Gilliandr's Blog

Random Historical, Social and Cultural Moments


British Columbia

Men’s Wages, Victoria, 1896

Victoria Daily Colonist, 1 July 1896

daily colonist 1896-7-1 - Colonist sexist ad

A Guarantee

Having added to our staff an A1 Lithographer, we are now in a better position than ever to guarantee work equal to the best known Eastern offices.  Try us……

We employ Men and Pay Men’s wages.

A fair profit is all we ask, and we do nothing but first-class work.  Visiting cards from copper plates or stone.

The Colonist,

Victoria, BC


New Life for Droopy Hairdos, Victoria, 1964

Daily Colonist, 12 January 1964

New Life for Droopy Hairdos….

We’re in the mood to discourse on permanents today … mainly because we’ve had so many over the years… and have finally found one that doesn’t start off by looking so stiff and set that you tell people “it’ll soften out after the next shampoo” … or conversely, so soft that it’s practically non-existent and the next shampoo is all that’s needed to brush it off completely… we got a very superior permanent at the House of Glamour several weeks before Christmas… known as a body permanent, in that it doesn’t really make your hair curly but holds line and shape, which is what all the new hair styles consist of….in fact curls, as such, are dead as a dodo… we’re completely happy with it, and think you would be too… another plus about the House of Glamour’s permanents… they’re comfortable and fast… you recline in a comfortable chair, sipping coffee and scanning the latest magazines… and first thing you know you’re finished and looking more excitingly glamorous than you ever though possible… or leaving glamour aside, certainly beautifully and smartly groomed… a nice way to start this nice new year would be a House of Glamour permanent, and a new hair style by Danny, or one of his award-winning stylists at the House of Glamour, 655 View St

Diary of Frederick Arthur Paulin, 1883

New page!!!!

The Paulin reunion has come and gone, and I am now going through some of the material that has been shared with me.  Today I am posting a new page, a transcription of the diary that Frederick Arthur Paulin(e) kept between 1883 and 1887.  This period encompasses his immigration from Birmingham to Winnipeg, then his move to Victoria.  In Victoria he undertook several jobs including working in a cannery, and as an accountant.  The period also included the move of his siblings George, Ernest and Herbert to Victoria.



Kathleen Paulin obituary, 1914

Victoria Times, 24 March 1914


A sad loss has been sustained by one of the best-known families in Victoria by the passing away of little Kathleen Mary Paulin, who died this morning at the early age of eleven years.  The little girl was the only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Paulin, of 566 Michigan Street, her father being well-known as the organist of Christ Church cathedral.  Mrs. Paulin, who was a daughter of Captain Nicholls, represents another family prominent in the annals of Victoria, and the little girl herself was born in this city and had a wide circle of friends who will learn with sorrow of her untimely death.  She had been ill for a year, but had from time to time given hopes of recovery, through her end was not totally unexpected.  The funeral will take place on Wednesday afternoon at 2.15 from the house, service being conducted at the cathedral at 2.30.  The internment will be in Ross Bay cemetery, and the BC Funeral company has charge of the arrangements.

Obit – Mary Cutler Pauline, 1921

Victoria Times, 7 August 1921, page 9


Mrs. Mary Pauline died last night

Mother of Saanich MPP called by death at ripe age


A well-known Victoria family has suffered its second bereavement within a few weeks in the death of Mrs. Mary Pauline, widow of the late Frederick Pauline, who passed away last night at the residence of her daughter Mrs. CF Gardiner, 1020 Fairfield Road.

The late Mrs. Pauline was born in Kew, England, and was 84 years 7 months old at the time of her death.  She had been a resident of this city for the last thirty-four years, and was esteemed by a wide circle of old-time friends.  One of her sons, George Pauline, the organist, pre-deceased her some days ago and the shock of his death undoubtedly hastened her end.

She is survived by three sons, FA Pauline, MPP for Saanich; Herbert W and JA Pauline of Victoria, also seven daughters, Mrs. Goodwin, Mrs. CP Gardiner, Mrs. GA Gardiner, Mrs. H Short, Mrs. RH Williams, Mrs. (Capt.) Le Praik, and Mrs. DL Hickey of this city.  The remains will repose at the BC Funeral Chapel until Wednesday morning, when they will be conveyed to the residence of Mrs. CF Gardiner, 1020 Fairfield Road, from where the funeral will leave at 10.45, proceeding to Christ Church Cathedral for the services at 11 o’clock.  Internment will be made in the family plot at Ross Bay Cemetery.

mary paulin and kid
Mary Paulin and child, circa 1860-70s, c. Kathleen Paulin

Mr Pauline leaves for London Post, 1925

Victoria Colonist, 8 Feb 1925, page 5

Mr. Pauline leaves for London Post

Agent-General Confident of Future Progress

Will confer with Canadian Prime Minister and Federal Cabinet at Ottawa

Accompanied by his wife and son, Oliver, and Mrs. EA Thaw, his sister-in-law, Mr. FA Pauline, the newly appointed Agent-General for British Columbia, left on yesterday’s steamer for Vancouver en route for London, England, where he will take up his new duties at British Columbia House.  Mr. Pauline and party will travel via the Canadian National Railways to Ottawa, where he will meet Rt Hon Mackenzie King, Canadian Prime Minister, and members of the Federal Cabinet, before proceeding to New York, from which port he will sail on February 14.

The new agent-general was optimistic regarding the industrial and commercial future of British Columbia, and reiterated his intention to bring into being a closer union between British markets and producers of this Province.  He would also strive to develop greater interest among British financial men and British Columbia resources and potentialities.

On leaving Victoria to take up my duties as Agent-General in London, I wish to express my best thanks for the many kindnesses received by myself and my family from the people of British Columbia,” said Mr. Pauline, before boarding his ship.  “I desire to extend to them all my best wishes for their welfare, both now and in the future.”

All Souls Day, Victoria, 1888

Victoria Colonist, 1 November 1888, page 3

Local Briefs

This being All Soul’s Day, services for the dead will be held in St Andrew’s pro-cathedral at 8 and 10:30 am, and 7 o’clock pm.

The steward of the Royal Hospital thanks Mrs Thos Earle for a parcel of books; Messrs Waitt & Co for a parcel of reading matter.

Alexander III, Czar of Russia recently surprised the workmen in a cannon foundry at Peterhoff by lifting a mass of steel weighing 660 pounds.

“Jubilee Juggins,” the young English plunger, whose real name is Benson, has reached the end of his money, and is living now on an allowance of $20 a week.  He got rid of $20,000,000 in two years.

Nothing can be worse than going about all day with damp feet.  Ladies may save themselves a great deal of ill health by buying a pair of Wallkenfaust cork-sole boots at AB Erskine’s, corner of Government and Johnson Streets.

A movement is on foot at Westminster to form a society for the protection of fish and game, and the introduction of species of such game birds as quail and pheasants.  Mr. Ladner, MPP, offers to head a society list with ten members from Delta.

A feature of the Presbyterian Church concert of Monday evening which we inadvertently omitted to make mention of at the time, was the artistic and finished manner in which Mr. George Pauline acted as accompanist for Mrs. Harris.  Mr. Pauline is certainly a pianist of no mean merit.

A Paulin Family Puzzler – wherefore art thou dear Rutherfords? 2018


When the Paulin family left Birmingham in the 1880s, they left a member behind.  Louisa Mary Paulin, eldest daughter of Frederick Paulin and his wife Mary Cutler, had just married Robert Rutherford in 1888 when her parents decided to make the trip to join her brothers: Frederick, George, Ernest and Herbert, in Victoria, BC.  The couple chose to stay.  No reasons have been passed down through the family grapevine.

In the 1891 census the couple were living in Birmingham.  Robert was the manager of the Conservative Club, Temple Row, and his wife was the housekeeper.  [1] In April 1889 their first child, George Frederick Andrew was born.[2] In September 1892, his sister Louise Mary Pauline was born. [3] Louise senior died soon afterwards.  The family broke apart.

The 1901 census shows that both children were living away from their father.  George was boarding with Louise Shearman, the principal of a private school in Acock’s Green. [4/5]   Louise was living with her grandmother Barbara in Newcastle. [6] Robert was an innkeeper in Thropton, Northumberland [7].

I will concentrate my attention now on George’s life.  I have found researching him a bit of a challenge.  In 1911 George was living in Morpeth, Northumberland, working as a shifting and commercial agent. [8] Two years later he was living in Victoria, BC.  That year he married Beatrice Friar, who was originally from Northumberland.  She was 28. [9]

It would seem that the couple met when they were in England, as on their marriage certificate Beatrice uses an English address as her residence, while George says he lives at the Ritz Carlton (fancy!).  Her origins in Northumberland, where his father was from, and where he had lived in 1911 is also a clue. Unlike so many of the other family weddings in Victoria, there were no mentions in the local newspaper.

Two years later, the couple are still living in Victoria.  He had worked as a civil servant at the time of his marriage; in 1915 in his attestation papers he states he was working as an agent.  He lists his wife Beatrice as next of kin. [10] His attestation and service records provide the most information on his life.  According to the records he and Beatrice had two children: Dorothy Constance Louise Rutherford, born in 1914, and Robert George Shearman Rutherford born in May 1915. I cannot find any  birth or baptism information on the two children in British Columbia.

His service records also show how the family began moving around.  Beatrice is first listed at an address in Foul Bay, Victoria, then in early 1916 she is listed living with Mrs Egan in Glendale, California, and finally in September 1916 she is living in Brighton, Sussex.  These addresses were kept as she was paid a portion of George’s salary in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, while he was away. A record of crossing in Vermont was found to support the family coming back into Canada in 1916 [11].  George’s Canadian war record is rather slim, it appears Private Rutherford was stationed in England, and in September 1917 he transferred to the Territorial Army, and his story disappears from this record group.  He survived the war, after serving with the Royal Sussex Regiment.  He left as a captain. [12] I found his medal cards.

And what next?  I am at a loss to know his movements.  I am only sure of a few things concerning George – he had a daughter named Pauline Theresa Scarlett Neville Rutherford in January of 1934 with a lady named Dorothy Susan Neville Upton [13], he was a patient at Banstead Hospital in Surrey in 1939 (which said he was a law clerk, and married – but his wife was not in hospital so answers are not there) [14] and he died in December 1952 in Surrey. [15] His son Robert was living in Cardiff in 1939, and working as a motor mechanic and garage hand, he was 15, and he was not living with family members. [16]

I can find no death or divorce papers for Beatrice Friar Rutherford in either British Columbia or England.  I can find no marriage to Dorothy Neville Upton.  Ancestry’s various family trees go as far as saying she is his wife.  At this time I cannot prove it.

So here is my puzzle all laid out.  I have some information, and some clues.  Then a lot of blanks.  I imagine if I purchase his death certificate I might get a few more answers…. but not all.



[1] UK, 1891 Census Birmingham.

[2] Baptism Certificate, Ancestry

[3] Baptism Certificate, Ancestry

[4] UK, 1901 Census, Acock’s Green

[5] [Private Schools in Acock’s Green]

[6] UK 1901 Census, Newcastle

[7] UK 1901 Census, Thropton, Northumberland

[8] UK 1911 Census, Morpeth, Northumberland

[9] Marriage Certificate, Victoria, BC., 1913.

[10] Library and Archives Canada, RG 150 Accession 1992-93/166 Box 8567-8, Item 606944

[11] List or manifest of alien passengers applying for admission, Victoria, 1916

[12] National Archives, British Army Medal Index Cards, WO372/17


[14] 1939 Register, Findmypast

[15] England and Wales, Death index

[16] 1939 Register, Findmypast




Calling all Paulin(e)s and Paulin(e) descendants! Reunion 2019

Mary and Frederick Pauline at Tod House, circa 1892, c. BC Archives.


I have decided to do it!  I am putting out a call for all descendants of Frederick and Mary Paulin(e) to assembly in July 2019 in Victoria, BC.

Exact details are yet to be worked out, including specific dates in July, but I am hoping that many will be interested in coming to BC, and seeing the place where the family lived for so many years, and meeting up with all of the various cousins.  I am asking that all who are interested in attending to please contact me so I can go about organising some events, notably a gathering at the Tod House to recreate the family photo from 1892 of the gang on the porch, also a dinner or BBQ depending on numbers, and tours of the Oak Bay area, and maybe the legislature.

Children of Frederick and Mary Paulin(e)

  • Louise Mary Paulin


  • Frederick Arthur Paulin


  • George Pauline


  • Ernest Alfred Paulin


  • Herbert William Pauline


  • Bessie Pauline


  • Amy Pauline


  • Florence Pauline


  • Violet Pauline


  • Sarah Pauline


  • Marion Pauline


  • John Albert Pauline


  • Nellie Pauline



So please contact me, and tell me if you are interested….






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