edward VII, which crowns Phillip’s Square this morning, a gleam of late sunshine broke through the massed clouds and made a most impressive picture.

Round the Square, rank after rank troops were massed, troops to businesslike Khaki the [illegible] of the Highland Uniform, the [illegible] and scarlet of the Mount St [illegible]. Behind them in [illegible] masses loomed from kerb to wall hanging in the trees and ranged precariously on roots were those of the public who eager to do honor to the memory of the dead Monarch were unable to secure the coveted places in the stand.

The ceremony was scheduled for eleven o’clock and those who knew the punctiliousness of his Royal Highness were on hand well before the bell in the Cathedral Tower was sounding the first stroke when the Royal motor cars drew up within the hollow square formed by the troops. The first bars of the National Anthem were played and the Duke was making his inspection of the Highland [illegible] before the hour had struck.

On the stand a notable company was gathered when the Royal party, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia accompanied by Lady Villiers, and the military staff mounted the steps.  The royal standard flew to the top of the mast and the crowd at the farther ends of the square broke into renewed cheers Sir Robert and Lady Borden, Sir Francois Langelier, Sir Wilfrid and Lady Laurier, Sir Thomas and Lady Shaughnessy, His Lordship the Bishop of Montreal, Sir Alexander and Lady Lacoste, Sir Melbourne and Lady Tait, Sir Hugh and Miss Alice Graham, Mr and Mrs RV Mercier, Honorable Robert Rogers, Honorable CE Doherty, Honorable Louis Coderre, Honorable WS Fielding, Mayor Martin, HOnorable Rodolphe Lemieux, Colonel Denison, Major Anderson, and Major Leduc, together with scores of other prominent Montrealers rose and stood with bared heads until the Royal party was seated.

The great statue, swathed in the glowing colors of scarlet and blue, stood waiting, but the touch of a card. And the man whose brain had conceived it, and whose hand had given it being, Phillip Hebert, sculptor and artist to his finger tips, was there to receive the congratulations and the thanks of the city, made the more beautiful through his work.

All Traffic Stopped

Along St Catherine street, the cars had been stopped, and the dense crowd made vehicular traffic impossible by the comparative silence that resulted, the speakers voices had a better chance than usual, yet very few of the thousands who thronged the little square heard what was being said.  That did not matter so much as they had come to see rather than hear.

[illegible] was almost irresistible.  They got [illegible] several times before the [illegible] began and ther was a fine opportunity for a cheering outburst when the concealing flags fell from the statue.  The real joy of the morning came however with the singing of “O Canada” in English first then in French, conducted by two leaders who mounted the statue’s pedestal to do it.  First a choir of little girls sang the air to English words.  It is a shaky business singing before Royalty, as a [illegible] but the Montreal school children this morning very quickly recovered from the nervousness caused by their own selves, and shrilled out bravely.  Especially did the boys to the charge of the French version of the song enjoy themselves immensely and would willingly have gone on with the whole collection of verses [illegible] had it been so desired.

Speeches were short.

The speeches were not unduly prolonged, His Royal Highness as is his way, being notably brief and to the point in both French and English.

Following the short speeches the actual unveiling took place.  A small group, the Duke, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, Sir Alexander Lacoste, Mr Hebert, Colonel Denison and Major Leduc descended from the stand, crossed the few yards of square and mounted the square stone base, on which the statue stands. The cording down the east face ,and with a word was handed to His Highness smoothly like everything about the ceremony, it worked. A slight tug, and as the flags streamed downward to the ground, the huge bronze figure gleamed dully in a sudden passing ray of sun.  it was the moment for which the crowd had been watching.  Those who had from the stand to see or hear what was passing had held their eyes on the hunting clad figures on the strong pedestal and as they saw it they took up their cheer which grew to a roar.

Little was left to do, the Duke shook hands warmly with Mr Hebert, and congratulated him in the success of his work.  The sculptor was the centre of a big group of delighted admirers, but Mr Hebert is pretty well seasoned to that sort of thing by now.

Mayor Martin in accepting the statue in the city’s name recalled how King Edward had always striven for peace.  He had feared a European war and had strived earnestly to avert it.  The statue would be a happy symbol of the union of the two peoples in the city, and erected to the memory of a great peacemaker, would be a lesson and an incentive to harmony and concord.  He solemnly undertook to keep and preserve the statue for all time to come.

[continued on page 12]

[insert image of page 12]

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