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Twelfth of July, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Daily Star, 11 July 1877, page 2

Twelth of July

The responsible heads of the Orange Society have agreed to rescind the resolution on the books of the order to celebtrate the Twelfth of July by a public demonstration.  While reserving the Society the right of parading, they yield to the representations made them by a deputation of the City Council and of members of the various national and benevolent societies, and waive what they consider a right in favour of proceeding quietly and unobtrusively to Knox Church on Thursday, there to commemorate their festival.  The action taken by the Orange order is worthy of all praise.  They have listened to the voice of reason, and resolved to act as good citizens, to refrain from anything that would look like a challenge to those who oppose their existence, and to conduct their celebration, in short as becomes peacable and respectable members of a community, respecting the feelings and prejudices of their fellows of different faith or opinion. The thanks of the city are due to the Orangemen in the present instance.  By the exercise of self denial and a moderation of view they have arrived at a decision which certainly will save the city the scenes of violence and disorder which it had reason to anticipate, not at the hands of the Orangemen, but of those who opposed them, for their walking of itself would be a harmless matter.  They have chosen the better part, and for their wise and patriotic conduct they are deserving the commendable approval of the community.  They have, through their representatives at the meeting of last night, expressed a desire to live in a spirit of unity with their brethren of another creed and faith; let us hope that something beneficial will come of their amicable advances in this direction.

The conduct of the Orangemen in the present emergency contrasts more than favourable with the attitude of the Irish Catholic Union, a secret society of the class condemned by the Church.  The Orangemen gave way, not because they were afraid of the armed sections of the Union, but because of their respect for law and order, and of the rights of property.  The Union has maintained its position of menacing hostility throughout, and up to the last moment almost, Mr Devlin, who may be said to have spoken its intentions, prophesied bloodshed. He could not have spoken confidently in advance, if he did not know what the men who have been buying arms and ammunition intended to do.  If, as Mr Devlin in his speech has more than intimated, that the Irish Catholic Union is an organization bound to enforce its opinions by riot and bloodshed, and there is no such thing as getting over the full significance of his remarks, then it is a body of the most dangerously lawless character, worthy of no sympathy at the hand of any good citizen. Upon it, in the event of hostilities, on Thursday, (now rendered improbable) would have devolved all the responsibility, and upon the authorities would have fallen the necessity of extirpating it.  Such an order has no reason of existence in a community like ours, and the sooner those who are its moving spirits learn that they will not be permitted to inaugurate a reign of terrorism unchecked, the better will it be for themselves. We feel pretty sure that the honor and dignity of the Irish Catholic people require no such defence as this organization, revolver-armed, pretends to offer.

No Procession on the 12th, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Daily Star, 11 July 1877, page 1

No Procession on the 12th

The Orangemen Patriotically Accede to the Request of their Fellow Citizens and Abandon the Procession in the Interest of Peace

A great weight has been lifted off the city by the patriotic conduct of the Orange body in acceding to the request of their fellow citizens, and abandoning , for this year, at least, their intention of walking to the church in procession on the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne.  This resolution was not arrived at until a few minutes before midnight last night, and the deepest anxiety was manifested by large numbers of citizens who congregated in several places to know the result.  At St Patrick’s Hall the largest gathering with [illegible] and the heads of the Irish Societies were in session until a late hour.  The course that has been pursued reflects honor upon all concerned.  The sp[illegible] of wise concession and forbearance showed by the Orangemen deserve the highest recognition, and the Roman Catholics were among the first last night to acknowledge the spirit of conciliation that was manifested in the resolution arrived at.  Every one looked forward to serious trouble, if not loss of life if the procession took place, and the feeling that was prevailed for some time past in this community has been a profoundly painful one.  Much of the happy result accomplished is owing to the wise and moderate con [illegible] pursued by the leaders of the Irish societies, who suggested and succeeded in getting truly representative meeting yesterday [illegible] all our National Societies. The sensible speeches of those gentlemen, who met in the parlour of the St Lawrence Hall, and notably the observations of the chairman, could not fail to have effect in averting what was looked forward to as a civil war. Our city has been spared scenes of riot and disorder that would have fallen upon her like a nightmare.  Good sense has prevailed, and citizens now look forward to a long continuance of that peace, harmony and good will that should always prevail among a people and by the ties of a common Christianity and citizenship.  The matter has been acquitted in such a form that both sides can co[illegible] shake hands over the result, and no feeling of triumph or defeat be felt on either side.

We stated in last evening’s issue that the meeting in the St Lawrence Hall passed a resolution earnestly among the Orangemen to give up the procession.  This result was communicated to the leaders of the Orange Society by a deputation and a copy of the resolution signed by all the representatives of National Societies, [illegible] added to Colonel Smith and Mr Grant the latter County Master and Chairman [illegible] the mass meeting of Orangemen which was being held in the Orange Hall. These gentlemen promised to lay it before the meeting without delay and return as early as possible with an answer. The signers remained in session awaiting an answer, and the reports from time to time that arrive, up to the last kept up the most painful anxiety to know the result. At 11:45 pm all felt as if they could breath freely, as an advance courier armed with the pleasing news that the resolution was carried (although by a narrow majority) to abandon the idea of  having a procession.  Messrs. Grant and Smith followed soon after as the ambassadors of peace and evidently well pleased to come in that capacity.  The meeting to receive the report took place at once, with Mr Devlin in the chair.  The following is the substance of what occurred.

Mr Grant said there had been a large attendance of the membership of the order, who after discussion had come to a resolution, which had been carried by a small majority, not to make a public demonstration.  The committee would be served with an exact copy of the resolution which had been arrived at. The society reserved their right to march when they pleased, but there would be no procession on the 12th of July this year. The members would proceed to church about half past eleven and trusted that there would be no disturbance or endeavour to hinder them in the charge of their privilege and duty of going to church.

Col Smith said that he had only to say that this decision had been arrived at after earnest deliberation upon the requests of the societies. They had determined to give way but reserved their right to go to church. He trusted the societies would now do their duty and see that the Orangemen were not molested. The society had acted in deference to the wishes of their fellow citizens.

Mr Grant said he ought to state that a deputation from the City Council had this day waited on the Orangemen which had tended in a great measure to influence their decision.

Mr Devlin said it was only necessary for him to say that he congratulated the societies on the result which had been arrived at, which was calculated to sustain and continue the friendly feeling which had existed for years.  He regarded the result, not as a triumph of party, but as a triumph of peace, good will and fellowship, and as such he regarded it.  He would announce the result at another meeting this evening.  All might rest assured that the proceedings throughout had been conducted with good will as tending to the prosperity of the Dominion and of the city of Montreal.

Col Smith said that in light of the society had acted in the interest of peace and good will.

Mr Devlin said he considered the best thanks of the committee and of the citizens generally were due to the gentlemen who had waited upon the committee, and also to all who had cooperated towards this good result. The Irish Catholic societies did not desire to triumph over Protestants, but were actuated by desires for the best interests of the whole country.

Mr Kerry, St George’s Society, said before the meeting separated it ought to thank the gentlemen of the Orange Society present for the interest they had taken in the matter.  He thought a vote of thanks should be passed to them for their kind offices.

Mr McMaster, of the Irish Protestant Benevolent Society, in seconding the motion, said he had no doubt that the gentlemen had made many personal sacrifices for the peace of the city.

Several gentlemen having spoken in this sense.

Col Smith thought that the vote should be passed to the society generally.

Mr Kerry said he should be glad to amend his motion in that sense.

The motion having been carried.

Col Smith, in acknowledging it, said he hoped after all this would be considered brethren.  The meeting adjourned.

Irish Protestant Benevolent Society’s Picnic & Games, Montreal, 1880

Montreal Gazette, 22 September 1880, page 2

The Irish Protestant Benevolent Society’s Picnic and Games

The Shamrock Lacrosse Grounds were well filled early in the day, yesterday, but the friends of the Irish Protestant Benevolent Society, despite the threatening and stormy appearance of the sky. The programme contained a large number of events, which had been so drawn up as to afford gratification to all classes of the community, and the only drawback to the complete success of the day, was its extreme length.  A description of the various contests would occupy more space that we can devote to it, and we simply summarise:

Croquet – Open to ladies only – Mrs James L Wisemen, 1st; Miss M Maltby, 2nd

Second game – Mrs H Horne, 2st; Miss L Horne, 2nd.

Quoits – A Tattersall, 1st; R Rowland, 2nd.

Mile Race (open) – John Raine 1st; DA Wood, 2nd; George Irving, 3rd.

Mile Race – Amateur – George Maclaine 1st, OK Patton, 2nd.

150 yards dash – Amateurs – W Blaiklock 1st, D Tees 2nd.

Boys Race – C Henderson, 1st, J Henderson, 2nd

Boys Race (Indian) – This was a very amusing race, a youngster rejoicing in the name of Peter coming in first, closely followed by a juvenile who claimed Paul as his name.

Half-mile, open to members of St Patrick’s Benefit Society only – P Kiernan 1st, – Doyle second.

Half-mile, open to members of the Irish Protestant Benevolent Society- H Mooney 1st, DeCourcy Harnett 2nd, A Guest, 3rd.

Highland Fling, in costume – RP Niven 1st, AR Macdonald 2nd.

Irish Jig in costume- this was a very pretty exhibition, and required a good deal of discussion among the judges before a decision was reached. Grant took first prize, and Sullivan 2nd.

Sailor’s Hornpipe in costume – AR McDonald 1st; RP Niven 2nd.

Air Rifle competition – Sergt Millier, 19 points, 1st, SH Ward 17 points, 2nd.

Tug of war between 12 fresh-water sailors and 12 salt-water sailors- the fresh-water men proved themselves the more powerful team, winning two heats.

Lacrosse match

Was very interesting, some fine play being developed. The team of Indians who were pitted against the Shamrocks proved themselves worthy of their formidable antagonists, winning the first game after about twenty-five minutes of exciting play. The second game was taken by the Shamrocks in about five minutes, and the last game was called a draw, owing to a dispute which arose between two of the players.

The Indian Exhibit

Of national dances, marriage ceremonies, &c, proved a strong attraction, and the manner in which the “braves” howled and danced about was highly ludicrous.

The Military Competition

Was however, the most important event of the day, and the drilling of the four battalions which were [illegible] was a treat. Skirmishing drill, manual and platoon exercises were gone through in a manner which would have done credit to a regular troop.

St Patrick’s Day, Montreal, 1867

Ottawa Citizen, 18 March 1867, page 2.


From Montreal.

Montreal, 18th – The celebration of St Patrick’s Day so far has passed by quietly.  The turn-out has not been so large as in former years, the coldness of the weather probably deterring many from paying their tribute to the memory of their patron Saint.  After high mass the Rev Mr O’Brien, of Brockville, preached a most able discourse. The procession then reformed, and after marching through the principal streets of the city and through Griffintown, along the streets of which numerous arches had been erected, proceeded to the site of the new St Patrick’s Hall.  Here speeches were delivered by the President of the Society, B Devlin. His worship the Mayor, Dr Hingston and Father Dowd, after which Father Dowd proceeded to lay the corner stone.  After this was completed three cheers were given by Father Dowd, three for the St Patrick’s Hall, and three for Old Ireland.  General orders were issued to-day ordering every man to be in barracks and not to leave it after four o’clock. The Montreal Light Infantry and the Hochelagas are under orders to be ready for service if required, to be brigaded with the regulars. It is stated that Col Wolesely is to succeed Col McDougall as Adjutant-General of Militia.

Today is St Patrick’s Day, I must be Irish: Reflections of a multi-ethnic Canadian, 2015

thistle painting
I will admit to spending an inordinate amount of time thinking about identity. My academic interest, since my Master’s has been about how people of British origin Canada saw themselves, and expressed their identity through the public and religious lives. This has resulted in a great deal of self-reflection. If they said/did this to express themselves as Irish, English, etc. in the nineteenth-century, how do I relate this to how I, in my own life, express my various identities?

I am like everybody else, in that I have a large collection of identities which I pull out according to various situations. I am a Canadian, raised in Canada, in a predominantly culturally Canadian household. I was educated in Canadian schools. As a child I was able to watch Canadian television (at a time before Canadian content became a problem for Canadian broadcasters). I tend to think that my Canadian-ness underlies and informs all of my expressions of identity/

But I am also English. If the household was Canadian, it was also English, as my mother was English. Thanksgiving and Halloween were celebrated alongside Guy Fawkes. Christmas dinners had trifle, mince meat pies with the turkey and the yams. Wayne and Shuster and Second City’s airtime were joined by the Two Ronnies and Monty Python. And of course there were visits to family in England, and English family visits to Canada. There is a great familiarity and comfort with aspects of English culture, which make me feel very English.

But then, I am also Irish and Scottish by extraction. These identities don’t come specifically from growing up surrounded by Irish or Scottish culture, but rather an awareness nourished by my father that my paternal family was Irish and Scottish. The Irish culture was closest because Dad’s grandmother was irish , raised in an Irish-Montreal household, and who had lived for a time in Ireland after her marriage. The food, the music, the culture of Ireland was close to Dad, and this was passed on to his children. His Scottish heritage was more a touchstone, as that line had left Scotland 6 generations prior, but it was still important.

Since becoming an adult, and a historian, I have explored the history of my family, traced our journeys across from Scotland, Ireland and England, and have come to appreciate the places where they came from, the culture that they understood, and the immigration to the new world which changed their lives. I have also had the pleasure of living in Scotland for almost a year. I have connected to these aspects of my history, and embrace the identity of these peoples and places.

Each of these identities are a part of me, and on days like St Patrick’s Day I feel Irish, and honour my Irish-ness with a bit of green, on St Andrew’s Day I am Scottish, and eat haggis, and listen to bagpipes, on Guy Fawkes I light sparklers and recite the poem my Mother taught me, and on Canada Day I wave my flag enthusiastically and feel pride. I am all these identities at once, and singularly, depending on the day, on the place, on circumstances.

Wearin’ of the Green, Montreal, 1911

Montreal Daily Star, 17 March 1911, page 8

Poems in Honour of St Patrick’s Day

(Revised Version)
By RL Werry, Montreal

O, Paddy, dear, and did ye hear the news that’s goin’ round?
The Shamrock, once forbidden to be grown on Irish ground,
May on St Patrick’s Day be worn, as everywhere ‘tis seen.
For now there is no law agin the wearin’ o’ the green,
I met with naybor Roberts, and he took me by the hand:
Says he, I’m proud I’m Irish, don’t ye see now, where we stand?
Oh, the Irish are the bravest men the world have ever seen
And the Irish now are honored by the wearin’ of the green.


Oh, the wearin’ o’ the green is now
Approved by King and Queen-
Long may they reign and aye maintain
The wearin’ o’ the green.

Sure, Erin’s sons will ne’er forget the blood that they have shed
To guard old Britain’s colors dear, the white and blue and red:
So wear the Shamrock in your hat and plant it in the sod,
For now ‘twill grow and flourish, though once under foot was trod.
The Shamrock and the Union Jack will warm each Irish heart,
And we’ll fight and die ere from the dear old flag we’ll part;
We covet not the wealthy of lands that lie beyond the sea,
For rich and poor are equal ‘neath the flag of liberty.


O, brother Briton, should you be hard pressed on every hand,
You always can depend on us, in home or foreign land;
When enemies against you rise, no matter where they’re seen,
Your first and last defenders will be wearers of the green.
When man can stop the blades of grass from growing as they grow,
And when the leaves in summer time their verdure fail to show-
Then I will change the color that I wear in my caubeen,
And then forsake the Union Jack and the wearing of the green.

A Large Parade is Now Predicted for St Patrick’s Day, Montreal, 1911

Montreal Daily Star, 15 March 1911, page 19


Archbishop Bruchesi will Probably Join Procession as it Passes Cathedral

From present indications the change in hour of the annual St Patrick’s Day parade, instead of reducing the number of people participating in it, appears to have the effect of increasing interest. At least, such is the opinion of the marshals, who have received reports from the various parochial and national organizations as to the numbers in which they will be able to muster. It is found that even the remote parishes of the district will be able to send large representations to the parade.
Neither will there be any difficulty in securing music, as already ten bands have been engaged. The indications are therefore entirely favorable to a larger and more representative procession than usual. In fact, a record turnout is looked for.
His Grace Archbishop Bruchesi will officiate pontifically at High Mass in St Patrick’s Church. He will be assisted at the throne by Very Rev Canon O’Meara, pastor of St Gabriel’s: Rev JE Donnelly, pastor of St Anthony’s and Rev Luke Callaghan DD pastor St Michael’s. the decons [sic] of the mass will be Rev ML Shea, pastor of St Aloysius; Rev Thomas F Heffernan, pastor of St Thomas Aquinas. The sermon will be preached by Rev Thomas F Burke, CSP of New York.
It is probably that His Grace the Archbishop will view the procession as it passes the Cathedral and will likely join in and proceed with to the church.

Poems in Honour of St Patrick’s Day, Montreal, 1911

Montreal Daily Star, 17 March 1911, page 8


Poems in Honour of St Patrick’s Day





There came to the beach a poor exile of Erin

The day on his thin robe was heavy and chill,

For his country he sigh’d when at twilight repairing

To wander alone by the wind-beaten hill;

But the day-star attracted his eyes sad devotion,

For it rose o’er his own native Isle of the ocean,

Where soon, in the fire of his youthful emotion,

He sang the bold anthem of Erin go bragh


Oh, said is my fate! Said the heart-broken stranger,

The wild deer and wolf to a covert may flee;

But I have no refuge from famine and danger,

A home and a country remain not to me:

Ah! Never again in the green shady bowers

Where my forefathers liv’d shall I spend the sweet hours,

Or cover my harp with the wild-woven flowers,

And strike the sweet numbers of Erin go bragh.


Oh! Erin, my country, tho’ sad and forsaken,

In dreams I revisit thy sea-beaten shore,

But, alas! In a far foreign land I awaken

And sigh for the friends who can meet me no more

Ah! Cruel fate! Wil though never replace me

In a mansion of peace where perils can chase me?

Ah! Never again shall my brothers embrace me!

They died to defend me or live to deplore!


Oh! Where is my cabin door, fast by the wild wood?

Sisters and sirs, did you weep for its fall?

Oh! Where is the mother that look’d on my childhood?

And where is the bosom friend, dearer than all?

Ah! My sad heart long abandon’d by pleasure,

Why didst though doat on a fast-fading treasure?

Tears like the rain-drop play fall without measure,

But recapture and beauty they cannot recall!


But yet, all its sad recollections, suppressing,

One dying wish my lone bosom shall draw,

Oh! Erin! An exile bequeaths his blessing!

Dear land of my forefathers, Erin go bragh!

Oh! Buried and cold, when heart stills its motion

Green be thy fields, sweetest isle of the ocean,

And thy harp-striking bards sing aloud with devotion

Oh! Erin, mavoureen! Erin go bragh!


                        Thos Campbell




Whatever fate has stored for me,

I hold no greater pride on earth,

Than I bear an Irish name

And know I am of Irish birth!


                                    Annie Alley

                                    (Charlottetown, PEI)




Oh, tell me, will I ever win to Ireland again,

Ashore from the far North-West?

Have we given al the rainbows, and green woods an’ rain

For the sun an; the snows of the West?

Them that goes to Ireland must travel night an’ day,

An’ them that goes to Ireland must sail across the say,

For the len’th of here to Ireland is half for the world away-

An’ you’ll lave your heart behind you in the West

Set your face for Ireland,

Kiss your friends in Ireland,

But lave your heart behind you in the West.


On a dim an’ shiny mornin’ the ship she comes to land,

Early on, early in the mornin’,

The silver wathers o’ the Foyle go slidin’ to the strand,\

Whisperin’ ye’re welcome in the mornin’

There’s darkness on the holy hills I know are close aroun’

But the stars are shinin’ up the sky, the stars are shinin’ down

They make a golden cross abouve, they make a golden crown,

An’ meself could tell ye why- in the mornin’

Sure an’ this is Ireland,

Thank God for Ireland

I’m coming back to Ireland the mornin’

                                    Moira O’Neill


Home Rule for Canada, Montreal, 1911


Montreal Daily Star, 16 March 1911, page 3




Home Rule forCanada




Home Rule forIrelandis as definitely assured as anything can be which is subject to the uncertainties and cross-currents of politics.  There is to-day a large majority in the British Parliament pledged to see it through.


As we took occasion to say a few weeks ago, the satisfaction of the Irish demand ofGreat Britaincan afford to daily with no longer.  In these critical times, they must win the loyal and hearty friendship of the Irish race, both at home and abroad.  This now plain enough to every Imperial statesman whose vision is as far-flung as the boundary line.  We have seen even the Unionist party coquetting with the idea; and such outcry as we still hear is intended to save the House of Lords than to deny Ireland.


And through the long years, the Irish race has toiled for it, and suffered and sacrificed: has stood solidly together like an unshaken brotherhood- despite natural differences of opinion between leaders on occasion- and has fought through fair and foul weather with untiring pluck, with patience, unflinching perserverance and an unquenchable loyalty to the Old Land, which the rolling between of the Seven Seas could never drown out in the heart of the exile, constitute a price which an purchase the dearest wish of a race, then the Irish people have bought Home Rule with their tears and with their unfaltering fidelity.


They have never for a moment abandoned hope.  They have never accepted defeat.  They have believed in the justice of their cause as they have believed in their God; and no race known to history has been truer to religion and fuller of a deathless love for native land than the race which was cradled between the Giant’s Causeway andBantryBay.




But to-day the scene is changed.


It is the simple truth that Home Rule forCanadais more in danger than Home Rule forIreland.


The people ofGreat Britainare on the point of yielding to reason to unwearying appeal, and to the invincible logic of the international situation.  The people of theUnited States, on the other hand, have just been awakened to the wisdom of applying reason and possible “Invincible logic” to the task of coaxing or coercing us into a surrender of our Home Rule.


Irelandas a Nation is about to be born again. Canadaas a Nation may be approaching its last struggle for life.


In each case, we are a small people under the shadow of a great neighbor.  In each case, we have a national history of our own reaching back into the heroic ages of glorious deeds and great men.  In each case, we have a fervent national spirit to be extinguished, a pride of country to be humbled, a belief in our high destiny to be broken.


Canadastands to-day whereIrelandstood before she was absorbed by the larger nation.  We are free; we have our own Parliament; we make our own laws; we are conscious of our separate nationality; we are proud of our past and passionately optimistic about our future.




But Irishmen know how little all that availed them, with a blind or bought Parliament trifling with their destinies, and a rich and covetous neighbor fearful of the results of leaving them with their independent existence.


When a great and powerful nation, possessing all the resources of wealth and all the allusements for weak men within the gift of a strong central government, casts its eyes upon a smaller, feebler and poorer neighbor, and decides that its territory would nicely round out the domain of the ‘big fellow,’ and hour of imminent peril has struck the weaker country.


It does not matter very much how the first approaches are made.  It is wholly a question of intention.  Any road will do to travel when a burly thief can induce an unarmed stripling to enter it in his dangerous company.


If the Americans mean Annexation, they may as well begin by merging our markets for natural products into one as in any other way.  That is at the present time following the line of least resistance; for it is the American market for our farmers, our fishermen and our lumbermen that the Reciprocity advocates of Canada have long sought.


But the heart of the matter lies in the purpose behind it all.  Was Champ Clark right? Does President Taft mean anything in particular when he constantly and insistently tells his people that “Canadais at the parting of the ways.”  Are the Americans like other people- like the British, the Germans, the Austrians, the Russians, the French, the Japanese?  Or are they too good to be human?  Have they none of the appetites which spur on the rest of the race?  Do they care nothing for expansion- for finding new markets- for making louder the scream of the Eagle?


These are the important questions; for if the Americans mean Annexation, then the fight of the future will not be for Home Rule forIreland, but Home Rule forCanada.




The Irish people know- as does every Polish exile or Hungarian patriot- what it means to see one’s Mother Country in the grasp of another, and to be told that one’s nationality has been extinguished forever.  They know the maddening humiliation, the unappeasable resentment, the furious hatred of the conqueror that this burning experience breeds.


It is not a loss to be counted in dollars or reduced to statistical tables.  It is not an injury that can be wiped out by material advantage.  There is no use talking to a proud people in such a position [illegible]


“inevitable destiny.” [illegible]


Century is the right to discover the [illegible]


It was not alone good government  they sought but Irish government.


Canadians may have [illegible]


With that point of view.  We may  [illegible]


Nationality ofCanadadenied and [illegible]


a distinct nation “pooh-poohed” [illegible]


in a position to judge for us what sort of government [illegible]


have; and Canadian common [illegible]


polite fashion as the crude and [illegible]


not fit to govern themselves [illegible]




GoverningCanadawill be a novelty atWashington; and everybody from Champ Clark to the delegate fromAlaska, may be expected to take a hand.  The good Canadian members will be those who accept the keynote fromWashingtonopinion; and the bad members will be the recalcitrant group who insist that Canadian opinion touching Canadian affairs should succeed.




To-day the long night of Irish discontent is closing.  The perseverance of the Irish race has won its reward.  But it must be remembered thatIrelandhas had two advantages in its long struggle which would be deniedCanadaif we were to be sent out into the Wilderness: -Irelandis an island and so a distinct geographical unit; and the Irish race is comparatively homogenous.


There is no natural boundary between the Dominion and the States of theUnionfor the greater part of the distance covered by the “imaginary line.”  There is no distinct Canadian race- not yet.  We are at best a blend of races which are possessed with a passion of patriotism for our new home.


We would be in the poorest possible position to keep up the fight for the recognition of the Canadian nation after we had once been submerged.  American interests and settlers would flow into our country; and millions would come who knew not the name ofCanada.  There would be nothing to mark offManitobafromMinnesotawhich did not separateMinnesotafromWisconsin.  Our nationality would be lost sight of; and we would become a tier of Northern States which had once been a Nation.


At the end of our “long night of discontent”- at the end of our century of travail- the day would not be dawning.  The sun of our nationality would have set forever.




The meaning of the loss of Home Rule is a matter upon which we cannot do better than consult our Irish fellow citizens.  They know what it means by experience.  Identity of language does not soften the suffering; nor does the excellence of the Parliamentary body, to whose care the disinherited people are committed, rectify the wrong.


No one surely will contend that the American Congress is a better governing body than the British Parliament.  No one will argue very seriously that it is half as good.  Yet the Irish were so thoroughly discontented with their treatment by this Mother of Parliaments that they have kept up an unceasing agitation for relief from its “benevolence.”  Are we likely to love Congressional rule any better?  Will we be more sympathetically governed fromWashingtonthan the Irish were fromWestminster?


We have our own way of doing things inCanada.  It may be right or it may be wrong; but we like it.  We prefer, as we said the other day, to have our judges appointed by the Dominion Government and not elected by the mob.  We prefer our court procedure and our methods of justice.  We prefer our municipal issues unmixed with Federal politics.  We do not covet the “Boss” system of American cities.  We prefer our treatment of the school question.  We prefer our toleration toward all religions.


Will we be allowed to keep these preferences when we have lost Home Rule?  Certainly not, so far as they are to be settled atWashington.  Every privilege which is defended by the Parliament atOttawa, or by the British North America Act, will be flung into the melting pot when that Parliament is wiped out- as was the Parliament that met inDublin-and the Charter of the Dominion torn up.


Roman Catholic schools will disappear.  The French tongue can no longer be spoken by our National Representatives.  Our marriage safeguards will be wiped out.  Our judges will be elected.  Our Cabinet system of responsible government will go.  The distinct development in popular rule- which we had hoped to make immortal under the name “Canadian” will be thrown upon the scrap-heap; and the effort to establish a free nation on the northern half of this continent will become one of the pathetic failures of history.




It is our belief that Home Rule forCanadais worth fighting for, and it is our conviction that the time to fight for it is before it is lost.


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