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Family History

Manitoba Scientist finds world’s largest dinosaur – 1925

Winnipeg Evening Tribune, 15 Jan 1925 page 1

Manitoba Scientist finds world’s largest dinosaur

Prof WE Cutler Makes big find in East Africa

Local man leading scientific Expedition for British Museum

Dinosaur located in Tendaguru Field

Prof WE Cutler of the faculty of the University of Manitoba, now leading a research expedition in British East Africa has found the largest dinosaur skeleton ever discovered, according to word received in Winnipeg today.

Prof Cutler’s scientific explorations are being conducted on behalf of the British Museum near Tendaguru, 69 miles north of Lindi, in Africa, where German scientists, before the War, found specimens of skeletons of gigantic pre-historic reptiles.

Prof Cutler left Winnipeg about eight months ago, going first to England, and sailing from there for Africa.  He had as chief assistant Mr. LSR Leakey, a Kenya-born Cambridge student, who preceded him to Africa to handle the transport and make general arrangements for the expedition.

Leakey back in London

Mr. Leakey has now returned to London with specimens, photographs and the story of the results to date.

Prof Cutler’s party took up the exploration work where the German scientists left off, and it is the opinion of members of the group now that the field work at Lindi had only been touched by the earlier efforts.

The dinosaur skeleton, parts of which the party has located, is from eight to 10 million years old, according to Prof Cutler’s opinion.  It has a probably height of 20 feet and an estimated length of 80 feet.  A shoulder blade, the largest bone so far unearthed, measured 74 inches across and needed 16 men to lift it.

Bones found

A femur measuring 65 inches and a tibia of 54 inches are among the other bones reclaimed.

Hundreds of dinosaur bones are being dug up by Prof Cutler, and discoveries of vast importance to the scientific world are expected shortly.

The presence of the giant reptiles at the spot at Tendaguru is attributed to drowning.  The subsoil there is soft clay.  In long forgotten ages it was, Prof Cutler believes, on the shore of the sea beside which the dinosaurs wandered in herds. Now and then one would step into clay too yielding for such a huge animal, sink and smother to death.

Prof Cutler, before he undertook the expedition, was laboratory assistant in the geological branch at Manitoba University.

He first came into prominence through his discoveries of fossil vertebrae in the Red River Valley.

wpg tribune image


Finds skeleton of big reptile

Prof WE Cutler

Prof Cutler, who is conducting the scientific explorations for the British Museum in East Africa, has found the “Largest Dinosaur” skeleton in history, Winnipeg friends learned today.


Linking to Royalty – Family History and the Regal touch, 2019


One of the criticisms leveled at genealogists has been that they are going back along their family’s lines to link themselves to nobility, and if possible to a King or Queen.  Of course a lot of the hate is directed at those people who don’t let facts get in the away of their regal narrative. And of course, there are people who do that, and those who take shortcuts in their research and connect to trees they aren’t actually related to in order to have it done with or associate with more illustrious kin.

The thing is there are some people who are actually related to royalty or nobility.  When you consider how long a time so many cultures have had some kind of nobility, factor in the number of generations, and the number of children each generation had, and that the nobility by virtue of their social and economic position had a better standard of living, and lived longer (except when they were murdered or fought wars), then you have a large group of people who potentially have royal blood – diluted, but there nonetheless.  Take for instance the number of celebrities on shows such as “Who do You Think You Are” or “Finding Your Roots” who do connect to royal lines…. Hilary Duff, Brooke Shields, Valerie Bertinelli, Maggie Gyllenahaal, Bill Hader, and the list goes on.  This is not a fluke.  Chances are pretty good that you are probably connected to someone of note – although being able to document this is a different story. 

“According to calculations made by Ian Mortimer in his biography of Edward III, somewhere between 80 and 95 per cent of the living English-descended population of England shares some ancestry with the Plantagenet kings of the 14th century and before. In other words, there’s a pretty good chance that you are, on some level, a Plantagenet.” []

This is just an English example, but could be said of most societies with nobility or royalty.  If you go back far enough, you can theoretically find them.

When I started researching my family’s history, I had this image of them as being mostly of the merchant class – or middling folk, and always on the lower rungs. We were also rather urban.  As far as I knew from what I had been told of the family’s origins were semi-skilled labourers, accountants, store keepers and the like.  And to be fair most of my research up to about 2014 confirmed this.  I even found a line which was filled with unskilled labourers, and had, up to the time of my great-grandmother been uneducated, illiterate, and operating on the lowest levels of industry.   By the mid-19th century though, most of my family were found to be occupied in jobs which required some education and some specialized skills or training. Then I found out differently.  I found one of my ancestors was the illegitimate daughter of a wealthy Norfolk landowner, and the story changed.

After a lot of research making sure that the person I knew to be my 5xs Great-Grandmother was really William Windham Sr’s daughter, I was able to connect into a fairly well-documented family tree that went back 21 generations to Thomas of Brotherton [1300-1338] who was the oldest son of Edward I and his second wife Marguerite of France.  Ye gads – a Plantagenet!  I was in shock, and rechecked my sources a ton of times to really be sure of this.  Yep, royalty.

Image from:

I didn’t go looking for royalty; I didn’t need Kings, Queens and Dukes to make my family’s story interesting.  My family was interesting already, but there they are.  And I now find myself among a large number of people who are descended from royalty.  I never expected this to have happened, and I am not sure where to take this.  I mean it is so damn cool, but…..   I am still more fascinated by my more recent ancestors. 


Grandfather’s cigarette case – questions

I have this cigarette case which belonged to my grandfather and I treasure it.  However, I do have some questions as to why he was presented this item.

First – an image of the item.


The case is a Birks silver case, with cedar lining.  I use it for the ink of my fountain pen – I don’t smoke.

The engraving says “Hugh J Leitch from the Town of Hampstead in appreciation of his services as alderman, 1948-1949”

Not that I doubt that he was a good alderman, but for his work as one for one year?  I believe that was the length of one term.  Why was he presented with a gift at the end of the work?  Did all the aldermen get presentation gifts?  Was this special? Was he elected as alderman?

This is the only evidence I have of him having any kind of political life. He did serve a year as Assistant Director General of Naval Shipbuilding, during the Second World War. Beyond that he was an engineer, then sales manager for Dominion Bridge.

A month ago I did make an inquiry at the archives for the municipality of Hampstead.  Patience is a virtue, so I await news.



Yardley Association for the Prosecution of Felons, Birmingham, 1839

Ari’s Birmingham Gazette, 1 April 1839 page 3

Yardley Association for the Prosecution of Felons

We, whose names are hereunder written, Members of the above Association, for the purpose of detecting and the more speedily and effectually bringing to justice any person or persons who shall commit any felony or robbery upon any of our persons or properties, have agreed, at our joint expense, to give the following rewards to any person on whose information any felon shall be taken and convicted, viz.

For every murder, highway robbery, burglary, housebreaking, or setting fire to any ricks or buildings, or stealing or maiming any horse, mare, or gelding, the sum of ten pounds.

For stealing any household furniture, plate, clothes or wearing apparel, horned cattle, sheep, or other cattle, the sum of five pounds.

For stealing any sort of grain, hay, straw, or clover, pigs, poultry or pigeons, robbing fish ponds, gardens or orchards, stealing implements of husbandry, iron-work, hooks or thimbles, or milking of cows, the sum of two pounds two shillings,

For stealing, destroying or injuring any crops of turnips, peas, beans, potatoes, cabbage, carrots, or other vegetables, gates, stumps, rails, pales or stiles, the sum of ten shillings.

For apprehending and convicting any person who shall buy or receive any goods or chattels, knowing them to be stolen, the sum of two pounds.

To every Turnpike Gate-keeper through whose information any such offender or offenders shall be apprehended, or stolen goods or cattle shall be recovered, the sum of two pounds five shillings.

And in all other cases such a reward as the majority of the members present at any annual meeting shall think fit.

Anderton, Thos Yardley                                 Jennings, Isaac

Anderton, William Aston                              Jones, Thomas

Ashmore, William                                             King, Edmund

Allday, Thomas                                                 King, Edward

Briscoe, Joseph                                                 Kennedy, Rev R

Bedfords, Mrs.                                                  Kemp, Richard

Brown, Joseph                                                  Lloyd, Francis

Colmore, Thomas                                             Mayou, John

Dolphin, John                                                    Mansfield, Thomas

Edwards, John                                                   Mudely, William York

Gunn, Samuel                                                    Nicholls, Joseph

Gwyther, Rev H                                                 Richards, Joseph Cary

Glover, Joseph                                                  Steedman, Benjamin

Holloway, Robert                                             Swinburne, Thomas

Homer, Henry                                                    Smith, Charles

Hipkiss, Mary                                                     Tomlinson, John

Hinks, John                                                         Tomlinson, Joseph

Harbourne —                                                     Tomkins —-

Hargrave, Robert                                              Waddell, William

Waddington, John

The members of this Association, and all other persons who are desirous of becoming Members of the same association, are desired to attend the annual meeting at the house of Mr. Kemp, the Bull’s Head, Hall Green, on Friday next the 20th day of April.

By order of the treasurer,

Colmore and Beale, Solicitors

NB Dinner on the table at two o’clock precisely.

Upcoming talk….. 2019

If anyone is interested I will be speaking at the BIFHSGO meeting this Saturday.  No admission – all welcome.

Monthly Meeting: June 8

The Chamber, Ben Franklin Place, 101 Centrepointe Drive, Ottawa, Ontario

10:00 to 11:30 am


A Dark Chapter in a Successful Life – Nigel Lloyd

Edward Lloyd, was one of the 19th Century’s most successful publishers and newspaper proprietors. His paper, Lloyds Weekly News, became the only newspaper in Britain to have a circulation of more than a million copies in the nineteenth century. This talk focuses on his private life: He had nineteen children by three different women. While sorting out these relationships, a dark chapter is revealed.

A Poor Racine – Mike Jaques

The Times newspaper in 1854 published an article about poverty in Bethnal Green, London, and made mention of “a poor Racine”.  Research to try to identify this Racine and determine whether he was a relative resulted in an unexpected discovery.

Finding Frances – Gillian Leitch

Wife of Jean Victor Baron and then John Inigo Wright, mother to Richard John Baron and John William Wright, daughter of Richard Guise and Elizabeth Windham, younger sister of Sarah Elizabeth Cutler: these have been the only ways of knowing Frances.  She has been an enigma.  Through a lot of research, spots of good luck and great help her identity and her life in late 18th and early 19th century London has become a “Great Moment” in research.

Family Fiction, Facts Found – Roberta (Bobby) Kay

Family stories often suffer the fate of the “telephone game”.  There is usually some truth in the family legends, but they morph and take on a life of their own over the generations until it is sometimes difficult to discern the real truth of the matter.  Unraveling the stories about the Swinn family of Lincolnshire produced just such twisted stories, interesting facts and delightful details.

JP Cuddy Jr Robbed? Montreal, 1895

La Presse, 6 August 1895, page 3

[English summary at end]

Cette Accusation de Vol

Contre Frank Labelle et Alice Beach

L’enquête dans l’affaire de Frank Labelle, ex-hôtelier de la rue Bleury, et de la femme Alice Beach, accuses de vol, s’est ouverte en cour de police, hier après-midi.

Le plaignant, JP Cuddy, Jr, est un commis-voyageur.  Il prétend que vers 6 heures de l’après-midi, le 25 du mois dernier, il a rencontré le prisonnier Labelle, sur la rue St Laurent.  Ils sont entrés à l’hôtel Corriveau et ont pris chacun trois verres.  Cuddy buvant du rhy-whisky.  Ils se sont ensuite rendus chez Cloutier ou ils encore pris plusieurs verres.  C’est là que Labelle a proposé une promenade en voiture, en ajoutant que sa femme les accompagnerait.  Le témoin a consenti, et tous deux sont partis dans la direction de la rue St Philippe.  En chemin, ils sont arrêtés dans une autre buvette tenue par un nomme Gariepy, coin des rues Dorchester et St Charles Borromée.  Le témoin ne se souvient pas ce qu’il a bu à cet endroit. Le propriétaire lui a dit le lendemain matin, cependant, qu’il lui avait servi deux verres d’eau « Caledonia. » Après cela, il ne se souvient de rien jusqu’au moment où un des portiers de l’Hôtel Richelieu l’a éveille vers 6 heures du matin. C’est alors qu’il s’est aperçu que son argent, environ $750 avait disparu.  Il est alors alles chez Labelle. Il a vu la femme Beach qui lui a dit qu’elle ne connaissait rien de l’affaire.  Le témoin a rencontré Labelle dans le courant de l’après-midi.  Le prisonnier lui a remis, en billet de banque, la somme de $122 en lui disant qu’il les avait ramassées sur le plancher.

Trans questionné par M Crankshaw, avocat de la défense, le témoin Cuddy dit que vers 1 heure ce jour-là, il avait reçu deux rouleaux de billets de banque se montant à $750.  L’argent lui avait été remis par sa sœur madame Corley, femme de T Corley, épicier, coin de l’avenue des Pins et de la rue St Laurent.

Le témoin refuse de répondre à une question que lui pose M Crankshaw qui veut savoir si l’argent lui appartenait ou non.  Il déclare que c’est une affaire de famille.

M le magistrat Lafontaine décida que la question ne devait pas être posée, et l’enquête s’ajourna a cette après-midi.


Summary/translation – JP Cuddy Jr met up with Mr Labelle at the Hotel Corriveau, and they had several drinks.  After drinking a bit they both went for a walk with Miss Beach, and arrived at another venue owned by Mr Gariepy, where more drinking occurred.  Mr Cuddy does not remember how much he drank.  He next remembers waking up at the Hotel Richelieu, and realized that the $750 his sister Mrs Corley, wife of the grocer T Corley, had given him the day before was missing. He went to see Labelle to ask for his money, and his wife (or girlfriend?) Miss Beach denied knowing anything about the money.   He then saw Labelle who gave him $122 which he had “found on the floor.”

So the question for me is this – why was my great-grandmother handing $750 to her brother?  Why would he not deposit it or put it someplace safe before drinking?  And OMG – just OMG!

Stealing a turkey from the Corleys, Swinford, 1870

Mayo Constitution, 22 October 1870, page 3


Anthony and Margaret Pigeon pleaded not guilty to an indictment charging them with having, on the 17th Sept, at Swinford, feloniously stolen one turkey, the property of Patrick Corley, and on a further count, for feloniously receiving the same.

The prisoners were undefended.

The following jury was empanelled to try the case: – James Fitzgerald, foreman; James Bourke, James Howley, John Connor, Samuel Strugeon, Martin Howley, Jun, Luke Carney, John Cannon, Hugh Feeny, John Henry, Humphry Davis and Peter Gallagher.

Julia MacDermott, examined by Mr. Bourke, SCS, deposed that there were turkeys in an outhouse in Mr. Corley’s yard, and a fine fat cock over them – three years’ old.  On the 27th she missed the cock. Next morning the head and feet of the turkey were found in the garden.  To the best of her belief the feathers produced were are those of the lost turkey – they were like them.

Joseph Kyle examined – on the night of the 27th, after 10 o’clock, I saw the male prisoner come out of Corley’s pig stye, which is near the barn in which the turkeys used to be locked up. The prisoner asked me for a light to kindle his pipe, which I gave him, and he thanked me for it.

Mr. Corley said the turkey appeared to have been killed in his garden, the feathers and blood being found there, and, after a search by the constabulary, the head and legs were got under a head of cabbage. Through the garden was the nearest way to the prisoner’s house.  Constable Monaghan brought me a dead turkey, and on measuring the feet they seemed to correspond.

Constable Monaghan deposed from the information received he went to the house of Pigeon.  He discovered the feathers in a small bag, quite warm.  Pigeon’s mother emptied a pot, and witness found that she had tumbled out the turkey into the ashpit.  He seized on the carcass, and told the male prisoner, who was in bed, to get up. On examining his person, there were marks of blood on his clothes.  Anthony Pigeon said, after being cautioned, he did not care; he could only be transported.

Prisoner – Can you prove that that is the blood of the turkey on my clothes, and that the turkey was Mr. Corley’s?


Sub-Constable Alexander deposed to footprints being in the garden, in comparison corresponding to the imprint made by the sole Pigeon’s shoe.

A woman swore that she saw the female prisoner through the gizzard and liver of a turkey of large size into a field.

His worship charged the jury, who found the male prisoner guilty of stealing, and the woman of receiving the turkey, knowing it to have been stolen.

The Crown entered a nolle prosequi on the other counts.

Anthony Pigeon pleaded guilty to a former conviction.

The Court sentenced the prisoner to the lowest limit of penal servitude – namely, seven years.  The old woman was sentenced to three calendar months.

The Chairman requested the officer in charge of the Constabulary to inform the authorities, that the Court held the highest opinion of the manner in which Constable Monaghan and Sub-Constable Alexander conducted the case.

There was no bill found in the indictment for stealing oats.

Paulin family notices in the papers

Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette 15 April 1865, page 8


Died – on the 6th inst, aged 58 years, Harriett, wife of Wm Orme, of Orton-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire and third daughter of the late Mr. Richard Paulin of Henley-on-Thames, Oxon.


Victoria Colonist, 5 July 1887, pg. 1

…. Russel acting as starter in his usual impartial and acceptable style.  Following is the list of the games with the names of the winners:

Running High Jump – 1st A Bell 4 ft 10 ½ in; 2nd CH Tite and EA Pauline, tie.

Running Long Jump – 1st A Shaw, 17 ft 9 in; 2nd W Duck, 17 ft 6 in.


Victoria Colonist, 14 Nov 1888, pg 1


George Pauline

(Late Pupil of WT Belcher, Mus. Doc., Oxon, FCO)

Prof. Pianoforte and Organ.

Lessons given at own residence or 73 Kings Road, Victoria BC.


Victoria Colonist, 23 October 1886, page 3

We are happy to congratulate Mr. Ernest Pauline of the Standard, as an addition to his home circle.  That genial young gentleman was receiving congratulations of his many friends last evening and is justly proud of being “the father of a bouncing baby” – girl.


Oxford Journal, 30 June 1866, page 4


Married – June 19 at Cheltenham by the Rev WH Ramsay, Mr WT Lambourn of Henley, grocer, to Maria, daughter of the late Mr. G Paulin of the same place.


Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 14 January 1860, page 5


Married – on the fifth instant, at Trinity Church, by the Rev WP Pinchney, Mr. John Paulin, to Mary, daughter of the late Mr. Walters, both of Henley.


Oxford Chronicle and Reading Gazette, 23 May 1857, page 8


Married – On the 12th inst at Binfield Church, Berks, by the Rev J Leslie Randall, MA, Mr. George Bennett, of Derby, to Sarah Anne, only daughter of Mr. G Paulin of Henley-on Thames.

Henley Advertiser, 19 Oct 1895, page 5


Paulin – on October 10th, at 5 Queen’s Villas, Sarah, widow of George Paulin, in her 88th


Berkshire Chronicle, 7 April 1877 page 8


Easter Meeting – On Tuesday the annual meeting was held in the Council Chamber at ten o’clock am; when the churchwardens’ accounts for the past year were examined and passed. C Simmons and George Paulin were re-elected churchwardens.

Reading Mercury, 28 July 1888, page 5

RUTHERFORD-PAULIN – on the 21st inst, by the Rev Dr Swinburne, Rector of the Parish of Acock’s Green, Robert, eldest son of Andrew Rutherford, of Alnwick, Northumberland, to Louise Mary, eldest daughter of Frederick Paulin, Henley Lodge, Acock’s Green, near Birmingham.

Reading Mercury, 28 March 1874 page 4

Tresspass – Thomas Ballard, an old man, was charged with having on the 13th, trespassed on Curridge Common in search of conies. Frederick Paulin, keeper, in the service of Mr. S Hemsted (who rents the shooting on the Common from Miss Wasey), proved that defendant set a wire, and when he spoke to him, he saw three other wires in his hand. The Bench imposed a fine of 1s 6d, and reduced the costs from 9s to 3s 6d.

Shipping and Mercantile Gazette 23 July 1874, page 3

At the Bankruptcy Court, yesterday, an order was made by Mr. Register Murray for the appointment of a receiver under a petition for liquidation filed by Frederick Paulin, of the Anchor Brewery, St George’s-road, Peckham, whose liabilities are estimated at 2,500 l, the value of the assets not yet being ascertained.

Gloucestershire Echo, 20 April 1914 page 5

Births, Marriages and Deaths


Churchill-Longman – Kavanagh – April 14 at St Jude’s Church, Kensington, Walter Valentine, 3rd Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, to Sarah Talbot, only daughter of W Kerr Kavanagh of St Louis, USA

My Montreal Irish – the Cuddy family and the Montreal Irish

The Irish of Montreal have been a focus of my academic research since I entered graduate studies at the University of Ottawa many years ago.  Moving to my PhD, I expanded my scope to include the other British groups in the city during the nineteenth century.  Irish Catholics in Montreal had their feet in both language communities.  They shared with other English-speaking groups a common language and an understanding (if not an appreciation J) of British culture and society.  As Catholics they shared their faith with French Canadians.  The Irish had, through these various links, built relationships in several different communities.  This certainly have made them an interesting topic to study.

From this larger understanding of Montreal’s Irish, I had this great historical foundation, one I used to investigate the lives of my Irish-Catholic family, who lived in Montreal from the mid-nineteenth century.  I have been able, through a lot of research, to get a fairly good picture of their lives, socially and economically, in Montreal in the latter half of the nineteenth and early 20th centuries. I have to say that the Cuddys did not seem to fit into this model of Montreal’s Irish Catholics that my other research had illustrated.

John Patrick Cuddy Sr. married Jane O’Sullivan, an Irishwoman (1853); he first established his dry goods business in a small Irish enclave on St Mary’s Street (later part of Notre-Dame Street); his children’s godparents were picked from his Irish neighbours; his lawyer was English; his family doctor was an Irish Protestant; all of his children who married, married Irish; and he worshipedlapresse 12 oct 1909 p1 mrs cuddy obit at St. Patrick’s Church which was an English-speaking congregation served by mainly Irish priests.  So where were the ties to the French Canadians in Montreal?

There are hints of economic ties to French Canadians, particularly as tenants in JP Cuddy Sr’s growing property inventory.  When the family moved east from the dry goods store in the late 1870s to Berri Street, they were moving into a neighbourhood which had a large French Canadian population.  There was proximity, but it is unclear if he socialized with his neighbours.  It is with his son Sarsfield that we see more ties to a non-Irish, non-English-speaking network. Sarsfield went into business with Alphonse Brodeur in 1896, opening Cuddy & Brodeur a successful retail operation which sold china and other housewares, and with two locations, one on St Lawrence, and the other on St Catherines Streets.  Through his marriage to Estelle McKenna (1910) he was connected to the family of the Hon Narcisse Perodeau.  JP Cuddy’s brother James had stronger links to the French-Canadian community in Montreal.  His daughter Ida married businessman Joseph Henri Lamoureux in 1910.

Cuddy Ad - grand concert la croissade
Ad for James Cuddy’s dry goods store in “Grand Concert la Croissade” 1909

The Cuddys, on the whole, were, from my research, more firmly situated in Anglo-Montreal society than French Canadian society.  There were some hints at perhaps more for some members, but not others.  However, with recent research I have been able to expand to a degree my understanding of the various networks the Cuddys were a part of. The discovery of the BANQ’s digital collections database [ ] opened up a whole new view of their world, and their interactions with Montreal society in all its permutations. Previous research had taken me through the traditional genealogical sources (birth, death, marriage records, city directories, notarial documents), court documents, and newspapers (Montreal Gazette and the Montreal Daily Star); these new sources – more newspapers and other materials, have changed things.

In regards to John Patrick Cuddy Sr’s life, the picture sketched with previous research has not changed all that much in terms of his network connections.  It is interesting to see which newspapers covered what parts of his life.  For instance, when JP Cuddy Sr. was declared ‘Insane’ and fought the ruling, the facts were covered in both the Montreal Gazette and the Daily Star [Gazette 31 Dec 1895 & Daily Star 31 Dec 1895], but not La Presse, or any of the other newspapers which have been scanned by the BANQ.  When he was robbed of $10,000 of merchandise in 1875 it made the pages of the Montreal Witness and the Toronto Globe, but not the other papers [Globe 4 Aug 1875; Witness 25 Aug 1875]. When JP was beaten up in front of his dry goods store that same year it was the Montreal Witness which covered it.  He did not make it into the French-language papers for any of these events.  John Patrick Cuddy was generally embedded in English Montreal.

The same cannot be said for his wife Jane O’Sullivan.  On John Patrick’s passing in 1896, Jane took over the reigns of his business, and the Prix Courant and the Quebec Gazette show the various actions she took to renovate, sell or lease the properties she inherited.  Her death in 1909 was reported on the front pages of La Presse and Le Canada.  La Presse included a photograph! [La Presse 12 Oct 1909 p1; Le Canada 13 Oct 1909 p6] The English language papers did not mourn her passing, although the family did place notices in the English papers about her death.  Her funeral a few days later was also covered in the two French-language papers in length.  It is in the descriptions of her funeral [Le Canada, 15 Oct 1909 p6] and the people who attended it that you see the wide and varied network of people she had around her, Irish and French Canadian, and “les élèves de la première classe commerciale du Mont Saint-Louis.” [La Presse, 14 Oct 1909, p 14].  It should be noted that when JP Cuddy Sr. died no paper covered his funeral, and it was only in the paid columns,  that his passing was mentioned, in the barest of details.  Jane O’Sullivan was clearly more respected.  She was also more involved in a larger and more varied network which incorporated the French and Irish communities.

The availability of such a wide selection of newspaper sources for Montreal for the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the ease of its search engine and the unusual name of Cuddy has made the study of this family much easier. It has also made it easier to study the lives of the women.  I had very little material on Jane O’Sullivan.  I knew when she married, had her children and died, and precious little else.  When her husband was arrested and then declared insane, she was mentioned, but it was the men in the family who testified to what had happened, her voice was silent.  And while she is still silent, more is being said of her, and she is becoming more dimensional.

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