Gilliandr's Blog

Random Historical, Social and Cultural Moments



24th of May, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Gazette, 23 May 1877, page 3


The Queen, God Bless Her- What to do, where to go, and how to celebrate on Her Birthday – in the city and out of the city

With the sweep of time the Queen’s Birthday comes again and will be, as it has always been, welcomed right loyally throughout the Dominion, but in no place with more spontaneity than in our own city.  The Mayor has issued the proclamation for a general holiday, and the question now on the tongue of everyone is, “where to go on the 24th?” Below we give a few of the principal events.


Grand Lacrosse Match at 3pm, between the Montreal Club and Indians, at which the Band of the Victoria Rifles will attend.

Academy of Musicat 2:30, and evening performance at 8.

St George’s Concert at the Rink at 8pm.

Sig Hazazer’s Assembly.  Closing party of the season.

Volunteer Review in the forenoon at Fletcher’s Field, on the Mountain slope.,

The Island Park ferry boat will ply all day, leaving Island Wharf every half hour.


On the Grand Trunk Railway to St Hilaire, leaving Bonaventure Station at 8am, and returning at a seasonable hour in the evening. Passes will be issued on the Grand Trunk Railway on the 24th good for the next day at one fare, and good until the 28th at one fare and a third.

On the South Eastern, tickets good for the 23rd, 24th and 25th inclusive, will be sold at one fare to Memphremagog, and a steam yacht conveys parties from Newport to any point on the Lake.

The steamer Prince of Wales leaves Lachine for Carillon and intermediate landings on the arrival of the 7 am train which leaves Bonaventure Depot, returning in time for the evening train.

Excursion of the Natural History Society to Oka.

Grand excursion to St Jerome,leaving Hochelaga at 8:50am; returning, leave St Jerome at 6pm.

Trotting races at Laprairie, the steamer making three trips during the day.

Excursion to Cornwall on the Grand Trunk Railway; tickets good for two days $1, the band of the Sixth Fusiliers to be present.

Grand excursion to Caughnawaga as per advertisement.


Walter Scott Centenary, Montreal, 1871

Globe, 16 August 1871, page 4


Montreal, Aug 15

A private banquet was given to-night on temperance principals, as the Carlton Club, in commemoration of the Scott Centenary.  Between sixty and seventy person were present.  Addresses were delivered, but the affair was quiet, as it was resolved a month since to let the day pass, all the principal citizens being out of the city.  The Scott scholarship subscription progresses rapidly, and of the requisite $1500, $1000 is already raised.

[Oh Lord this sounds desperately dull!]

Situating Sarsfield – part of a larger picture, 2018

Chateau from hotel website – 1169 is on the left of the screen.

When I visit Montreal, which is quite frequently, I like to take advantage of the overnight to visit places of familial significance.  This includes old family homes, businesses, or cemeteries. The streets are marked by the presence of the various lines of my family, although most are silent to the public at large.  One of the benefits of being a historian is the fact that I have been able to research and pinpoint these places, and understand their larger significance to family and place.

One of the places I do like to visit is the Chateau Versailles Hotel on Sherbrooke Street.  It all depends of course on if there is a good deal available.  The hotel is a series of four elegant townhouses, and is a bit fancy.  Part of this block, 1669 was also the home of my great-great uncle Sarsfield Cuddy.

Sarsfield Ludger Emmett Cuddy

I have been lucky enough to be able to stay in the “Cuddy” part of the hotel twice now, and when I have found out that my room was in 1669 have expressed my joy to a rather perplexed staff.  You see to them this is the Berthier part of the building.

The hotel does, to a limited extent, commemorate its history.  In the main floor corridor of 1669 the hotel has placed some photographs of the Berthier sisters with a bit of text speaking to their 25 year residence in the building from 1942, when they purchased the home from the original owners – the Cuddys.  Along with the photograph and small history of the Berthier sisters’ haute couture dressmaking business run from this location, there is also an old sewing machine.  A formal photograph of Narcisse Perodeau also graces the same area.  He was a successful politician, notary and businessman.  He was Quebec Lieutenant Governor from 1924 to 1928.  He lived in 1659.

Commemoration of the buildings’ past is rather selective, and in this case, a shame, as all four buildings were homes to very interesting families over the course of a hundred years. I am sure that in reading this you are thinking that I am only saying this because they left Sarsfield and his family out of the narrative.  And you would be partially correct – yeah, it ticks me off a bit that he is not considered interesting enough to merit inclusion in the history of a home he lived in for over thirty years, and whose direction  as original owner dictated a great many of the exterior details which still distinguish the building from its neighbours. But here is the thing, these four buildings are more than just about Sarsfield Cuddy.

These four houses, constructed during the height of the ‘Great Square Mile’, when Sherbrooke Street was lined with large and luxurious housing.  These houses were built to impress, and provide its residents with a great style of living. The houses were built by architect and developer James Seath-Smith starting in 1911.  He lived in 1657 until 1935, and also owned 1671. 1659 was purchased by Narcisse Peradeau, whose daughter Yvonne was married to Sarsfield’s brother-in-law Frank McKenna.  A history of the hotel, written in 1979, goes into great detail about how so many of the buildings’ residents were interconnected, living and working in close proximity.


La Presse, 18 juillet 1902 p7

It is also interesting to note that when some of the people moved to smaller premises they did not move that far away.  Peradeau sold his house in 1928 to Lady Hermine LeBlanc (his son’s mother-in-law) and moved to the Chateau Apartments at 1321 Sherbrooke Street.  Sarsfield’s widow Estelle McKenna sold their home in 1942 and moved to the same building with her daughter Lorraine.  Sarsfield’s two sisters Teresa and Honora only lived a block away in the Linton Apartments at 1509 Sherbrooke Street.

It is from the late 1930s that the neighbourhood started to change from this elegant single family living to that of a more business oriented residence – with the buildings being used as both home and business.  The Berthier sisters lived above their fancy dressmaking business, from 1942; and Perodeau’s home and its immediate neighbour became a hotel and the house on the other side of the Cuddy house became a gentleman’s club.  And now the whole block is a hotel offering a taste of the elegance and luxury enjoyed by the original owners.

Please read my biography of Sarsfield here.


Hotel Chateau Versailles: a history, Betty Guernsey, Hotel Chateau Versailles, 1979

Montreal’s Sherbrooke Street: the spine of the city, Mackay L Smith, Infinite Books, 2006

Dictionary of Family Biography – Sarsfield Ludger Emmett Cuddy (Jan 2016)

St Andrew’s Dinner – politics – Montreal, 1835

Montreal Gazette, 19 December 1835, page 2


The Editor of the Vindicator, though now in Quebec, pretends to have a perfect knowledge of what is going on in Montreal, but the errors into which he falls, are sometimes ridiculous in the extreme.  At telling a falsehood, he does not stickle much, if we are to judge by the numerous assertion he makes about the persons present at the late St Andrew’s Dinner. He sometime ago said that Mr Murrogh the protonotary, was present – he was not.  Yesterday, he asserts that the Deputy Sheriff the Solicitor General and Mr Buchanon King’s Counsel, attended.  We give to this statement a plump denial.


He would insinuate that the Rifle Corps has been organized through the instrumentality of the Constitutional Association – this we also deny; there is no connection between them.


He would also insinuate that the national societies in this city are political associations.  This is another error.  They have been formed from charitable motives – politics are never discussed at the meetings, and a difference of opinion is no bar to admission.  That a great majority may be of one political party, cannot be a matter of surprise, when it is considered that they hail a common origin, have been educated in the same principles, and are equally proscribed by the faction that seeks to dominate over this province.  When met at the social board, they cannot be expected to drown all their preconceived opinions, and when a routine toast is proposed, they may receive or reject it, just as their conscience and judgement may direct.  Their annual reports which detail the expenditure of their funds will prove that “to relieve the distressed” is their benevolent and honourable object.

Calling all Paulin(e)s and Paulin(e) descendants! Reunion 2019

Mary and Frederick Pauline at Tod House, circa 1892, c. BC Archives.


I have decided to do it!  I am putting out a call for all descendants of Frederick and Mary Paulin(e) to assembly in July 2019 in Victoria, BC.

Exact details are yet to be worked out, including specific dates in July, but I am hoping that many will be interested in coming to BC, and seeing the place where the family lived for so many years, and meeting up with all of the various cousins.  I am asking that all who are interested in attending to please contact me so I can go about organising some events, notably a gathering at the Tod House to recreate the family photo from 1892 of the gang on the porch, also a dinner or BBQ depending on numbers, and tours of the Oak Bay area, and maybe the legislature.

Children of Frederick and Mary Paulin(e)

  • Louise Mary Paulin


  • Frederick Arthur Paulin


  • George Pauline


  • Ernest Alfred Paulin


  • Herbert William Pauline


  • Bessie Pauline


  • Amy Pauline


  • Florence Pauline


  • Violet Pauline


  • Sarah Pauline


  • Marion Pauline


  • John Albert Pauline


  • Nellie Pauline



So please contact me, and tell me if you are interested….






Confederation celebrated in London, 1917

Montreal Gazette, 2 July 1917, page 1

Confederation commemorated in Motherland

Special Jubilee Services Yesterday in Three of London’s most Representative Churches

Were Largely attended

Official Celebration Today includes service in Westminster Abbey at Noon and Public Reception in Afternoon

Special Cable from the Gazette’s Resident Staff Correspondent

London, July 1 – The Dominion Day celebrations are being spread over three days here, as various sporting, sacred and social events are taking place over the week-end, though the official celebration is  fixed for Monday.  Today in three representative London churches, special services of commemoration and thanksgiving were held, namely in St Columbia’s Church of Scotland, Belgravia, the Marylebone Parish Church and the Westminster Catholic Cathedral.

At St Columba’s, Lt-Col Beattie of the chaplain’s staff, London, was the preacher, and delivered a sermon dealing with the struggle of the Dominion towards prosperity, in which he singled out as powerful factors in the growth the heritage of high principle and loyalty to the throne, and religious faith.

At the Duchess of Connaught Hospital at Cliveden a large attendance from town gathered, including among others was General Sir RW Turner.

The visitors witnessed an excellent programme of sports on Saturday.  Men in all stages of convalescence were ranged under the trees in beds and chairs or on crutches. The baseball game between the Astorias and the Epsom Canadians resulted in a victory for the former by a score of eleven to two.  The trophies of the day were distributed by Lady Perley.

Tomorrow the Canadian troops will have a general holiday, the fixtures including a commemoration service at noon at Westminster Abbey, a public reception arranged by the Royal Colonial Institute in the afternoon, and also sports in the various camps of the Canadian troops.

Rev Major Smyth of Montreal, who is on chaplain duty in London, has left for a visit of the British front on the invitation of the Imperial Government.

St Andrew’s Society Meeting, Rasco’s Hotel, Montreal, 1835

12 November 1835, page 2


We beg to remind the members of the St Andrew’s Society that the November quarterly meeting will be held at Rasco’s Hotel, this evening, at seven o’clock.  As the election of office-bearers for the ensuing year, by the Rules of the Society is appointed for this general meeting, a numerous assembly of members is expected.


We are glad to find the example shown by Montreal in the formation of the St Andrew’s Society, followed in different parts of the two provinces.  Already we have recorded the proceedings of the sons of Scotia resident in Quebec and Niagara; we have now the pleasure of directing attention to the following proceedings by which it will be observed that a St Andrew’s Society has been established for the Newcastle District in the upper province.

At a numerous meeting of gentlemen held at Piper’s Hotel Grafton on Friday 30th October, favourable to the formation of a St Andrew’s Society in the district.


John Steele Esq of Colborne being called to the Chair, and Mr John Irvine of Coburg appointed secretary, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:


Resolved that in the opinion of this meeting, it is expedient to form a St Andrew’s Society for benevolent purposes

Resolved that the society be called “The District of Newcastle St Andrew’s Society.”

Resolved that a committee of eight be appointed to draft rules and regulations for the government of the society, and that they be empowered to receive the names of such individuals as may be inclined to become members – four of whom to form a quorum.

Resolved that the following gentlemen constitute the committee: Messrs John Steele, Dugald Campbell, John Taylor, Alexander Jack, John Irvine, David Brodie, Kenneth Mackenzie and Capt John Macdonald.

Resolved that a public meeting of the society be held at Grafton on Monday 16th November next at three o’clock pm to receive the report of the committee to adopt rules and regulations for the constitution of the society, and to elect office-bearers for the ensuing year – and that a notice be given  in the Cobourg papers of the same.

Resolved – that the editors of the Cobourg papers be requested to publish the foregoing resolutions.

John Steele, Chairman

John Irvine, Secretary

Grafton, 30th October 1835.

Contemplating a Family Reunion – Descendants of Frederick and Mary Paulin(e) – for 2019

tod house 1
Tod House, Victoria, 2008


There has been this idea which has been visiting me now for a wee bit of time, the idea of having all of the descendants of Frederick and Mary Paulin(e) photographed on the porch of the Tod House in Victoria, in a similar pose made by the family in 1891-2.  I know, it sounds a bit whacky, but I am seriously thinking of a family reunion, which would include this.

So I am sending this idea out into the world via the internet and see what people think.

Of course there are issues to be addressed by this idea.  The first is that the City of Oak Bay, who own the historic Tod House, no longer include in the rental agreement the proviso that with notice people can tour the house. (They stopped about ten years ago) It is treated like a normal residential rental, even though the municipality owns the home because it is the oldest house west of Winnipeg.  Would we actually be allowed to gather in front of the house and have our pictures taken as a group?  I am unsure as to the reception.  When I last asked about visiting the place, the person in charge was not particularly warm to the idea, nor any understanding of why family would want to visit there.

Then there are the basics – when would be a good time to hold the event?  I mean summer is wonderful for the weather, and people do get the time off then, usually.  But it is also more expensive for hotels as this is peak tourist season.   How would I contact the descendants?  I do keep in contact with a handful of descendants, and according to ancestry there are Five – yes Five – people in my Ancestry circle related to Frederick – but only four to his wife.  (Yeah – someone thinks that he had children with someone else – though where he found the time with the 13 he had with Mary Cutler – I don’t know).  And well then there is the distance – I don’t live in Victoria/Oak Bay, I don’t live in BC – how does one go about such a task?  It is a bit daunting.

So here it is – my vague plan – to have a reunion of the descendants of the 13 children of Frederick Paulin(e) of Henley-on-Thames and his wife Mary Cutler of Kew : to meet sometime in 2019 in Victoria, BC, and to pose together like Fred, Mary and many of their children and grandchildren did outside their family home, Tod House, in Oak Bay, British Columbia.

Ideas, comments, suggestions all gratefully accepted.


12th of July, Montreal, 1877

Montreal Gazette, 6 July 1877, page 2

THE TWELFTH OF JULY – Many rumors have been circulated pro and con during the past few days relative to the Twelfth of July and an Orange parade on that day.  In an interview with Ald Wilson, Chairman of Police, the latter remarked that he did not apprehend any trouble on the day in question; in fact he thought there was much more speculation in than reason for the rumors to the contrary.  The following letters have passed relative to the affair, and were omitted accidentally from the Gazette of yesterday:-

[copy] Orange Hall, no 81 St James Street

Montreal, July 3, 1877

Sir – I have been instructed by the Celebration Committee to write to you, to inform you that the Orangemen of the city intend to celebrate the anniversary of the 12th July by having a peaceable religious ceremony at some place to be hereinafter named, if they are allowed so to do without being molested with on the way.

But having been threatened with violence, we ask and claim the protection of the police.

And we also intend to claim military protection, in order to assist the civil authorities.

I am, sir,

Yours, etc

John Hamilton

Secretary C Committee

To His Worship the Mayor

Mayor’s Office, City Hall

Montreal, 4th July 1877

John Hamilton, Esq, Secretary Orange Celebration Committee:-

Sir, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of yesterday, in which you inform me that the Orangemen of the city intend celebrating the anniversary of the 12th of July, by a religious ceremony and procession.

I will state in reply, that I am advised that inasmuch as the Association referred to in your letter is not legally constituted, it has no right to claim as a body any further protection from the civic authorities than that which every citizen is individually entitled to under ordinary circumstances.

I may add, that in view of the excitement and ill-feeling which the proposed demonstration is likely to create in our mixed community, and the many threatening rumors which have recently reached me, and anxious as I am that the harmony and good feeling characterized the relations between the different creeds and nationalities, of which our fair city is composed, should be preserved, I would most earnestly and confidently entreat the Orangemen to reconsider their decision, and, as good and loyal citizens, to avoid in their celebration any outside demonstration which may provoke a conflict, the evil consequence of which could not but be most deplorable.

I have the honor to be, Sir

Your most obedient servant,

Jean Louis Beaudry

Mayor of the City of Montreal

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