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Lazarus Cohen, Obituary, Montreal 1914

Montreal Daily Star, 30 November 1914, page 3

Lazarus Cohen Well Known Here, Died on Sunday

After a short illness Lazarus Cohen of L Cohen & Son, coal merchants, died yesterday at 228 Bishop Street.

Mr Cohen was born in Russian Poland in 1844 and came to Canada when about twenty years of age. Beginning his American career in Moberly, Ont., as a merchant and lumberman he established a sound business and became favourably known throughout the Sharbot Lake country.

Thirty years ago he came to Montreal.  He was deeply interested in charity work and communal affairs.  He was an officer of the McGill College Avenue Synagogue and was the president of that institution for several years.

The Hebrew Free School on St Urbain Street was erected chiefly on his initiative.  He was a benefactor of the Mount Sinai Sanatorium, a life governor of the Montreal General Hospital and a life governor of the baron de Hirsch Institute.

Besides being the senior member of L Cohen & Son, he was a member of the firm of WR Cuthbert & Co.  He was also interested in a number of dredging companies and some of the most important dredging in the St Lawrence River has been conducted under his personal supervision.

He is survived by his widow and two sons, Lyon Cohen and AZ Cohen.  The funeral took place this afternoon from the residence to the McGill College Avenue Synagogue.  Interment was in the Shaar Hashomayum Cemetery.


Archives contain the darndest things….1938

I was doing research in the Archives today and came across this letter.  While the file is not restricted, I have taken the liberty of editing out the author’s name.

RG 3 Vol 2188 File 11-23-6 Pt 1

Viking, Alberta

March 21, 1938

The Postmaster General,

Ottawa, Canada

Dear Sir,

I was to receive a set of ten Sex-books free if I enrolled for a course of Health and Strength building from Charles Atlas in New York within a certain time.

This I did and I have wrote him asking for the books.  He replied, saying, that due to a recent Canadian ruling his books could not be sent to Canada as they were not allowed across the Canadian Border.

Is this so?  I can’t see why these books should not be allowed in Canada as there are sex-books sold here as well as in the States.

Will you please answer this letter as soon as possible.

I understand there is no duty on gifts, so would these books come free of duty?  as they were to be a gift.

Yours truly,


April 6th, 1938


Box 52,

Viking, Alberta

Dear Sir,

I wish to acknowledge receipt of your letter of the 21st ultimo respecting the importation into Canada of books relating to a course of Health and Strength Building by Charles Atlas, New York.

In Reply, I may say that as this is a matter coming under the jurisdiction of the Department of National Revenue, we have transferred your letter to that department for attention.

Yours Truly,


Oldest Lady in Glengarry, 1869

Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 23 May 1869, page 2


A Scoto-Canadian paper says: “In Glengarry (Canada) there is at present living a woman who is 126 years of age.  Her name is Anne Campbell.  She was born in the Island of Skye, in the parish of Brakadale.  At the age of 85 she emigrated to Canada, where, if she survives till next fall, she will have lived 42 years, making her age 127 years.  During all this time she has never had occasion to seek medical aid, nor has she ever as much as tasted medicine.  She is still in possession of all her faculties.”

Cercle Canadien of Beauharnois, 1878

Montreal Gazette, 4 January 1878, page 4


Cercle Canadien of Beauharnois


The performances given by this Club at the town of Beauharnois on the 26th and 27th ultimo received full and hearty applause.  The comical pieces, “La Conversion d’un Pecheu” and “La Chambre a deux lits,” were loudly cheered and deserve a special mention.  MM J Deslauriers and M Payan, who acted in these two dramas, contributed greatly to amuse the audience and to render the entertainment most creditable. “Le Duel a Poudre” was received with shouts of enjoyment and laughter, particularly by the ladies, who showed how they sympathised with the unfortunate fate of “Pelo de Patauville” rendered by MA Painchaud.  A number of amateurs gave their services, and a large crowd was present in the hall.  The band of the 64th Batallion performed its portion of the soiree in very good style. The object of this performance was for charitable purposes and for the maintenance of the Club.  “Le Cercle Canadien” recruits its members amongst the most intellectual youth of Beauharnois and the most influential citizens of the locality.  The Club since its formation has always stood in high esteem in the county of Beauharnois, and every one hopes that it will have a long life.  The patriotic object which associates its members is fully rewarded by the deep consideration which it enjoys in this part of the Province of Quebec.

Service Clubs hold Annual Ball, Victoria, 1924

Victoria Colonist, 8 Feb 1924, page 7


Service Clubs to Hold Annual Ball

Gyro Orchestra will furnish music for Fete at Empress on March 3 – Gyros Offer ideas


The service clubs of Victoria will hold their first annual ball on Monday evening, March 2 in the Empress Hotel Ballroom, Gyro George Paulin told members of the Victoria Gyro Club, at their weekly luncheon gathering yesterday noon in the Hudson’s Bay private dining room.  The Kumtukians, Gyros, Kiwanians and Rotarians are joining together to make this function one of the outstanding affairs of its kind of the season.

Mr Paulin told the Gyros that dancing at the Service Club’s Ball would be held from 9 to 2 am, and the music would be provided by the Gyro Orchestra under the leadership of Gyro Chris Wade.  Supper will be served during the evening.  Messrs George Paulin, Frank Hurton and Earl Duke are representing the Gyro Club on the joint service clubs’ committee which is arranging the ball.

The Gyros are enthusiastically behind the Service Club Ball, and will do all in their power to make it a conspicuous success.  The first suggestion of a combined service clubs function was sponsored by the Gyro Club several months ago, and President Finland stated that it was unfortunate that the service clubs had not had such entertainments in the past.

The luncheon was observed as members’ day, and many and varied suggestions of promoting the organisation’s welfare were received. The need of a class for encouraging members in public speaking, the necessity of the hold of introduction stunts, the inauguration of stunts in the weekly luncheon programme, and the advisability of all members wearing their badges at luncheons, were ideas amongst others, advanced for consideration.

Temperance Among the Indians, St Francis, Quebec, 1878

Montreal Gazette, 22 Jan 1878, page 2


Temperance Among the Indians

A very interesting temperance meeting was held among the Indians of St Francis on Friday last, January 18th.  For a number of years the Church of England has been laboring in that place, and there, as everywhere else, the influence of the Gospel has been neutralized by the thirst of the Indian for intoxicating drinks.  By the efforts of the Revds Octave and Alfred Fortin a beautiful brick church and a comfortable parsonage have been erected in the village.  Through intercourse with the neighbouring French and travel in the United States most of the Indians have acquired a limited knowledge of both English and French.  It is nevertheless, very difficult to reach many of them, especially the young, except through the medium of their own language.  And that has been another serious drawback to the work of the church.  The meeting was called by the Rev Edouard Roy, the present incumbent, and the late director of the Sabrevois College.  The Rev Edwin Benedict, the incumbent of Bristol, PQ and the Rev LN Tucker, the curate at Sorel, occupied seats in the chancel, while about one hundred persons occupied the pews of the church.  The majority of those present were Protestant Indians; there was, however, besides these a goodly number of Roman Catholic Indians and Roman Catholic French-Canadians.  After prayer and singing, the Rev E Roy made a short address and introduced the Rev LN Tucker, who spoke in French.  In the course of an earnest address, the reverend gentleman showed the evils, physical, moral and spiritual, resulting from intemperance, and urged upon his hearers, as men and as Christians, to renounce the death-fraught cup.  The Rev E Benedict next spoke in Indian.  This young man is a native of St Francis, and an Indian.  He studied for some time in the Sabrevois institution, and after undergoing a thorough course of theological training in the Divinity School in Faribault, Minnesota, was admitted on the 17th of June last by Bishop Whipple to the office of Deacon.  For half an hour Mr Benedict kept the audience spell-bound.  He showed, in the most eloquent terms, that alcohol is neither food to nourish the body nor medicine to cure its ailments, but that it is a mere stimulant; that man for the good of his body and of his mind should be temperate in the use of all things; and that the first of God’s creatures dishonors his Maker when he degrades himself to the condition of a drunkard.  The Rev Mr Tucker again came forward to speak in English.  He alluded in fitting terms, to the greatness, moral and material, of the old Indian tribes, and urged upon his hearers, as individuals, to emulate the virtues and the honor of their ancestors, and to break from the degrading bonds of intemperance.  The meeting, as a whole, was a great success.  Hymns in English, in French and in Indian were sung in very good style.  And the Indians and the white men returned to their homes, some resolved to sign the pledge, and all deeply impressed and edified by the words of counsel and of exhortation they had heard.

Montreal Musical Jubilee, 1878

Montreal Gazette, 24 January 1878, page 4


Montreal Musical Jubilee


This project is making commendable progress, and under the able management of the following Committee of Organisation, success in every particular many be deemed certain: – President, Hon Charles J Coursol; First Vice-President, AW Ogilvie, MPP; Second Vice-President, MC Mullarky; Treasurer, Joel Leduc; Secretary, JE Homier; U Perrault and A Carmel, Esqs.

From the printed circular it appears that the jubilee is a competition open to all corps or bands of music of the Dominion of Canada, divided into two classes – first, the class of corps or bands of music formed and organised in Canada, and which were composed of regular soldiers under control and authority of the Government; second, the class of independent corps or bands of music divided into the first and second class.  The regular bands shall have no right to compete with the independent bands, but the first class of the independent bands may compete with the regular bands if they so desire.  The independent bands of the first class shall not compete with those of the second class, nor the latter class with those of the first, and no band shall compete in classes other than those in which they shall have entered.  Five prizes in gold coin of $2,000 in all, and to be divided as follows: Regular bands, $600 and banner; independent bands, first class, $600; second prizes, $400, each receiving a banner; second class – first prize, $300; second prize, $100, each receiving a banner in addition to the prize.  Five judges shall be chosen from the Dominion of Canada and from the United States, and the banners are to be distributed by ladies of different nationalities.

The circular concludes with a number of rules, a copy of which can be had from JSO Dorval, Secretary, box 448 Post Office, Montreal.

Fashion notes, Montreal, 1914

Montreal Daily Star, 15 September 1914, page 8

Sombre Colors for this Fall Seen in Shops

The concerted splendour of Montreal’s fashion shops was to be seen today for the first time, when seven of the leading style centres on St Catherine Street made their formal Autumn openings.  Despite war and sarkings of lean days to come this winter, Dame Fashion is no whit less giddy than she was last spring, for instance.

Her giddiness has taken the form of adopting sombre blacks and browns, however.  The hats and suits are a deliberate attempt at pomposity and soberness.  It is the garb of steppe-dwelling Cossack and moujik that has attracted the designer. There is much fur, and heavy woolly coats, and broadcloth redincote suits, with nothing but the glitter of an occasional jet metal button or ornament to relieve the depressing effect.

“Made in Canada”

If Russia supplied the casus agenda for the designers, it was an easy mode to bring to Canada.  That is why the “Made in Canada” cry of some of the [illegible] is quite in order, and stylish, besides being patriotic.  There is Hudson Bay [illegible] and Alaska wolf, and James’ Bay broad-tail to choose from.  Ermine and skunk betoken the north again, as do muskrat and mink, and silver fox.

In the evening dresses maize and pink and absinthe (that’s a new one, a delectable green shade) supplant former blazing tangoes and vermilions.

Hats bear old trimmings, from pheasants tails to such sized pansies and gilt flowers as never garden produced.  The hats are either tight-fitting cloches or enormous headgear a la Gainsborough.  There are some cocket hats to give a military air and all manner of drooping plumes as a[illegible] contrast.

[illegible] impression that the fashion makers were in[illegible] for the fall things when the war rumors [illegible] made Runneymede to Cromwell.  A stern sort of black and white season with some irresistible colors and geegaws bursting out of the austerity.

A Smart Costume

[illegible] The stuff is a broadcloth, pleated very mannishly in the back.  The padded [illegible] of butler-propriety descends well below the knees; in the front in style of cut-away which was expected, the goods tipple out into as effect, almost eastern.  The skirt flares full to the hips, and there is lace at the collar and cuffs.  Black buttons are arranged to tell at the skirt, the front end of the coat and the sleeves.

Afternoon coats at this store, most of which are in the redingote-tail style are short, while those for street wear are very long indeed.  Tete-de-negre, blue and tartans made in worsted or heavy tweed or rough furry cloth, like men’s great coats last year, are the basis for fall outdoor coats.  A corduroy, called golf-tan in the lexicography of new styles, is the same shade of green as tarnished copper.  It is cut with a cap and raglan sleeves.  The costume is distinctive.

An afternoon dress, canary silk bodice with a black crepe tunic, is another of Ogilvy’s best.  Tasselled sash, rows of little cloth-covered buttons, and a double-folded loop on the skirt, show an expert touch.

A noticeable hat is white satin, with a bandeau of some scraggly-hair fur around the bottom of the crown.  The hair is long, and laps over the side of the brim showing itself a contrast to the white material of the hat shape.

A Bonnie Cap

Hamilton’s has a bonnie close fitting Scotch cap, with sable fur on a mahogany colored velvet.  A fancy mount catches the fur in front. This is of silver filigree, wrought into a most wondrous rose.

A jet band encircles the vast expanse of a Gainsborough shape, and a jet buckle at the front, with a plume is the other ornamentation.

A brown velvet sailor hat is crowned with brown fur and has a gilded flower front and in the back.  A yellow poppy as big as a pond lily, adorns another hat.  Ostrich plumes are noticeable.  There are no ordinary hats.  All are either big or small by the extreme.

Brown chrome stripes in heave chiffon make an effective vest blouse.  There are pockets in front, fit to support the staidest of heavy gold watch chains. The blouse is about the most masculine garment shown for the ladies’ wear in any of the stores.

Military swagger is given to one of Hamilton’s costumes by the close collared coat with a pleated under tunic which gathers the hips into shapely contour. The skirt is balloon shape, the most popular.  Moss green is the color.

Louis Quinze Floor

The Louis Quinze Floor at Fairweather’s Ltd which is claimed as a unique departure in showing merchandise is in itself so imperious that the habits trailed over the floor fleur-de-lis in its carpet should be lovely, and they are.  Taste and practice have collected some distinctive models here.  The cut of a cape, the drapings of a bunched up skirt give one more to appreciate than to describe. There are even styles in corsetry, as Messrs Fairweathers will tell you.  Mde Galbraith of New York, samples an interesting disquisition on the uses of aids to form, and is here for the Fall opening.

There is much fur trimming on Fairweather’s hats.  A turban of black velvet has two ospreys effectively crossed. A chain of gold filigree about an inch wide, limits the top of another crown.  Big purple tassles set with a simple jet band on a black velvet sailor are attractive.

Milady’s muff this year must be shaped like a melon.  A variance is the Rugby football shape, which seems a similar design to the non-technical.  Fox is the fur to wear in a set, and skunk mole, chinchilla, Russian or Hudson Bay sable are a la mode. Seals and Persian lamb, mink and ermine, are the thing for fur coats.

Monkey Fur

The acquisition of monkey-fur to adorn the hats of Montreal women is the prize Goodwin’s lady buyer at Paris carried off when she crowded on the platform of one of the last trains to the sea-board.  Boxes and trunks were got through to England by dint of much persevering, and the stands and models and show-counters at Goodwin’s proclaimed Paris and the boulevards thereof.

Six quails spread their mottled wings and bodies over a brown velvet hat that is to adorn some graceful head.  Two parrots gaze at one another, over the jet mount of a black turban.  And between the birds comes the fur of the peanut loving monk, to serve as a graceful wavy bandeau on a pink satin sailor.

There is a little hat which comes to a velvet point at the front.  Inside the cockade is a cerise plush.  A long pheasant tail darts nearly two feet down over the ears, the daring hat looks peculiar.  Slouched over the eye, tilted almost to slipping off.  It is at once debonair and charming.  Mlle the Paris buyer insists that all the new hats should be worn so perched well over the forehead, with the plume or the silver rose, or what ornament there be, set at the one possible angle.  It is thus Chat they wear them in Par-ee.

“Battleship Grey”

“Battleship Grey” is a series of ominous little sheet-steel slivers, tempered and polished to glitter like jet. They certainly bristle like a British man-o-war, and incidentally are a real ornament to a hat.

That is one of the details in the “Made in Canada” infusion which Morgans have put into their opening. Midnight blue is a shade they introduce.  They revivify bottle green as facing in a cocky little cockate, and corinthe, a regular Omar Khayam of a color, is a luscious new wine-shade.  More huge pansies – these are purple ones, and some cream-yellow poppies with red pollen centres are features.

This is a Russian season, as the cloak and suit man at Morgan’s remarked.  Roman stripe in an under tunic, pleated beneath the broadcloth of the outer coat, is an impressive costume he has to show.  Coats are long, he said, and silk braid and velvet plentiful.  A basket-ribbed French serge catches the eye.  The suit is made into cape-sleeve affairs described as angel-wings in the lingo of the style salon.  Coats of ratine, tartans and tweeds show an assortment that speaks well for the mills of Canada.  Coats are long, half-belted, talled mannish.  Blanket cloth for children’s coats might be adopted by their elders.

The Native Models.

High-trimmed native models, with all the variety of ornament that the French styles offer, are predominant at Scroggie’s.  A black form with pink satin under-facing of the [illegible] and a keen-eyed jet bird between the wings. This is chic and effective.

A dun green is the body of another hat, with a tete-de-vegre feather bandeau.  The sparkle of jet relieved the lack of brilliance.  Ospreys are to be seen on several hats, and ostrich plumes are turned into service on a number of the season’s creations. Large artificial roses add a novel touch to some tight-fitting little turbans.

Russian capes and cloaks stand out in the Scroggie display of street wear.  One tunic tartan had a girdle of crushed black satin with silk tassels and a military collar effect.  In afternoon costumes the Medici  collar, often with a short coat and tight fitting skirt, is to be remembered.

Evening wear runs to maize and pink and blue shades.  Plum is very good, and of course, bottines must match whatever the tone of the dress color.  Scarves and yoke-satins are in the same delicate shades.

Heavy furry cloth seem the most popular for great coats.  Swooping curves or strict military angularity are varied in cut.

A Driscoll model at Dupuis Freres is one of the original costumes among all the fall openings.  This was of French broadcloth, tunic style. The trimming is fur, Alaska sable, and the habit is lined with broche satin.  A yoke in the skirt is of charmeuse silk, the very type of suit to go with a black turban, cerise-faced, which the living models wear with it.

There are some forty costumes paraded on living models for the benefits of Dupuis’ customers.  A honey-comb coat, trimmed with plush at the collar and cuffs attracts more than one inquiry.  The sleeves are raglan style and the coat is half-lined with satin.

The basque idea in evening dress is very popular here.  One charmeuse silk dress has the basque, with an effective belt at the back. With this is a wide-brimmed had, with three shaded ostrich feathers. The hat is Alice blue plush faced with silk and trimmed with a silver rose and a bandeau.

A black velvet sailor is faced with cerise satin under the brim.  Black and new middy flat trimming is used, and a cerise rose in front catches the crown. A plain silver filigree band encircled the top of the soft crown.

The entire store of Dupuis Freres is tastefully decorated for the opening.  An extensive display of furs and dress silks are particularly attractive.

Sarsaparilla Recipe, 18C

Recipe from 18th Century, found in Library and Archives Canada.


Put six ounces of sarsaparilla root, & six pints of boiling water into a sauce pan; which keep at the side of the fire (with the cover loosely on) for four hours, then take out the sarsaparilla root, and braise it.  When braised, put it back into the same liquor, boil down to one half then press out the whole, and afterwards strain through a linen cloth.

Half a pint of the above decoction to be taken three times a day.

[and no, it did not say what it was to cure – so don’t try this at home!]

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