Gilliandr's Blog

Random Historical, Social and Cultural Moments



Lord Nelson’s Monument, Montreal, 1807

The Ipswich Journal 15 August 1807, p 4

A Monument to the memory of Lord Nelson has been erected at Montreal, in Canada.  It is a pillar of solid stone, sixty feet high, surmounted by a figure of the gallant Admiral, in artificial stone, eight feet high, upon the capital.

Alligator peeking out from the snow on Nelson's Column in Montreal, 2015
Alligator peeking out from the snow on Nelson’s Column in Montreal, 2015

Birthday of the Prince of Wales [George IV], 1803

Morning Post, 13 August 1803, page 3

Prince of Wales' Indulgence at Carlton House []
Prince of Wales’ Indulgence at Carlton House []
Never did the metropolis exhibit a more grand and general display of illumination on the anniversary of the birth of our beloved Prince, than last night.  Every individual, any way connected with His Royal Highness, appeared eager to evince the most respectful attachment, by some additional splendour of lights.  A grand gala was given at Vauxhall on the occasion, which was most crowded and brilliant.  Many grand dinners were also given in the metropolis.  At Brighton, Birmingham and at other county towns, we observe by the Provincial Papers, there were public fetes.  St James’ Street, in London was particularly brilliant; the Globe Insurance Office, in Pall Mall, was well lighted up.  As usual, Barfield, His Royal Highness’ Printer, stood pre-eminent, both for the elegance of his arrangement, and the number of his lamps, which could be very little short of 2000.  Around each of the pillars of the portico, on which are erected His Royal Highness’s arms, ran a festoon of variegated lamps, intermixed with laurel leaves; above which a cornice, with a double row of festoons.  In the centre, GP encircled with laurel branches, over these, a most brilliant star; rather lower, but wider extended, were placed perforated vases, lighted, and filled with laurel on each side of the house, reaching nearly 32 feet high, pilasters of the Ionic order; with a few beautiful diamonds; and the whole surmounted by the largest plume of feathers we ever remember to have seen, extending more than 40 feet in height, which produced such a profusion of light, as rendered Wardour-street the resort of thousands, till a late hour this morning.

No Procession on the 12th, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Daily Star, 11 July 1877, page 1

No Procession on the 12th

The Orangemen Patriotically Accede to the Request of their Fellow Citizens and Abandon the Procession in the Interest of Peace

A great weight has been lifted off the city by the patriotic conduct of the Orange body in acceding to the request of their fellow citizens, and abandoning , for this year, at least, their intention of walking to the church in procession on the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne.  This resolution was not arrived at until a few minutes before midnight last night, and the deepest anxiety was manifested by large numbers of citizens who congregated in several places to know the result.  At St Patrick’s Hall the largest gathering with [illegible] and the heads of the Irish Societies were in session until a late hour.  The course that has been pursued reflects honor upon all concerned.  The sp[illegible] of wise concession and forbearance showed by the Orangemen deserve the highest recognition, and the Roman Catholics were among the first last night to acknowledge the spirit of conciliation that was manifested in the resolution arrived at.  Every one looked forward to serious trouble, if not loss of life if the procession took place, and the feeling that was prevailed for some time past in this community has been a profoundly painful one.  Much of the happy result accomplished is owing to the wise and moderate con [illegible] pursued by the leaders of the Irish societies, who suggested and succeeded in getting truly representative meeting yesterday [illegible] all our National Societies. The sensible speeches of those gentlemen, who met in the parlour of the St Lawrence Hall, and notably the observations of the chairman, could not fail to have effect in averting what was looked forward to as a civil war. Our city has been spared scenes of riot and disorder that would have fallen upon her like a nightmare.  Good sense has prevailed, and citizens now look forward to a long continuance of that peace, harmony and good will that should always prevail among a people and by the ties of a common Christianity and citizenship.  The matter has been acquitted in such a form that both sides can co[illegible] shake hands over the result, and no feeling of triumph or defeat be felt on either side.

We stated in last evening’s issue that the meeting in the St Lawrence Hall passed a resolution earnestly among the Orangemen to give up the procession.  This result was communicated to the leaders of the Orange Society by a deputation and a copy of the resolution signed by all the representatives of National Societies, [illegible] added to Colonel Smith and Mr Grant the latter County Master and Chairman [illegible] the mass meeting of Orangemen which was being held in the Orange Hall. These gentlemen promised to lay it before the meeting without delay and return as early as possible with an answer. The signers remained in session awaiting an answer, and the reports from time to time that arrive, up to the last kept up the most painful anxiety to know the result. At 11:45 pm all felt as if they could breath freely, as an advance courier armed with the pleasing news that the resolution was carried (although by a narrow majority) to abandon the idea of  having a procession.  Messrs. Grant and Smith followed soon after as the ambassadors of peace and evidently well pleased to come in that capacity.  The meeting to receive the report took place at once, with Mr Devlin in the chair.  The following is the substance of what occurred.

Mr Grant said there had been a large attendance of the membership of the order, who after discussion had come to a resolution, which had been carried by a small majority, not to make a public demonstration.  The committee would be served with an exact copy of the resolution which had been arrived at. The society reserved their right to march when they pleased, but there would be no procession on the 12th of July this year. The members would proceed to church about half past eleven and trusted that there would be no disturbance or endeavour to hinder them in the charge of their privilege and duty of going to church.

Col Smith said that he had only to say that this decision had been arrived at after earnest deliberation upon the requests of the societies. They had determined to give way but reserved their right to go to church. He trusted the societies would now do their duty and see that the Orangemen were not molested. The society had acted in deference to the wishes of their fellow citizens.

Mr Grant said he ought to state that a deputation from the City Council had this day waited on the Orangemen which had tended in a great measure to influence their decision.

Mr Devlin said it was only necessary for him to say that he congratulated the societies on the result which had been arrived at, which was calculated to sustain and continue the friendly feeling which had existed for years.  He regarded the result, not as a triumph of party, but as a triumph of peace, good will and fellowship, and as such he regarded it.  He would announce the result at another meeting this evening.  All might rest assured that the proceedings throughout had been conducted with good will as tending to the prosperity of the Dominion and of the city of Montreal.

Col Smith said that in light of the society had acted in the interest of peace and good will.

Mr Devlin said he considered the best thanks of the committee and of the citizens generally were due to the gentlemen who had waited upon the committee, and also to all who had cooperated towards this good result. The Irish Catholic societies did not desire to triumph over Protestants, but were actuated by desires for the best interests of the whole country.

Mr Kerry, St George’s Society, said before the meeting separated it ought to thank the gentlemen of the Orange Society present for the interest they had taken in the matter.  He thought a vote of thanks should be passed to them for their kind offices.

Mr McMaster, of the Irish Protestant Benevolent Society, in seconding the motion, said he had no doubt that the gentlemen had made many personal sacrifices for the peace of the city.

Several gentlemen having spoken in this sense.

Col Smith thought that the vote should be passed to the society generally.

Mr Kerry said he should be glad to amend his motion in that sense.

The motion having been carried.

Col Smith, in acknowledging it, said he hoped after all this would be considered brethren.  The meeting adjourned.

The Turkey Shot – Our Family Tradition, 2016

Christmas is almost upon us, and it brings with it a time to reflect on traditions that we continue, and memories of Christmases past.  Looking at my collection of family photos I am struck by the abundance of pictures of the Christmas turkey (and also the Thanksgiving Turkey).  Seriously, we take a lot of pictures of our turkeys.  So what is the fascination?

I first went online to find out about when people started eating turkey at Christmas.  After consulting ‘Dr. Google’ it seems that the turkey has been enjoyed since the time of Henry VIII when a Yorkshireman named William Strickland brought six birds from the new world.  [Felipe Araujo, Express, 25 Dec 2015 ] But it seems that it was only in the late 1800s that the beast started being enjoyed by people for Christmas.  When Dickens used the turkey in his story A Christmas Carol as for Christmas dinner with the Cratchits, it was clear that the turkey meal was a special dish.  One source says that the turkey became the dish for the the middle class by the beginning of the 20th century [].  Another source places its popularity at a later time : “Indeed, up until the 1950s it was widely considered a luxury, as only then refrigerators became commonplace. Back in the 1930s the average person had to work for a week to be able to buy a turkey. Now it only takes 1.7 hours of labour.” And it was only in the last 60 years that it has become more widely used for Christmas dinner. [Felipe Araujo, Express, 25 Dec 2015 ]

I know that when Mom moved to Canada from England turkey was an unusual thing.  She normally had goose at Christmas. Dad, Canadian-born, seems to have done the turkey feast with his parents.  I think that after Mom married she decided to opt for the turkey meal, but with a number of English sides and deserts such as sausage rolls, mincemeat pies, trifle and the like. I should also mention that at the time of her marriage, she didn’t know how to cook, so it was all a learning curve anyway.  Growing up it was turkey all the way, with stuffing, corn, potatoes and cranberry sauce.  Maybe it was the sense of accomplishment – the perfect turkey, the delicious sides, the festive decorations, crackers ready to be pulled, and the joy of the season – but every year we took a picture of the turkey.  I have shared a few of the more interesting turkey shots below.

Really, the meal is only part of the tradition, it is the picture of the turkey which makes it feel like Christmas!

Dad and the turkey in 1989
Early 1970s



Act of Remembrance, Memorial Chapel – Ottawa, 2016

Today I attended the ceremony in the Memorial Chapel.  The Book of Remembrance lists all  those who died in service during the all the wars Canada participated in, and every day a page is turned so that they are honoured at least one day a year.  On December 22nd, the page turns to show the name of my grandfather’s first cousin, 2nd Lt Victor R Pauline.  This year I requested permission to attend the ceremony.  With this permission, I was able to stand in the chapel when the pages were turned, otherwise I would have had to stand outside the chapel and wait for the turning to finish before seeing Victor’s name.

I had come in 1996 or 7 to see the ceremony from outside, and it was interesting.  But to be in the room as the pages are turned is a much more immediate experience.  I was unsure how I would feel in the moment.  I did not know Victor, who died in 1918, but Grandad did, and I knew his niece very well.  Since my last visit to the chapel in the 1990s, I also have read some of the letters that he wrote home, so he was more real to me.

I must admit to being actually a bit emotional during the ceremony, and seeing his name among so many others who died in the First World War, brought home the waste and tragedy of war.  I thought I would share some of the images I took, and the video of the service which I have posted on Youtube.

See Video Here.

memorial-chamber-ceremony-2016-3 memorial-chamber-ceremony-2016-4 memorial-chamber-ceremony-2016-5 memorial-chamber-ceremony-2016-6 memorial-chamber-ceremony-2016-7 memorial-chamber-ceremony-2016-9

St Andrew’s Day, Montreal, 1880

Montreal Daily Star, 1 December 1880, page 1

St Andrew’s Day

Annual Gathering of the Clans – The sermon in Craig Street Church mirth and music at the Windsor

Our Scottish friends were [illegible] at an early hour yesterday, preparing for the proper celebration of the anniversary of their patron saint.  More than one aged wanderer from the

“Land of brown heath and shaggy wood,

Land of the mountain and the good”

Sported the purple heather, and doubtless felt at least two inches taller than on the preceding day.  Why not?

Caledonian Society

The annual meeting of the Caledonian society was held in the lecture room of the Crescent Street Church, at 2 o’clock.  The President, Mr Thos Robins, occupied the chair.

After routine business, it was

Moved by Mr Wm Angus, seconded by Mr James Wright, and unanimously resolved, “That the sum of $100 be donated to the charitable fund of the St Andrew’s Society.”

It was then resolved on motion of Mr P Fulton, seconded by Mr J Wright, “That the President, Mr Thos Robins, and the Secretary, Mr J Hood, be a deputation to present the amount at the St Andrew’s Society meeting.”

St Andrew’s Society

This Society met immediately after the Caledonian Society adjourned, when the installation of officers recently elected tool place.

In reference to a sum of £34 13s 6d Canadian currency, handed to the Society some twenty-five years ago, on the death by drowning of a Scotchman named Gilchrist, it was reported that the amount, with interest, in all, $334.62, has been made over to the heirs of the deceased, who have attained their majority.

The deputation from the Caledonian Society to acquaint the meeting with the resolution of that Society, voting the amount of $100 to the charitable fund of the St Andrew’s Society, was received, and a vote of thanks passed.

The two societies then met and adjourned to the Crescent Street church, where

The Annual Sermon

Was preached by Rev AB Mackay.  The Rev gentleman took as the basis of his address the character of the Apostle Andrew as set forth in St John’s Gospel.  He admitted that it was sometimes difficult to find a suitable subject for a special occasion, but their subject stared them in the face that afternoon; what could be more appropriate at a meeting of St Andrew’s Society on St Andrew’s day than to direct their attention to the character of St Andrew.  There are, he proceeded, a great many traditions about Andrew. He is the patron Saint of Russia as well as of Scotland. But those are mere cobwebs of the dark ages, and we will go back to the fountain head and see what the Bible says about Andrew, and seek to imitate him. There are few characters more worthy of imitation. The first characteristic we notice in him is that he put himself in the way of getting good.  There was a great movement in connection with the preaching of John the Baptist, and amongst those who went to hear the rough preacher was Andrew; who, however, was not like the fickle crowd, but became one of John’s disciples, and stuck to him through thick and thin. The Scotch people as a whole imitate St Andrew in this. They are pre-eminently a Sabbath keeping people. Like Andrew, Scotchmen are noted, all the world over, for their particularity, clinging to the faith which they have inherited from their forefathers. But Andrew did something better than follow John, who was only “a voice crying in the wilderness” a finger post pointing to the Lamb of God.  As John cried “behold the Lamb of God” Andrew left John  and followed Jesus. We should imitate Andrew in this also. A great company of Scotchmen follow Andrew when he merely puts himself in the way of getting good, but that company became much smaller when Andrew follows the Lord Jesus Christ, and takes Him for his Saviour.  Scotchmen are great seekers. Here they are in Canada; they are in India, and all over the world, doing the world’s rough work, and sometimes governing the world, seeking glory and happiness.  Andrew teaches us to seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, when all other things will be added to us.  Jesus had his eye upon Andrew, and when he saw him following Him, He said: “What seek ye!” Andrew answered, “Master, where dwellest thou!” when Jesus gave the wonderful invitation to the fisherman Andrew from the Son of the Highest to dwell with Him, and to get a solution of the difficulties that beset his soul.  Jesus receives every true seeker in like manner today. We have heard of the ,” philosopher who ran through the streets, crying “Eureka, Eureka, I have found it;” but how much more blessed are those who, like Andrew, can say, “We have found the Messiah”.  Then Andrew confessed the truth. Having found the Messiah, he went and told others, and was the honored instrument of bringing his brother, Simon Peter to Christ. The reverend gentleman referred in proud terms to men like Rutherford, Knox, Chalmers, Livingstone and Duff, who had rendered Scotland famous throughout the world.  He alluded in eloquent terms to Scotland’s many glories and precious memories, and concluded by expressing the hope that all the families represented in that Church would meet in unbroken ranks around the throne of God.

The Ball

The annual ball took place at the Windsor Hotel, and was very successful.  Among the company were a number of the officers of the Fifth (Royal Scots) Fusiliers in full Highland uniform, as well as those of some of the other battalions. Shortly after nine o’clock the President of the Society, with the invited guests, preceded by the pipers of the Fifth (Royal Scots) Fusiliers, entered the ball-room, where Terpsichore ruled supreme. The music was provided by Gruenwald’s orchestra, and consisted mostly of a number of favourite Scotch airs. There were present about one hundred and fifty guests. Some of the costumes were particularly striking, and much taste was displayed in all.  An interesting feature in the ball-room was the national dances which were performed very artistically.  Shortly after midnight the supper-room was sought and the menu served in the “Windsor’s” best style. During the supper several toasts were proposed, and afterwards the dancing was resumed and the majority of the fair belles and their gallant Lotharios “danced and danced away” until the “wee sma hours” when they dispersed. The invited guests were: His Worship Mayor Rivard; Edward Rawlings, President St George’s Society, and lady; Thomas Robin, President Caledonian Society; Hon TJ Loranger, President Jean Baptiste Society; FB McNamee, President St Patrick’s Society; John H Mooney, Irish Protestant Benevolent Society; Wm Wilson, St Patrick’s National Society; WC Munderloch, German Societyl; and Mr WJ Ingram of the St Andrew’s Society of New York.

The Day Elsewhere

Quebec – Flags were to-day hoisted on the Parliament House and several of the main buildings, in honor of St Andrew’s Day.  The anniversary sermon of the St Andrew’s Society was preached to-night by Rev Dr Cook.

Toronto- The St Andrew’s Society celebrated the day by a dinner at the Queen’s this evening. There was a large attendance.

Ottawa- St Andrew’s Day was observed by the members of the Society attending services in St Andrew’s Church, whom the annual sermon was preached by the Chaplain of the Society, Rev FW Farries from the 5th and 6th verses of the 137th Psalm.  There was a good turn-out of brethren.  This evening a grand concert in the Opera House is well attended.  At the conclusion of the concert of the officers of the Society were entertained by the President, Mr Sanford Fleming a the Rideau Club.

Halifax- To-day being St Andrew’s Day was a civic holiday.  The North British Society had their annual dinner at the Halifax Hotel to-night about eighty being present, among whom were Lieut-Governor Archibald and Chief Justice Sir William Young.

St John- St Andrew’s Day was observed by a supper at the Park Hotel to-night by St Andrew’s Society, and in like manner by the society at Fredericton, NB.

New York- St Andrew’s Society of the State of New York held their annual dinner to-night at Delmonicos.  Letters of regret were received from the Marquis of Lorne, General Grant, and Sir Edward Thornton, the British Minister.


Menu for the St Andrew’s Ball, Montreal, 1912

Montreal Daily Star, 7 December 1912, page 10

St Andrew’s Society Ball




Consumme Bellevue

Pate d’Huitres Poulette

Mignon d’Agneau Lavalliere

Pomme Noisette

Scotch Haggis

Buffet Froid

Chiffonnade Salad

Glace Napolitaine

Petite Fours



Windsor Hotel

6th December 1912

Dominion Day – 1919

Montreal Daily Star, 1 July 1919, page 10

Margaret Currie’s Chats

No other day in the year should stand for quite as much to us as Dominion Day, and I often wonder if any of us appreciate it as its true value and make as much of it as we should.  How many of us know the words of “O Canada” and sing it with all the fervent spirit we can command?  Not very many, if we may judge by the few who sing it when it is occasionally played at one of the local theatres.

How many of us hang out our flags on Dominion Day, and how many of us know the history of Confederation?  How many of us spend our vacation and our vacation money in our own country?  How many of us thrill as we should to the thought that we are Canadians, and that this country of Canada is our heritage, the greatest, teeming-with-possibilities country to the world?

We are thoroughly British in one thing at least.  We are strongly inclined to self-depreciation.  We think every other country but our won has things worthy of praise. We women are especially guilty in that respect.  We talk of our new frock, shoes, or hat with much more respect if we can say it comes from Paris, London or New York, but if we had it made in Montreal – “oh, it’s just a rag.  A little dressmaker here ran it up for me.”

All of our young people have the idea that they must go away to make good.  Certain it is that our employers of labor have themselves to blame for that feeling.  It is the rare person who has sufficient patriotism to stay in Canada at a low wage when he knows he can sell his talents to a much higher bidder in the States, and when he knows that many Canadian employers will give a higher wage to the employee who has had American training.

It is one of the things that we must get together on.  Canada for Canadians should be a watchword for all of us.  We should feel that we must devote our talents and our energies to making Canada the most desirable country in the world to ourselves and to the strangers within our gates.  We must be sufficiently conceited to know that Canada is the brightest jewel in the Imperial Crown, and that we must never dim its lustre.

When we are away, we should set in that people may feel that Canadians are good people to know and to live with, when we meet people from other countries who are our guests, it is unnecessary to start a controversy to prove that Canada is a great country. We know it is.  We know what our men have done in the Great War.  We have official records to prove that our men were “there” all the time, all the way.  We went over the top all along the line – in men and in money.  Our pride in our heroes and their achievements is so great that we should feel noting is too much or us to show them that Canada is their home and that they have come back to a country that loves them and believes in them, and wants to help them in all the problems of the after the war reconstruction.

This is perhaps the greatest Dominion Day since Confederation, because it is almost identical with the signing of the peace after the most dreadful war in history, a war in which our men have taken so great and glorious a past.  Let us make it the dawn of a brighter era for Canada by our new and deeper patriotism.  Let us resolve that Canada’s future shall be a higher and more glowing purpose in every Canadian heart, that we may be worthy of the high place among the nations that our men have won for us.

Margaret Currie.

Edward VII Statue, Phillip’s Square, Montreal, 1914

Montreal Daily Star, 1 Oct 1914, page 3

Edward VII in Montreal from:
Edward VII in Montreal from:

Work of Peacemaker will Prevail though Armies Battle Now

Huge crowd cheered wildly as brother of late Monarch unveiled statue in Phillip’s Square – Children sang patriotic air – speeches by the Duke, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, Sir Alexander Lacoste and Mayor Martin

As the entwined Royal Standard and Union Jack slipped won from the huge bronze figure of King Edward VII, which crowns Phillip’s Square this morning, a gleam of late sunshine broke through the massed clouds and made a most impressive picture.

Round the Square, rank after rank troops were massed, troops to businesslike Khaki the [illegible] of the Highland Uniform, the [illegible] and scarlet of the Mount St [illegible]. Behind them in [illegible] masses loomed from kerb to wall hanging in the trees and ranged precariously on roots were those of the public who eager to do honor to the memory of the dead Monarch were unable to secure the coveted places in the stand.

The ceremony was scheduled for eleven o’clock and those who knew the punctiliousness of his Royal Highness were on hand well before the bell in the Cathedral Tower was sounding the first stroke when the Royal motor cars drew up within the hollow square formed by the troops. The first bars of the National Anthem were played and the Duke was making his inspection of the Highland [illegible] before the hour had struck.

On the stand a notable company was gathered when the Royal party, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia accompanied by Lady Villiers, and the military staff mounted the steps.  The royal standard flew to the top of the mast and the crowd at the farther ends of the square broke into renewed cheers Sir Robert and Lady Borden, Sir Francois Langelier, Sir Wilfrid and Lady Laurier, Sir Thomas and Lady Shaughnessy, His Lordship the Bishop of Montreal, Sir Alexander and Lady Lacoste, Sir Melbourne and Lady Tait, Sir Hugh and Miss Alice Graham, Mr and Mrs RV Mercier, Honorable Robert Rogers, Honorable CE Doherty, Honorable Louis Coderre, Honorable WS Fielding, Mayor Martin, HOnorable Rodolphe Lemieux, Colonel Denison, Major Anderson, and Major Leduc, together with scores of other prominent Montrealers rose and stood with bared heads until the Royal party was seated.

The great statue, swathed in the glowing colors of scarlet and blue, stood waiting, but the touch of a card. And the man whose brain had conceived it, and whose hand had given it being, Phillip Hebert, sculptor and artist to his finger tips, was there to receive the congratulations and the thanks of the city, made the more beautiful through his work.

All Traffic Stopped

Along St Catherine street, the cars had been stopped, and the dense crowd made vehicular traffic impossible by the comparative silence that resulted, the speakers voices had a better chance than usual, yet very few of the thousands who thronged the little square heard what was being said.  That did not matter so much as they had come to see rather than hear.

[illegible] was almost irresistible.  They got [illegible] several times before the [illegible] began and ther was a fine opportunity for a cheering outburst when the concealing flags fell from the statue.  The real joy of the morning came however with the singing of “O Canada” in English first then in French, conducted by two leaders who mounted the statue’s pedestal to do it.  First a choir of little girls sang the air to English words.  It is a shaky business singing before Royalty, as a [illegible] but the Montreal school children this morning very quickly recovered from the nervousness caused by their own selves, and shrilled out bravely.  Especially did the boys to the charge of the French version of the song enjoy themselves immensely and would willingly have gone on with the whole collection of verses [illegible] had it been so desired.

Speeches were short.

The speeches were not unduly prolonged, His Royal Highness as is his way, being notably brief and to the point in both French and English.

Following the short speeches the actual unveiling took place.  A small group, the Duke, Sir Thomas Shaughnessy, Sir Alexander Lacoste, Mr Hebert, Colonel Denison and Major Leduc descended from the stand, crossed the few yards of square and mounted the square stone base, on which the statue stands. The cording down the east face ,and with a word was handed to His Highness smoothly like everything about the ceremony, it worked. A slight tug, and as the flags streamed downward to the ground, the huge bronze figure gleamed dully in a sudden passing ray of sun.  it was the moment for which the crowd had been watching.  Those who had from the stand to see or hear what was passing had held their eyes on the hunting clad figures on the strong pedestal and as they saw it they took up their cheer which grew to a roar.

Little was left to do, the Duke shook hands warmly with Mr Hebert, and congratulated him in the success of his work.  The sculptor was the centre of a big group of delighted admirers, but Mr Hebert is pretty well seasoned to that sort of thing by now.

Mayor Martin in accepting the statue in the city’s name recalled how King Edward had always striven for peace.  He had feared a European war and had strived earnestly to avert it.  The statue would be a happy symbol of the union of the two peoples in the city, and erected to the memory of a great peacemaker, would be a lesson and an incentive to harmony and concord.  He solemnly undertook to keep and preserve the statue for all time to come.

[continued on page 12]

[insert image of page 12]

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