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Kathleen Paulin obituary, 1914

Victoria Times, 24 March 1914


A sad loss has been sustained by one of the best-known families in Victoria by the passing away of little Kathleen Mary Paulin, who died this morning at the early age of eleven years.  The little girl was the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Paulin, of 566 Michigan Street, her father being well-known as the organist of Christ Church cathedral.  Mrs. Paulin, who was a daughter of Captain Nicholls, represents another family prominent in the annals of Victoria, and the little girl herself was born in this city and had a wide circle of friends who will learn with sorrow of her untimely death.  She had been ill for a year, but had from time to time given hopes of recovery, through her end was not totally unexpected.  The funeral will take place on Wednesday afternoon at 2.15 from the house, service being conducted at the cathedral at 2.30.  The internment will be in Ross Bay cemetery, and the BC Funeral company has charge of the arrangements.


Wedding of WF Pauline and Muriel King, 1924

Victoria Times, 14 July 1924, page 6


Pretty House Wedding Saturday

Nuptials of Sergt WF Pauline of Work Point and Miss Muriel King


A pretty wedding took place on Saturday evening at the residence of the bride’s parents.  Mr. and Mrs. William King, 2194 Douglas Street, in the presence of relatives and intimate friends, when Major Rev Dr Campbell officiated at a ceremony which made Miss Muriel Florence King the bride of Sergeant William Frederick Pauline, of Work Point.  The bride, who was charming in a French gown of powder blue georgette, beautifully brocaded and trimmed with steel and black beads, wore a coronet of silver leaves and carried a bouquet of Ophelia roses, mauve sweet peas and maidenhair fern.  She came into the drawing room on the arm of her father, who gave her in marriage.  She was attended as bridesmaid by Miss Myrtle Mabel King, her sister, who was very handsome in a frock of pink georgette trimmed with white beads and carried a bouquet of pink sweet peas and lilies of the valley with maidenhair fern.  The bridegroom was accompanied as groomsman by Mr. William Stuart Hodgson.  The room was artistically decorated in a color scheme of mauve and white, and the ceremony performed under an arch of sweet peas.  While the register was being signed Miss Jenny Stubbs sweetly sang “Because.”

Mr. and Mrs. Pauline left by the midnight boat for Vancouver and the Sound cities, and on their return will make their home in Victoria, of which city they are both natives.

Among the guests were Mr. and Mrs. George Porter and family, Mr. and Mrs. Gold, Miss Stella Gold, Mr. and Mrs. H Pauline, Mr. and Mrs. Murray, Miss Muriel Murray, Mr. and Mrs. Stubbs and family, Mr. and Mrs. Humber and family, Mr. D Hodgin and Mrs. Ware.

Obit – Mary Cutler Pauline, 1921

Victoria Times, 7 August 1921, page 9


Mrs. Mary Pauline died last night

Mother of Saanich MPP called by death at ripe age


A well-known Victoria family has suffered its second bereavement within a few weeks in the death of Mrs. Mary Pauline, widow of the late Frederick Pauline, who passed away last night at the residence of her daughter Mrs. CF Gardiner, 1020 Fairfield Road.

The late Mrs. Pauline was born in Kew, England, and was 84 years 7 months old at the time of her death.  She had been a resident of this city for the last thirty-four years, and was esteemed by a wide circle of old-time friends.  One of her sons, George Pauline, the organist, pre-deceased her some days ago and the shock of his death undoubtedly hastened her end.

She is survived by three sons, FA Pauline, MPP for Saanich; Herbert W and JA Pauline of Victoria, also seven daughters, Mrs. Goodwin, Mrs. CP Gardiner, Mrs. GA Gardiner, Mrs. H Short, Mrs. RH Williams, Mrs. (Capt.) Le Praik, and Mrs. DL Hickey of this city.  The remains will repose at the BC Funeral Chapel until Wednesday morning, when they will be conveyed to the residence of Mrs. CF Gardiner, 1020 Fairfield Road, from where the funeral will leave at 10.45, proceeding to Christ Church Cathedral for the services at 11 o’clock.  Internment will be made in the family plot at Ross Bay Cemetery.

mary paulin and kid
Mary Paulin and child, circa 1860-70s, c. Kathleen Paulin

Mr Pauline leaves for London Post, 1925

Victoria Colonist, 8 Feb 1925, page 5

Mr. Pauline leaves for London Post

Agent-General Confident of Future Progress

Will confer with Canadian Prime Minister and Federal Cabinet at Ottawa

Accompanied by his wife and son, Oliver, and Mrs. EA Thaw, his sister-in-law, Mr. FA Pauline, the newly appointed Agent-General for British Columbia, left on yesterday’s steamer for Vancouver en route for London, England, where he will take up his new duties at British Columbia House.  Mr. Pauline and party will travel via the Canadian National Railways to Ottawa, where he will meet Rt Hon Mackenzie King, Canadian Prime Minister, and members of the Federal Cabinet, before proceeding to New York, from which port he will sail on February 14.

The new agent-general was optimistic regarding the industrial and commercial future of British Columbia, and reiterated his intention to bring into being a closer union between British markets and producers of this Province.  He would also strive to develop greater interest among British financial men and British Columbia resources and potentialities.

On leaving Victoria to take up my duties as Agent-General in London, I wish to express my best thanks for the many kindnesses received by myself and my family from the people of British Columbia,” said Mr. Pauline, before boarding his ship.  “I desire to extend to them all my best wishes for their welfare, both now and in the future.”

Carma the Mystic hits a Brick Wall, 2018


John Edward Patrick Pauline was born the 13th of May 1906, in Victoria, BC.  He was the second son of Herbert William Pauline and his wife Anna Elizabeth Doran.  I have not been able to find out much more about his life.  He was listed in the 1911 Census with his parents and brother William Frederick, and I have his death certificate, and burial information.  That is all the information I have from the scant primary sources.

And then there is this little nugget from a family history written by my cousin Kathleen:

Edward J – used to tell fortunes (Carma the Mystic)

[Paulin Family History by Kathleen Paulin, c1970]

Unfortunately there are no sources for this information.  It could come from family stories, overheard conversations, or direct personal knowledge (it is conceivable Kathleen knew him).I have tried searching the Victoria Colonist online for evidence of Edward Pauline or his alter ego Carma the Mystic to no avail.

According to his death certificate, John or Edward (census and Kathleen) was 44 years old when he died in 1951.  He was single, and living in Esquimalt.  His trade was listed as “retired waiter in restaurant.”  He had last worked this job in 1931.  His cousin S Hughes, who had the same address as the deceased was the informant.

So what to make of this information?  I think what is the most striking is that he was retired, and for 20 years.  Doing the math he retired at the age of 24.  As waiting tables has never been that lucrative a profession, questions arise as to how it is possible to retire, and retire so young.

It should be noted that 1931 is the same year his father died.  His mother died a year later.  Was half of his parents’ estates enough to sustain him?

Or is this where Carma the Mystic emerges?  Could he have pursued this career – but have it ignored on the official record?  Was S. Hughes protecting him, or protecting the family?

And so Carma the Mystic hits a brick wall.

Who was John Edward Patrick Pauline?


Dictionary of Family Biography – Ernest Alfred Paulin

EA Paulin c1890
Ernest Alfred Paulin, circa 1890, c. G Leitch

Dictionary of Family Biography

Ernest Alfred Paulin

Ernest Alfred Paulin (1864-1912) was born the 22nd of July 1864 in Henley-on-Thames, England.  He was the son of Frederick Paulin, brewer, and his wife Mary Cutler.  He was one of thirteen children, their fourth eldest, and their third son.  He would go by the name Pauline between 1886 and 1897.

As far as can be determined, Ernest received a decent education.  His eldest brother Frederick stated in an interview that he had attended Grammar school in Henley, and St Mary’s College in London.  It is assumed that the boys who were raised in Henley received similar educational opportunities.

The family lived in Henley-on-Thames until 1873.  Frederick Paulin, who had owned a brewery in Henley, sold it that year and used the profits to purchase the Union Brewery in Peckham, London. Frederick declared bankruptcy in 1874, and the family moved to the West Midlands.  The family moved around the area for a few years, settling in Acock’s Green by 1880.

It was in Birmingham that Ernest began his working life.  In the 1881 census he was listed as a clerk.  It was here too that his love for sports becomes apparent.  He was the captain of the Acock’s Green Star Football (soccer) club.  His brother Frederick played forward.

On the 9th of March 1886 Ernest married Emma Jane Jennings at St Edburgha’s Church in Yardley.  She was the daughter of Thomas Jennings, butcher who also ran the Swan Pub in Yardley, and his wife Emma Newberry.

Not long after, the newlyweds were boarding the SS Adriatic in Liverpool.  With his brother Herbert Paulin and her sister Amy Jennings, they set off for North America.  They left the 12th of April.

On the 25th of October that year Ernest and Emma welcomed their first child, a daughter, Dorothy Mary.  Her birth was announced in the Victoria Colonist; her father was working as a reporter in the rival paper, The Standard.  He later became an accountant/bookkeeper for the firm of Matthew, Richards and Tye.

Victoria’s newspapers are full of Ernest’s activities.  He continued to be active in sports, competing in the city’s Caledonian games in the running high jump in 1887.  He was also the skipper of the Albion Cricket Club in 1892.  The whole family was musical, and Ernest was active in the Victoria Opera Company and was often noted in musical productions or performances.

In August 1887 Dorothy died of Cholera.  The following year, on March 5th, they welcomed their first son, Harold Ernest.  He was joined by a sister Irene Belle on the 17th September 1889, another sister Gladys Mary the 12th February 1891, and sister Grace Melona on the 8th of April 1893.  Sadly Gladys died March 13th 1892 from whooping cough.

From interviews with his grandchildren, it was felt that Emma was not very happy living in Victoria.  She packed up the children and moved back to Birmingham, England.  Ernest followed.  This was after 1894.  He found work as an accountant.

In Birmingham they had three more children: Norman Frederick born 11 August 11897 (or 21 October – the date his mother insisted he was really born); Hilda Louise 25 January 1899 and Eric Cutler the 27 November 1900.  Eric died in September 1901.

The family moved to Ilford, in London around 1905-6, where Ernest worked as a salesman for the Oliver Typewriter Company.  The family then moved to Leigh-on-Sea.  The move was precipitated by Ernest’s diagnosis of tuberculosis.  It was believed that sea air would help.

In August 1912 Ernest travelled back to visit his family in Victoria, alone.  The trip was in hopes that the change would improve his health. It did not.  After several weeks in Victoria, he died on the 20th of November.  He was buried at Ross Bay Cemetery.


Birth, marriage and death certificates

Scottish Field, December 1930

Oxon Brews: The Story of Commercial Brewing in Oxfordshire by Mike Brown, Longfield, Brewing History Society, 2004.

UK Census 1871-1881, 1901-1911

Canadian Census 1891

Daily Colonist, British Colonist, Birmingham Post

Shipping Records – manifest of passengers to the US; Canadian arrivals list; US Arrivals

Probate registry – England

Ross Bay Cemetery


Dictionary of Family Biography – Frederick Arthur Pauline

Dictionary of Family Biography

frederick pauline
Frederick Pauline, as speaker of the BC Legislature, c. BC Archives.

Frederick Arthur Paulin(e)

Frederick Arthur Paulin (1861-1955) was born the 19th of September 1861, in Henley-on-Thames, England.  He was the second child and first son of Frederick Paulin, brewer, and his wife Mary Cutler.  He was one of thirteen children.  He used the spelling Pauline from 1884 onwards.

Frederick received a good education, attending Henley’s Grammar School and St Mary’s College in London. The family lived in Henley until 1873, when his father sold the Union Brewery and used the profits to purchase the Anchor Brewery in Peckham, London.  When Frederick (Sr) went bankrupt, the family moved to the West Midlands, settling in Acock’s Green by 1880.

It was here that Frederick is shown in his first employ, as an accountant.  While in Birmingham he was the forward to the Acock’s Green Star football (soccer) club.  His younger brother Ernest was the captain.

In 1883 Frederick made the life-changing decision to emigrate to Canada. It is believed his brother George joined him.  The duo first settled in Winnipeg.  In an interview done years later, he said that he moved to Victoria after experiencing winter there. Once in Victoria he began using the spelling of Pauline.  There are no explanations as to why the “e” was added.

Frederick’s first job was as a reporter for the Victoria Colonist.  He then returned to accountancy, working first for S Leiser, then to J Piercy & Co on Yates Street.  He then went into partnership with Piercy.  It was a wholesale dry goods business.

On the 18th of March 1890 Frederick married Charlotte Mary Mesher, the daughter of George Mesher, a contractor in Victoria.  Together they had three children: Frederick Charles (1891-1948), Francis Hugh (1895-1896) and Oliver William (1898-2000).

In 1911 Frederick retired from his dry goods business and went into politics.  He first served on Victoria City Council, and the Board of Trade.  In 1916 he was elected member of the Legislative Assembly as a Liberal, for Saanich.  While MLA and during the First World War, he served on a commission of inquiry into the BC provincial elections.  This necessitated a visit to BC soldiers serving overseas in 1917.  In 1920-22 he served as deputy speaker for the Legislature, and from 1923-24 he was the speaker.

In 1925 Mount Curly on the British Columbia/Alberta Border was renamed Mount Pauline in his honour.  That same year he was named BC Agent General in London, a post he held until 1931.  Frederick then settled down to a second retirement.

He died on the 30 June 1955, and is buried in Ross Bay Cemetery.


Scottish Field, December 1930.  (30 Oct 2012)

Reading Mercury, Victoria Colonist


BCGNIS – Mount Pauline

Oxon Brews: The Story of Commercial Brewing in Oxfordshire by Mike Brown, Longfield, Brewing History Society, 2004.

Birth, Marriage, Death certificates

UK Census 1871-1881

Canadian Census 1891-1911


Dictionary of Family Biography – Frederick Paulin (1831-1918)

Dictionary of Family Biography

fred paulin

Frederick Paulin(e)

Frederick Paulin (1831-1918) was born the 5th of August 1831 in Henley-on-Thames, England.  He was the son of George Paulin, hairdresser, and his wife Sarah Clements.  He was their second child, and only son.  His sister Sarah Ann was born in 1829.  He used the spelling Pauline from 1888 until his death.

There is no direct evidence that Frederick had any formal education, however there are indications that he did.  There was a grammar school in Henley, and George Paulin was very prosperous, and could have afforded to send his only son to school.  Frederick was literate, and in his later years worked as an accountant.

In the 1851 UK census Frederick was still living with his parents on Bell Street in Henley, working both as a hairdresser and as a malting agent.  In 1860 he was living in Regent’s Park, London working as a brewer.

It is unclear when or how Frederick moved to London and met Mary Cutler, the daughter of the late John Cutler, gentleman, and his wife Louisa Freak.  On the 30th of September Mary gave birth to their first child, Louisa Mary Paulin Cutler, in St Pancras, London.  The birth certificate is a combination of fiction and fact, listing the father as Frederick Cutler, brewer.  There is no information as to why the couple were not married at this time, or if they lived together.  They eventually married the 10th of February 1861, at St Pancras Church.  The couple moved back to the Henley area, living across the Thames in Remenham, with Mary’s mother Louisa, and her half-brother Edward.  In 1871 the family was living near Frederick’s parents on New Street in Henley.  Through the 1860s and early 1870s Frederick was the owner of the Union Brewery and pub.  He was also the licensee of the Rifle Beerhouse.  At this time it appears that his father George also owned two pubs, which he leased out: the Everley House and the Halfway House.

The family continued to grow.  In addition to Louisa and Frederick (Jr), Frederick and Mary had a further seven children: George (1863-1921), Ernest (1864-1912), Herbert (1866-1931), Bessie (1868-1947), Amy (1869-1931), Florence (1871-1950) and Violet (1873-1956).

During his years in Henley, Frederick had a very active social life.  There is an account in the Oxford Journal (8 July 1854) which puts Frederick rowing for Henley in the Henley Regatta for the Challenge Cup.  Wargrave beat his team.  Through the 1860s and early 1870s Frederick was an active member of the Henley Elocution Society, as well as the Henley Reading Chess and Music Society.

At the end of 1873 Frederick sold his brewing business and with the proceeds and a loan from his father, bought the Anchor Brewery in Peckham, London.  This must have been seen as an opportunity to serve a larger market, and was not located in an unknown area, as his mother-in-law, who still lived with the family had a number of nieces and nephews living nearby.  The family moved there and began their new venture.  In June Louisa Cutler died in Peckham, and in October they welcomed their 10th child, Sarah (aka Sally or Sadie) (1874-1959).

In July 1874 Frederick declared bankruptcy.  The family then moved to the West Midlands.  In 1875 Frederick was a brewer in Tipton, and in November that year their eleventh child, Marion (aka Polly) (1875-1958) was born in Prince’s End.  John Paulin (1877-1923) was born in Gospel End, and their last child Nellie (1879-1954) was born in Acock’s Green, in Birmingham.  The family appears to have settled down, and lived in a home they called “Henley Lodge” on the Yardley Road in Acock’s Green.  Frederick was now working as an accountant.  It appears that they family made a comfortable living, as in 1881 the family employed a domestic servant.

By the 1880s, his older children were coming into adulthood.  Frederick (Jr) and Ernest were both employed as accountants/clerks.  In 1883 Frederick (Jr) and George Paulin emigrated to Canada.  They were followed in 1886 by Ernest and his new wife Emma, and Herbert. They all settled in Victoria, British Columbia.

Frederick went to his father and sold him annuities his wife had inherited from her mother.  He put up part of his eventual inheritance from his father as security.  The £5000 funded the move of the rest of the family to Victoria.  Ultimately the whole family moved to Canada except their eldest daughter Louisa, who had married Robert Rutherford that year, and decided to stay in Birmingham.

In Victoria, Frederick added the “e” to the end of his name.  He worked variously as an advertiser, real estate agent, secretary of the Turkish Bath, and an insurance agent.  By 1897 he had bought the Tod House in Oak Bay, and had set out to live the life of an English country gentleman.  He stopped working.  During his retirement he became and artist, and held exhibitions in Victoria.

Frederick died the 13th of June 1918, at the age of 87.  He died with an estate valued at $1 – the land was mortgaged, and he left no personal estate.  He is buried in Ross Bay Cemetery with his wife, who died in 1921.


Birth/Baptism certificates

UK Census – 1851-1881

Canadian Census – 1891-1911

Oxon Brews: The Story of Commercial Brewing in Oxfordshire by Mike Brown, Longfield, Brewing History Society, 2004.

British Columbia Estate documents, GR 1304, BC Archives

The London and Suburban Licensed Victuallers’ Hotel and Tavern Keepers’ Directory,London, Henry Downes Miles, 1874.

Fort Victoria Brick Project – City of Victoria Archives

City Directories – Henley-on-Thames, Birmingham, Victoria

Ross Bay Cemetery, BC

Reading Mercury, Oxford Journal, British Colonist, Berkshire Chronicle, and the Birmingham Daily Post

Ernest Pauline arrives, 1886

Colonist, 25 April 1886, page 3

San Francisco, April 23- Following are the Victoria passengers by the steamer Geo W Elder, which sailed from this port for Victoria and the Sound ports this morning: J Brealey, A Lewis, JS Antonellli, Mrs H Good, Mrs J Brown, Miss AE Jennings, Mrs HJ Foyle, Mr Cavendish, wife and child, JN March, T Sydney Dobbin, C Gardner, EA Ball, Mrs Bushby and daughter, Mrs Witzer, EA Pauline, Chas B Soff and wife, Leu Fun Sing, S Pettit, W Dufour, HH Hill, BF Ault, JAT Caton and wife, Mrs H O Teideman, Miss J Purkins, WH Pauline, W Dickenson and wife, HA Foyle, H Randall, CA Gould, AE Hill, J Hendry, T Higginson, Mrs EC Neufelder, Mrs EB Pauline [EA], Wm Lukey, Mr Manchester and wife, E Linchey, A Sproule.

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