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Frederick Pauline Sr – Artist.

While doing research for an article on the Paulin(e) family.  I began searching for examples of paintings done by Frederick Paulin(e) Sr. The main reason was that I had unearthed a newspaper article dated 1901, which spoke of an exhibit he had at the Great Northern Railway Offices [See below].

3col26sep1901 - f pauline artist

I knew that Frederick had been an artist having seen a couple of examples in my travels, but I hadn’t understood the importance that it had for him, which from the fact that he exhibited his work (though humbly) suggests.

So I have decided to launch a search for more examples of his work, to digitally construct an exhibit of his paintings in order to share with his family/descendants and other interested people in his vision of the world, through his art.

Example 1


Beacon Hill Park, Victoria, from the collection of S Bunting.

Example 2

Paulin1 (1)

Possibly English River, dated 1909, from the collection of D Thornton.

If you have any paintings by Frederick and would be willing to share with the blog (and the family) I would be most grateful.

Frederick’s son Ernest Alfred Paulin was also a talented artist.  I have two examples of his decorative painting.

Example 1

EPaulin tin birds

Tin Plate, repurposed Ainsley Ware and decorated with birds.  Was a gift to Sidney and Kate [Smith, his in-laws] and dated Christmas 1899, from the collection of G Leitch.

Example 2

EPaulin mirror cake plate

Decorated mirror, nd, from the collection of S Bunting. Thought to be a cake plate.

Any images of Ernest or Frederick’s art would be gratefully added to this virtual exhibit.  If any other members of the family were visual artists, information and images would also be appreciated.

Work in Progress!

The Gallery can be seen here:

A Voice from Turkey [Poem], Montreal, 1867

Ottawa Citizen, 3 January 1867, page 2


Getty Images, from
Getty Images, from



Dinner was o’er on New Year’s Day, and as I sat alone,

Methought that from the table rose a deep, unearthly groan,-

Tables have groaned in ancient time, should they not in our own!


“A hospitable sign,” said I, not in the least dismayed,

Not if the shades of slaughtered fowls, erst victimized, afraid,

Though scattered remnants of the feast were on the table laid.


Surely it was a dream, from out a heap of well-picked bones,

Though unlearnt in such lore, methought I heard mysterious tones,

And thus they wailed, and thus they plained, “Ye miserable ones.”


“Poor victims of relentless Fate, dear fellow suff’rers all!

This day beholds of our proud race the universal fall,

And well displays the cruelty which held us long in thrall.”


“What joys were ours in those calm days of verdant innocence,

When we the spacious farmyard ranged, nor feared to give offence,

Before the cook, with wily arts, strove to begull us thence!”


“Oh, fatal, fatal day on which, for the last time, we took,

In solemn state, the savory mess brought by that treach’rous cook,

How could be with composure meet our unsuspecting look.”


“But cooks have such cruel hearts, – beneath their blandest smiles will lurk

The cold, unfeeling selfishness which fits them for their work,

And though we come from Turkey they are “cruel as the Turk.”



Untangling the Various Narratives – More About Maude Smith, Suffragette, 2016

When writing about a person of note it is always important to understand the different narratives which are used about them.  This is particularly important when you are writing about them as a part of a family history.  The role they played in the family, the way they were remembered in the family could be at odds with how they are portrayed in history books, and likewise their part in history might single them out for remembrance in family lore out of sync with their participation in the family.

Such is the case with my grandfather’s first cousin, Isabel Maude Kate Smith.  Maude was the daughter of Grandad’s mother’s sister.  She was a suffragette, and her story as a part of the Votes for Women movement in England is of note. But of course, she was a part of the family, a part of a network of relatives who lived in the Birmingham area.

Last week I found Maude’s prison record (for her second arrest) and did a subsequent Google search.  There  on the Press Association Archives I discovered a photo of Maude in the docks during her trial in 1914.  Having now obtained the rights to use this picture in my blog (and yes this cost money) I thought it a good idea to reflect on Maude, both as a suffragette and as a family member.


Isabel Maude Kate Smith was born the 7 September 1881 in Acock’s Green, Birmingham.  She was the eldest child of Sidney Smith and his wife Kate Jennings.  When she was born her father was a wholesale jeweller.  Maude had three brothers and a sister: Sidney, Percival, Leslie and Dorothy.

According to an interview Maude did with Brian Harrison in 1975 [The Women’s Library, London Metropolitan University, 8SUF/B/030] Maude had a varied primary education, attending several schools before leaving at the age of 12.  After leaving school she worked for her father.  When his business failed she worked intermittently in clerical/bookkeeping positions.  She loved numbers. She suffered from depression, and was often forced to leave jobs after suffering breakdowns.

After her period in the suffrage movement she moved to the country, and served as a housekeeper/companion to an accountant named Skinner.  The Skinners were apparently friends of the family.  She lived with him in the Shropshire area until about 1965, when he died.  She never married.

Maude as a Suffragette

Maude joined the suffrage movement after reading Votes for Women.  She didn’t just attend a few meetings, she was active in it, first selling papers for them, then serving as the secretary of the WSPU [Women’s Social and Political Union] in Birmingham.

In 1912 Maude, with a number of other women, went to London and smashed windows in Oxford Street.  She was arrested, and was given four months for that.  After sentencing, the ladies began a hunger strike, and were force-fed.  Maude was force-fed for a few months, and the emotional and physical damage followed her through her life. Released, she continued with the movement, and admitted to “firing a post box.” [“All this so Women Could Win the Right to Vote,” Solihull News, 8 January 1972].

British Politics - The Suffragettes - Trials - London - 1914
Suffragette Mary Spencer in the dock charged with causing criminal damage to the painting ‘Primavera’ by Sir George Clausen in the National Gallery in London. She was, in fact, the Secretary for the WSPU, Maude Kate Smith, using an assumed name. PA Images #5320230, used with permission

Maude is best known for another violent act, the slashing of the painting Primavera by George Claussen at the Royal Academy of Arts on the 26 May 1914.  The painting was a nude lady sitting sideways holding her hair.  When asked in 1975 Maude said that it was a lovely picture, and expressed regret that she had harmed it.  Upon slashing it she was arrested and taken to the Old Bailey.  There under the false name of Mary or May Spencer she was convicted, and imprisoned for six months. [TNA-CCC-H0140-00692]

Maude in her Family

In her interview Maude was asked a fair bit about her family.  She was very open about her father and his family.  Sidney Smith was from, in her words, landed gentry, and his family had owned land in Great Cumberton for over four hundred years. She attributed many of his and her preferences for quiet and country because of this landed heritage. Maude appears to have spent a great deal of time with her grandmother there (including in 1901 when she was listed as a visitor in her home in the Census).  She mentioned that she was named after three aunts and her mother.  (Isabel was her mother’s sister, the other two were Smiths, but she talks of three Smith aunts).

About her mother she said relatively little.  She described her as trier, worn out and angry.  She talked about how her mother was always trying to get her to take on chores in the house, but she refused.  Maude said that her mother came from business people [Swan Pub in Yardley] and that she was used to having servants.  She also noted that when Maude was born her mother was undernourished, and had ultimately gone through nine pregnancies (9 pregnancies – 5 children survived).

About her siblings she was vague.  She did mention that there was little affection among them.  She knew little about their lives, and while granted she was over ninety when she was interviewed and not as quick as she must have been, she was hard pressed to know what they did for a living, and rarely used their names.

What she did say was that Leslie went to technical school, and then worked at Dunlops.  Percy was a “tragedy” who worked at a GE then a bicycle factory, she also called him wild, and that he had three children.  No details to the wildness. Sidney was a “gentle dear” who worked first as a bookkeeper and then owned Magnus Welding Co.  Dorothy liked to garden.

The family view of Maude

Growing up both my brother and I were raised with the story of how Grandad’s cousin had been a suffragette fighting for the right to vote.  We were told how important it was to vote.

When researching Maude I came across a letter my Mom wrote to her cousin Dorothy in 1996 about Maude.  Daphne had kindly sent an article about her that she had found.  Here is a part of what Mom said:

“Apart from the fact that she’d been a suffragette and had been imprisoned, I didn’t know much about her.  I have a vague recollection of Auntie Hilda [Grandad’s sister] telling me that she’d been the housekeeper for a widower [actually he was still married, but separated] but nothing beyond that. . . . I was surprised to read in the newspaper article that Maude was a tomboy from having played with her brothers.  As far as I knew, she only had one brother, Leslie, and one sister, Dorothy.  Leslie worked at Dunlop at the same time as Dad (in the war) and had quite a senior job – and felt it beneath his dignity to acknowledge a mere clerk!  I believe he was married but didn’t have any children.  Dad always said what a lovely couple Uncle Sidney and Aunt Kate were (so I couldn’t understand Leslie’s attitude).”

Maude did not appear to be a part of the larger family circle, so really existed only in rumour, and legend.


As you can seen there are four narratives here – first is the biographical narrative, the basic facts about Maude’s life; next is the larger national historic narrative – her being a significant part of the suffragette movement, and her very striking attack on a painting at the Royal Academy; third is her narrative, her view of her life and family; and lastly the family’s view of her.  All are valid, all interesting.



Women’s Library, London Metropolitan University, interview with Maude Kate Smith by Brian Harrison, dated 14 January 1975, 8SUF/B/030.

1901 Census, Great Comberton, Worcestershire.

1891 Census, Berkswell, Warwickshire.

Press Association Images #5320320 []

“All This So Women Could Win the Vote,” Solihull News, 8 January 1972.

Helena Bonett, “Deeds not Words:’ Suffragettes and the Summer Exhibition,” Royal Academy of Arts, posted 15 July 2013.

Letter to D Tuckett from S Leitch, dated 10 March 1996.

Brian Henderson, “The Act of Militancy: Violence and the Suffragettes, 1904-1914” in Peaceable Kingdoms, Stability and Change in Modern Britain, eds. Michael Bentley and John Stevenson, Oxford University Press, 1982, 80-122.


Entertaining & Being Entertained – Etiquette, 1937

From: Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage by Emily Post, New York and London, Funk & Wagnalls Co, 1922/37.


The Late Guest

A polite hostess waits twenty minutes at most after the dinner hour, and then orders dinner to be served.  To wait more than twenty minutes, or actually fifteen after those who took the allowable five minutes’ grace, would be showing lack of consideration to many for the sake of one.  When one late guest finally enters the dining-room, it is she who must go up to the hostess and apologize for being late.  The hostess remains seated and the guest merely shakes hands quickly in order that all the men at the table need not rise. The hostess must never take the guest to task, but should say something polite and conciliatory such as: “I was sure you would not want us to wait dinner!”


The ideal guest not only tries to wear becoming clothes, but tries to get into an equally becoming frame of mind. No one is ever asked out very much who is in the habit of telling people all the misfortunes and ailments she has experienced or witnessed, though the perfect guest listens with apparent sympathy to everyone else’s.  Another attribute of the perfect guest is never to keep people waiting.


Formal invitations are always addressed to Mr. Stanley Smith.  All other personal letters may be addressed to Stanley Smith, Esq.  The title of Esquire was formerly used to denote the eldest son of a knight or members of a younger branch of a noble house.  Later all graduates of universities, professional and literary men, and important landholders were given the right to this title, which even today denotes a man of education – a gentleman.  John Smith, Esquire, is John Smith, Gentleman.  Mr. John Smith may be a gentleman or may not be one.  And yet, as noted above, all engraved initiations are addressed to “Mr.”.


Illuminating Montreal’s Port, 1880

[I only wish I had a picture to illustrate this blog post with, because it would have been a heck of a sight!]

Montreal Gazette, 22 September 1880, page 2

Last Night’s Illuminations

Dryden’s hyperbole, that the stars lifted the curtain of the Night to gaze on a scene he was describing, would not, after all, seem so far fetched to one who saw the illumination of the harbour last night. The shipping was decked with parti-colored lights, arranged in wreaths and crowns and figures of every description, and from many of the vessels fireworks were sent off. As far as the eye could reach on either side were myriads of dancing lights of various colors, forming a strong contrast to the dark hulls and the waters grey in the moonlight, while in the background were the huge warehouses and stores whose grimness seemed intensified by comparison with the brightness of the scene in front. A large number of people visited the wharves to view this illumination and at the same time see how effectively the new electric light system performs it work.

Archives Research Hack, 2016

Archives are wonderful places to do research, but they have a lot of rules about what you can and cannot bring inside while you work.  Fair enough, they are protecting their collection.  One of the main issues that archives have is the bringing in of bags – purses, computer bags, briefcases – most archives I have gone into ban them.  What you need you have to carry.

Some archives kindly provide clear or opaque bags where you can stash the essentials, and this is great.  But I am always a bit frustrated by the process of transfer – putting my things in their bag.

So I have come up with a solution which makes my life easier and still gives the archives’ security the ability to see everything I am bringing in and out.

archives hack (2)

The last time I bought sheets for my bed I saved the bag they came in.  It was clear, legal paper sized, and had a zipper so everything stays inside.  I use it to keep my “archives kit,” the essentials that I use in archives that stay in the container all the time.

archives hack (1)

Kleenex, archives gloves, usb key (lego shaped because lego shaped), pencils, retracting eraser, notebook, copy cards, business card (because I am a professional!) post it notes, and camera charger.  I also bring my camera – but that was what I was using to take the picture….

When I get to the archives I also put in my cell phone, wallet and the cord for my computer.  And voila – everything I need for research in a compact, tidy container.



Gregory Consolidation from Tammany New York, Montreal, 1869

Montreal Gazette, 5 August 1869, page 2

Theatre Royal

Thursday 5th August

Positively last three nights of the

Gregory Consolidation from the Tammany, New York

During their stay of six weeks upwards of 300,000 persons witnessed their performances.

Miniature Circus, Dogs, Monkeys, Ponies and Goats, the Gymnasium, the Aerial Acrobats, the Spiral Ascension, Wonderful Comic Pantomimes, the Original Punch and Judy

-also –

Mlle Gertrude in her wonderful Parlour Entertainment of Educated Animals

The Latest New York [illegible]

The Men of the Air

With their astounding summersaults while flying in the air.

On Saturday, Family Matinee, at half past two o’clock.

Private boxes, $1.00; Dress circle 50c; Family circle 37 ½ c’ PI 25c.

Doors open at 7: Performances to comments at 8 ½ precisely.

Seats can be secured, without extra charge, at Prince’s Music Store2gaz5aug1869b

Fashionable wedding – Mary Frothingham and RJ Mowat, Montreal, 1880

Montreal Gazette, 30 October 1880, page 3


Mrs. Robert Moat, nee Mary Louisa Frothingham, Montreal, QC, 1881 Notman & Sandham, II-60228.1, McCord Museum of Canadian History

Fashionable Wedding

A marriage in high life took place yesterday in the Church of the Messiah, and was attended by a very large number of Montreal society.  The happy event was the matrimonial union of Mr RJ Mowat, the well-know broker, and Miss Mary Frothingham, eldest daughter of the late Mr George Frothingham, formerly senior member of the firm of Frothingham & Workman, of this city. The church had been tastefully decorated with flowers for the occasion by the lady friends of the bride. By the hour announced for the ceremony quite a flutter of excitement was noticed in the vicinity.  The bride was to have been given away by her uncle, the Rev Henry Frothingham, who unfortunately was detained by the train being badly delayed.  Mr Henry Archibald acted in his stead. The marriage ceremony was performed by the Rev Dr Cordner, and Mr Maclagan presided at the organ. There were no bridesmaids.  After the hymencal knot had been tied, the bridal party soon after left the church to the sounds of the “Wedding March”.  They were met at the Bonaventure station by numerous friends, who had assembled to wish them adieu.  A young lady presented the bride with a costly bouquet, in an ornamental basket of fine design.  They soon left by the eastern train for Saratoga and New York.  We wish them all happiness.

Frederick Paulin (sr) – his Henley performances in the 1860s

fred paulin

I decided to do a large search through the British newspapers for mentions of the family, specifically their life in Henley-on-Thames.  I was expecting a lot for George Paulin, who was very active in municipal politics, becoming the town’s mayor in 1880, but was hopeful that there was more.  Fortunately I was right.

When the Paulin family moved to Victoria, BC they were really active in local musical theatre, and I wondered where this came from.  I knew that Mary Cutler Paulin’s family was musical, but apparently the Paulins were as well.  Throughout the 1860s Frederick Paulin was active in the amateur theatre in Henley-on-Thames.  I thought that it would be easiest to just put all of the accounts I found together to show what kind of performer he was.  He seemed to have been the most active with the “Henley Elocution Society,” where he frequently was called upon to sing, but he also gave recitations from Shakespeare.


Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 29 February 1868, page 8

Elocution Society – The entertainment which took place at the Town Hall on Monday evening last, was attended by a very large audience, attracted, perhaps more than the usual by an excellent programme, which contained a very humorous collection.  The moral attached to the piece “Friendship” was much appreciated and everything passed off with credit to the amateurs. It is expected the Society will give one more evening, and, if so, a repetition of “Friendship” will be acceptable. The following was the selection: song, “The Mermaid,” Mr Jennings; reading, Act 1 Scene 1, Merchant of Venice, Mr Williams; song “My Pretty Jane,” Mr W Crouch; recitation “The Death of Rufus” Mr Cole; song “O! Poor Old Man” Mr J Hunn.

“Friendship,”  Mr Fox (Managing Clerk at a Banking House) Mr Bye; Messrs Smith, Brown, Jones and Robinson, his friends Messrs C Clements, Handley, Savage and Cole – Song “The Peddlar” Mr F Paulin; reading Act 1 Scene 4, Richard III, Mr Williams; song “Faithless Maria” Mr C Clements; recitation “The Frenchman and the Rats” Mr Handley; song, “I am one of the Olden Time” Mr Jennnings.

Concerted piece – “Cherry Bounce” Mr Clements – Mr Bye; Gregory Homespun (his man) – Mr Cole; Gammon (farmer) Mr J Hunn; Spinage (farmer) Mr Savage; Doctor’s Boy- Master Miller; Old Homespun (Gregory’s father) Mr J Paulin.  National Anthem.

Oxford Journal, 19 March 1864, page 8


Penny Readings – Another of the penny readings took place at St Mary’s Hall, New Street, by kind permission of the Bishop Coadjutor of Edinburgh, on Monday evening last, JS Burn Esq in the chair.  The following was the programme – “The Retreat from Moscow” (Alison) Rev Dr Godby; “the enchanted net” (an adaptation from the German) Rev J Hodges; song “The Bashful young gentleman” (Glover) Mr F Paulin; “Hamlet” Act 1st Scene 2nd (Shakespeare) Mr EM Williams; “The Diverting History of John Gilpin (Cowper) Mr Robinson; “A Reading” Rev J Hodges; song “The Pilot” (Nelson), Mr Partridge; “Selections from Southey” Rev Dr Godby.  The songs were accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr A Towsey.  At the conclusion Mr F Paulin gave a second song, there having been a loud call for an encore of his first, which was not yielded; the latter was also received with much applause.  The popularity of these readings is evinced by the increased numbers of the audience; the Society’s room in Bell Street soon became too small and now the large building, St Mary’s Hall, is found insufficient to accommodate all.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 12 November 1864, page 8


Henley Reading, Chess and Music Society – This society gave another agreeable evening’s entertainment, called Penny Reading, on Wednesday evening last at St Mary’s Hall, New Street.  The programme as follows, was sustained very creditably by “The Northern Farmer” (Tennyson) Mr Lister; “The Dream of Eugene Aram” (Hood) Mr Rawlins; Song “The Anchor’s Weighted} (Braham) Mr Walter Crouch; Song “Smuggles and Poachers” (Crabbe) Mr John Cooper; Song “Kitty Tyrrell” (CW Glover) Mr Frederick Paulin; “Odes on the Deaths of the Prince Consort and the Duke of Wellington” (Tennyson) Mr Lister; “The Highland Boy” (Wordsworth) Mr Rawlins.  The songs were accompanied by Mr A Twosey who performed on the pianoforte.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 3 February 1866, page 7

Elocution Society – The continued increasing attractiveness of this Society’s entertainments could not be more forcibly exemplified that it was on Monday evening last.  The chair was kindly and ably filled on the occasion by Mr W Plumbe.  The concerted piece was admirably gone through, and elicited constant and genuine outbursts of laughter; the song with instrumental quartett [sic] accompaniment was loudly encored and repeated. The other items in the programme were exceedingly well rendered.  Programme: Reading, a sketch from “Artemus Ward’s Travels in America” Mr EM Williams; recitation, “Ginevra” (Rogers) Mr Bye; quartett[sic] “Isle of Beauty” (Harmonised by WH Birch) – Masters Sparks and Cooper, Messrs Paulin and Simmonds; reading, “A Politic(al) Flight of Lord John Russell” with Punch – Mr Tagg; song “Better late than never” (Geogbegan) – Mr C Clements; recitation “The Better Land” (Mrs Hemans) Master Sparks; song “Never mind the rest” (H Fase) Mr F Paulin; recitation “The Red King’s Warning” (TW) Mr Hunn; reading “Elegy Written in a Churchyard” (Gray) – Mr EM Williams; song “The Charge of the Light Brigade” (instrumental quartett[sic] accompaniment) Mr F Paulin; recitation “The Common Path” (JE Carpenter) Mr C Clements; glee, “The Chough and Crow” (Sir H Bishop) – full chorus; concerted piece “A Martyr to Science, or Wanted, a Confederate” – Tweezer (a retired chiropodist), Mr Bye; Dick (his son), Mr Simmonds; Humphrey Davy Tattleton (MHES and MSIMPB, Peripatic Lecturer on Magnetico-Photographico-Biology), Mr Hunn; Drudgely (a lawyer) Mr F Paulin.  National Anthem.  The songs were accompanied by Mrs Godfrey, Reading Road.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 22 December 1866, page 7

An entertainment, much similar in character to those sustained by the Elocution Society last winter, has been given a few remaining efficient members of that society with the aid of some fresh comers to the town. It is to be regretted, doubtless, that the general desire to repeat last season’s doings as regards magnitude, and which has been so frequently expressed by the numerous patrons of this Society cannot be met in the way it is wished. An additional proof of the esteem in which the members of the Society above mentioned are held was afforded by the presence of a more than crowded and select audience which collected in good times on Monday evening last in the Town Hall. The programme, as heretofore, comprised a choice selection: recitation and reading being followed by song and duett[sic] &c.  The duett[sic] “The Larboard Watch,” by Messrs Thomas and F Paulin, pleased immensely, and was determinedly encored. The whole terminated with a concerted piece entitled, “The Man with the Carpet Bag,” and did not fail to highly amuse the company.  The chair was kindly and efficiently filled by Mr W Plumbe.

Oxford Journal, 9 February 1867 page 8

Entertainment – A capital entertainment (the second of the season) was given on the evening of the 4th inst at the Town Hall, by some members and friends of the late Elocution Society; the Hall was much crowded.  The programme included various readings, recitations, songs &c in which Messrs EM Williams, Jennings, Coles, C Clements, Hunn, F Paulin, Bye, Tagg and Thomas took part, and their exertions were most enthusiastically acknowledged by the audience.  The entertainment concluded with a concerted piece, “The Spanking Legacy” which was capitally got up and rendered by Messrs Bye, Hann, Coles, Bailey, and Potts.  The piano solo was most artistically executed by Mr Henly, who also accompanied the songs and duetts[sic]. At the close a vote of thanks was given to the Chairman, EM Williams Esq, and likewise to the Mayor for the use of the Hall.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 16 March 1867, page 7


Elocution Entertainment – the third of this season’s series – perhaps the most successful and justly-called popular entertainment given – took place in the Town Hall on Monday evening last, and was accepted as a provision of what can not be found elsewhere by that large class of intelligent townspeople and their friends, who are equally distinguishable for their sincerity and individuality of character, or for their honest appreciation of that which is really worth hearing.  The night was most unpropitious, but that was no barrier to those who upon these occasions eagerly crowd in to witness and heartily applaud the happy efforts made for their amusement. It is literally true to say that every foot of room was occupied and as heretofore, an amount of decorum was observed by the low-priced visitants, which is particularly observable at these meetings.  The Mayor (G Paulin, Esq) very kindly occupied the chair upon the occasion, and expressed to the committee the pleasure it gave him to do so, remarking that the promoters of these very agreeable evenings were deserving of thanks. The programme consisted of recitations, readings, songs, and two concerted pieces, which was disposed of without a hitch, and with an amount of éclat which is not likely can be surpassed by any amateurs. Mr Jennings was encored in each of his songs, Mr F Paulin was encored in his song, “Come Home, Father,”; Messrs E Thomas and F Paulin were encored in the duett[sic] “The Larboard Watch,” which was sung by desire, having been encored on a former occasion.  Some scenic aid, executed by Mr F Paulin also produced no contemptible effect in the concerted piece “The Harvest Storm.”

Oxford Journal 7 December 1867, page 7

Elocution Society – The members of this Society gave another of their entertainments at the Town Hall on Monday evening: EM Williams in the chair.  The programme was as follows: Pianoforte solo by Miss Smith; recitation “Modern Logic” Mr Cole; Song, Mr F Paulin; recitation “Tim Turpin” Mr Bailey; song Mr J Hunn; recitation “The Widow and Son” Mr Bye; song Mr W Hearne; reading “The Story of the Vineyard” Mr Paulin; reading,”The Zoo-logical Saints” Mr Tagg; song Mr Sykes; concluding with the concerted piece, “The Turned Head”.  The whole of the pieces were given with much effect, and were very favourably received by the audience, which although large, was not so numerous as usual, but this may fairly be attributed to the severity of the weather.

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 1 February 1868, page 7.

Henley Elocution Society – The fourth of the season’s entertainments given by this popular society took place on Monday evening last, the 27th Instant.  The weather was singularly unpropitious, but, notwithstanding this, as usual a large company attended to witness the disposal  of a well-assorted and attractive programme. Mr Wm Plumbe occupied the chair, and took the opportunity of introducing the store of amusement with some very complimentary and suitable observations.  The varied list terminated in “The Turkish Bath,” which in spite of and in the absence of scenic accessories called forth the repeated plaudits and laughter of the audience, and fittingly closed a very successful evening. The following is the programme: – Pianoforte, Miss Smith; recitation “Bernardo del Carpio” Mr Cole; song, Mr Jennings; recitation “The Razor Seller” Mr Bailey; duett [sic] “Sound, Sound the trumpet,” Messrs F Paulin and J Hunn’ reading, extract from “Shakespeare” Mr F Paulin; song “cruel Mary Holder” Mr C Clements; recitation “The Force of Love,” Mr Bye; song “Merry and Wise,” Mr Hunn; recitation “The Bewitched Breeches” Mr WE Cole; catch “The Sneezing Catch,” Messrs F Paulin, J Hunn, and C Clements; reading, “The Brigs of Ayr or Caversham” (Burns) Mr Tagg; song, Mr Jennings.  In the concerted piece, “The Turkish Bath” Messrs Bye, Clements, Cole, Paulin, Savage, Hanley and Bailey Took part; National Anthem.



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