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The Matter of Elizabeth Cutler Bennison, 1889

When there is a will – there is a way – but not always a good way

 

On the 3rd of January 1887, Elizabeth Bennison died aged 81.  A childless widow, she left behind a large extended family of nieces and nephews, great-nieces and nephews to mourn her passing, as well as an estate valued at £7340 19s 10d. In her will she left this healthy estate through a number of bequests, to nineteen different people, some of whom were servants, but most who were the children and grandchildren of two of her brothers.

Despite the dizzying number of beneficiaries and the fact that the estate was connected to that of her previously deceased husband William, the two page will is straightforward and generally simple to understand.  Before explaining the distribution of this wealth, I will first sketch out the cast of characters.

Elizabeth Cutler was born in 1806 in Sherborne, Dorset, the youngest child and only surviving daughter of the Rev John Cutler and his wife Sarah Elizabeth Guise.  At the time of her birth, her father was the headmaster of Sherborne School.  The family was quite large, with ten children born to them between 1787 and 1806.  The range shows the large gap in age between the eldest child and the youngest. Four of her siblings had died in infancy.

Family Chart 1:

Rev John Cutler (1756-1833) & Sarah Elizabeth Guise (1762-1833)

George Annesley Cutler (1787-1798)

Henry Cutler (1788-1839)

William Cutler (1791-1791)

Charlotte Ann Cutler (1792-1793)

John Cutler (1794-1843)

Rev Richard Cutler (1794-1873)

Edward Cutler (1798-1874)

Frederick Cutler (1799-1858)

Ann Cutler(?)

Elizabeth Cutler (1806-1887)

 

Without any diaries or other personal documents from Elizabeth and her siblings, it is difficult to judge what her relationship was with her family.  Her position as youngest and only surviving daughter was no doubt significant to how she was raised, and likely a factor that influenced the fact that she married William Bennison after the death of both of her parents.  I will leave my speculations on birth order there.

In leaving the bulk of her estate to the descendants of only two of her brothers, it is clear that she was picking favourites.  So who were they?  The first brother was John Cutler, who was born in 1794.  John first worked as a clerk in the Royal Ordnance Office at the Tower of London, and then took over the Windsor and Eton Waterworks after the death of his uncle William Henry Cutler in 1833. John acted as a witness to her marriage to William in 1835.  In John’s will (dated 1841 and probated in 1843) Elizabeth and her husband William were given guardianship of his three oldest children, despite the fact that his wife survived him.  In fact John’s will was explicit in its desire to sever the tie between mother and child, stating that his oldest children, Elizabeth, Louisa and William Henry [from here called WH 1] had to steer clear of their mother, not to visit or live nearby, in order to inherit his estate.  He lets his youngest daughter Mary stay with her mother Louisa Freak Cutler. Elizabeth Bennison was the only sibling or family member outside his wife and children whom he mentions in his will.  It is clear that he held her in high regard.

Family Tree 2:

John Cutler (1794-1843) & Louisa Freak (1806-1874)

Elizabeth Cutler Churchill Longman (1828-1915)

Fanny [Louisa] Cutler (1834-c1850)

William Henry Cutler (1835-1895) [WH1]

Mary Cutler (1836-1921)

 

The second brother was Henry Cutler, who was born in 1788.  He married Catherine Cole and together they had two children: William Henry [from here called WH 2] born in 1818 and Catherine born in 1819.  Henry’s wife died shortly after their daughter’s birth, so it possible that Elizabeth might have played some role in their upbringing.  WH 2 became a solicitor and practised in London.  He had a large family of ten children with his wife Emmeline O’Callaghan.  Catherine married Sprott Boyd, a Scottish doctor, and emigrated to New South Wales in 1857. They had three children John (b.1841) Robert Mitchell Boyd (b.1849) and Frances Isabella Fitzgerald (b.1848).

Family Tree 3:

Henry Cutler (1788- ) & Catherine Cole (1793-1819)

William Cutler [WH2] & Emmeline O’Callaghan      Sprott Boyd (1814- ) & Catherine Cutler (1819-1894)

Catherine (1854-1949)                                                          John Archibald (1842-1926)

Julia Ada (1855- )                                                                     Robert Mitchell (1849- )

Constance Emmeline (1857- )                                            Frances Isabelle (1848- )

William Windham Guise (1858-1934)

Edith Georgina (1858-1863)

Herbert Lygon (1862- )

Lennard (1865-1951)

Beatrice Erica (1867-1872)

Lilian Mona (1869- )

Gerald Waring (1875-1935)

 

In writing her will, Elizabeth appointed two men as her executor, men she must have trusted them to see that her estate was protected and her last wishes honoured.  Her first executor was Sprott Boyd.  Sprott and Catherine had returned from Australia in the 1880s with their widowed daughter, Frances and her daughter Elizabeth. Their sons had stayed behind.  By all appearances the family was living a comfortable retirement at a fashionable address in London’s Pimlico. In the 1881 census they had a housemaid, parlour maid, lady’s maid and a cook.

The second executor was Henry Lygon Cutler, the son of Elizabeth’s nephew WH 2, and Sprott’s nephew.  Henry was a solicitor like his father, and had been practising in London.  Elizabeth then,  had chosen two close relatives who were well educated and respectable to guide her estate.

The stage is set, and the characters introduced, and it is time to relate how the estate was settled out.    According to the will the money was to be distributed as follows:

Sprott Boyd Administration: Niece’s husband ½ of Mary Spencer’s trust if she dies and £100 in stock
Herbert Lygon Cutler Administration: Great-Nephew ½ of Mary Spencer’s trust if she dies and £200 in stock
Mary Ann Spencer Husband’s niece £500 in trust
Elizabeth Churchill Longman Niece 3% Annuities, £600
William Henry Cutler [1] Nephew £500
Beatrice Swinley Cutler Great-niece (daughter of WH 1] £100
Lilian Cutler Great-niece (daughter of WH 2] £300
Julia Cutler Great-niece (daughter of WH 2] £300
Constance Cutler Great-niece (daughter of WH 2] £300
Windham Cutler Great-nephew (son of WH 2) £200
Edward Samuel Carpenter   Windham Clock
Elizabeth Susan Lawrence Servant Suit of mourning and £80
Bertha Russell Servant Suit of mourning and £40
Hubert Bennison Churchill Longman Great-nephew (son of Elizabeth Churchill Longman) Inheriting her husband’s estate, and if he dies it goes to his uncle WH 1
John Archibald Boyd Great-nephew (son of Sprott Boyd) Residue of estate in equal shares with siblings
Robert Mitchell Boyd Great-nephew (son of Sprott Boyd) Residue of estate in equal shares with siblings
Frances Isabelle Fitzgerald Great-niece (daughter of Sprott Boyd) Residue of estate in equal shares with siblings

 

In March 1889 WH 1 acting on behalf of his sister Elizabeth Churchill Longman filed a suit in the courts against Sprott Boyd and Herbert Lygon Cutler for the recovery of the amounts due to them from the estate of Elizabeth Bennison. It appears from newspaper coverage of the case, that Herbert Cutler was responsible for the managing of the financial portion of the estate.  After selling the 3% consolidated bank annuities, Herbert had his Uncle Sprott co-sign cheques made out to WH1, his daughter Beatrice, and his sister Elizabeth, and rather than delivering them to the beneficiaries, he endorsed them with forged signatures and disappeared.  His departure was not before he destroyed all the estate’s paperwork.  And he disappeared totally, as I have been unable to find any trace of him in the genealogical record.

WH1 and Elizabeth Longman sued their cousin’s husband for their money, stating that they did not consent to the sale of the 3% stock, and that as executor, he was responsible for the sums due to them.  While the court felt that the sale of the stock was within the rights of the trustees of the stock, they agreed on the second point.  While they were sympathetic to the defendant’s position and the hardship the judgment would cause, they stated that an executor had the responsibility to distribute the sums stated in the will if the estate could cover the.  Sprott was ordered to pay £618 to Elizabeth Longman, £515 to WH1, and £103 to Beatrice Cutler.

And so it ended.  There is no indication that Sprott failed to reimburse his wife’s cousins.  The newspaper coverage concentrated on the most spectacular nature of the theft – after all it was a lot of money, and he had been in a position of trust, there is a far more spectacular story of a family in turmoil.  In knowing the relationship between the executors and legatees, plaintiffs and defendants, it speaks to a far deeper wound to the family.  Herbert stole money from the estate of his great-aunt, he deprived his cousins of their inheritance, and left his uncle holding the bag.  And then he disappeared, destroying the estate papers before he left, which no doubt had an effect the dispursal of the rest of the estate, which impacted more cousins and siblings. Cousin sued cousin, and in the end it was more than just money.

Bibliography

  • National Archives, Probate 11/1979
  • Western Daily Press, 20 March 1889, page 3
  • Bristol Mercury, 30 March 1889, page 8
  • The Law Times Reports of Cases Decided in the House of Lords, the Privy Council, the Court of Appeal, the Chancery Division, the Queen’s Bench, the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division, and the Court for the Consideration of Crown cases Reserved, Vol LX from March to August 1889, London, Horace Cox, page 859.
  • The Admission Registers of St Paul’s School from 1748 to 1846, edited with Biographical Notices and Notes on the Earlier Masters and Scholars of the School from the Time of its Foundation, Rev Robert Barlow Gardiner, London, George Bell and Sons, 1884, page 359.
  • 1881 Census, St Giles in the Fields, London
  • 1891 Census, Bath, Somerset
  • 1881 Census, Westminster
  • Will of Elizabeth Bennison, Principal Registry, 1885
  • Burke’s Distinguished Families of America, London, Burke’s Peerage Ltd, page 2573-4
  • England-Wales National Probate Calendar, 1887.
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Oldest Lady in Glengarry, 1869

Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper, 23 May 1869, page 2

 

A Scoto-Canadian paper says: “In Glengarry (Canada) there is at present living a woman who is 126 years of age.  Her name is Anne Campbell.  She was born in the Island of Skye, in the parish of Brakadale.  At the age of 85 she emigrated to Canada, where, if she survives till next fall, she will have lived 42 years, making her age 127 years.  During all this time she has never had occasion to seek medical aid, nor has she ever as much as tasted medicine.  She is still in possession of all her faculties.”

Cercle Canadien of Beauharnois, 1878

Montreal Gazette, 4 January 1878, page 4

 

Cercle Canadien of Beauharnois

 

The performances given by this Club at the town of Beauharnois on the 26th and 27th ultimo received full and hearty applause.  The comical pieces, “La Conversion d’un Pecheu” and “La Chambre a deux lits,” were loudly cheered and deserve a special mention.  MM J Deslauriers and M Payan, who acted in these two dramas, contributed greatly to amuse the audience and to render the entertainment most creditable. “Le Duel a Poudre” was received with shouts of enjoyment and laughter, particularly by the ladies, who showed how they sympathised with the unfortunate fate of “Pelo de Patauville” rendered by MA Painchaud.  A number of amateurs gave their services, and a large crowd was present in the hall.  The band of the 64th Batallion performed its portion of the soiree in very good style. The object of this performance was for charitable purposes and for the maintenance of the Club.  “Le Cercle Canadien” recruits its members amongst the most intellectual youth of Beauharnois and the most influential citizens of the locality.  The Club since its formation has always stood in high esteem in the county of Beauharnois, and every one hopes that it will have a long life.  The patriotic object which associates its members is fully rewarded by the deep consideration which it enjoys in this part of the Province of Quebec.

Acock’s Green Star v St George’s Wanderers, Birmingham, 1881

Birmingham Daily Post, 30 December 1881, page 5

 

Football

Acock’s Green Star v St George’s Wanderers – This match was played on the ground of the former club, at Acock’s Green on Tuesday.  The home team kicked off at 3 pm, uphill.  The Star only played nine men.  After a pleasant match, the Acock’s Green Star were victorious by eight goals to none.  Acock’s Green Star: Goal Taylor; back F Pauline; half-back, Hart; forwards, Adams, Langley, EA Pauline (Captain), Neale, Stevens and Bradburn.  Wanderers: Goal, Tandy; backs, Ashton and Griffiths; half-back Ashton; forwards, Truman (captain), Cook, Dial, Underhill, James, Butler and Bidmer.

Acock’s Green Star v. St George’s Rangers – This match was played at Acock’s Green on Tuesday, and, after a well-contested game, ended in favour of the Rangers by one goal to none.  Acock’s Green Star: Goal, Adams; back, F Pauline; half-backs F Jenkins, Hart and Stephens; forwards Langley, Bradburn, Pauline (Captain), A Jenkins, Taylor and Stevens.

Temperance Among the Indians, St Francis, Quebec, 1878

Montreal Gazette, 22 Jan 1878, page 2

 

Temperance Among the Indians

A very interesting temperance meeting was held among the Indians of St Francis on Friday last, January 18th.  For a number of years the Church of England has been laboring in that place, and there, as everywhere else, the influence of the Gospel has been neutralized by the thirst of the Indian for intoxicating drinks.  By the efforts of the Revds Octave and Alfred Fortin a beautiful brick church and a comfortable parsonage have been erected in the village.  Through intercourse with the neighbouring French and travel in the United States most of the Indians have acquired a limited knowledge of both English and French.  It is nevertheless, very difficult to reach many of them, especially the young, except through the medium of their own language.  And that has been another serious drawback to the work of the church.  The meeting was called by the Rev Edouard Roy, the present incumbent, and the late director of the Sabrevois College.  The Rev Edwin Benedict, the incumbent of Bristol, PQ and the Rev LN Tucker, the curate at Sorel, occupied seats in the chancel, while about one hundred persons occupied the pews of the church.  The majority of those present were Protestant Indians; there was, however, besides these a goodly number of Roman Catholic Indians and Roman Catholic French-Canadians.  After prayer and singing, the Rev E Roy made a short address and introduced the Rev LN Tucker, who spoke in French.  In the course of an earnest address, the reverend gentleman showed the evils, physical, moral and spiritual, resulting from intemperance, and urged upon his hearers, as men and as Christians, to renounce the death-fraught cup.  The Rev E Benedict next spoke in Indian.  This young man is a native of St Francis, and an Indian.  He studied for some time in the Sabrevois institution, and after undergoing a thorough course of theological training in the Divinity School in Faribault, Minnesota, was admitted on the 17th of June last by Bishop Whipple to the office of Deacon.  For half an hour Mr Benedict kept the audience spell-bound.  He showed, in the most eloquent terms, that alcohol is neither food to nourish the body nor medicine to cure its ailments, but that it is a mere stimulant; that man for the good of his body and of his mind should be temperate in the use of all things; and that the first of God’s creatures dishonors his Maker when he degrades himself to the condition of a drunkard.  The Rev Mr Tucker again came forward to speak in English.  He alluded in fitting terms, to the greatness, moral and material, of the old Indian tribes, and urged upon his hearers, as individuals, to emulate the virtues and the honor of their ancestors, and to break from the degrading bonds of intemperance.  The meeting, as a whole, was a great success.  Hymns in English, in French and in Indian were sung in very good style.  And the Indians and the white men returned to their homes, some resolved to sign the pledge, and all deeply impressed and edified by the words of counsel and of exhortation they had heard.

Montreal Musical Jubilee, 1878

Montreal Gazette, 24 January 1878, page 4

 

Montreal Musical Jubilee

 

This project is making commendable progress, and under the able management of the following Committee of Organisation, success in every particular many be deemed certain: – President, Hon Charles J Coursol; First Vice-President, AW Ogilvie, MPP; Second Vice-President, MC Mullarky; Treasurer, Joel Leduc; Secretary, JE Homier; U Perrault and A Carmel, Esqs.

From the printed circular it appears that the jubilee is a competition open to all corps or bands of music of the Dominion of Canada, divided into two classes – first, the class of corps or bands of music formed and organised in Canada, and which were composed of regular soldiers under control and authority of the Government; second, the class of independent corps or bands of music divided into the first and second class.  The regular bands shall have no right to compete with the independent bands, but the first class of the independent bands may compete with the regular bands if they so desire.  The independent bands of the first class shall not compete with those of the second class, nor the latter class with those of the first, and no band shall compete in classes other than those in which they shall have entered.  Five prizes in gold coin of $2,000 in all, and to be divided as follows: Regular bands, $600 and banner; independent bands, first class, $600; second prizes, $400, each receiving a banner; second class – first prize, $300; second prize, $100, each receiving a banner in addition to the prize.  Five judges shall be chosen from the Dominion of Canada and from the United States, and the banners are to be distributed by ladies of different nationalities.

The circular concludes with a number of rules, a copy of which can be had from JSO Dorval, Secretary, box 448 Post Office, Montreal.

Deliberately hitting a genealogical brick wall – in the name of history! 2017

While I consider myself a really good researcher, I have to admit to a great reluctance in looking into the several family lines who were called SMITH.  I am sure that most people are aware of just how common Smith is as a last name – it is!  This is further complicated by the fact that these Smith relatives made their homes in Birmingham, England – a city built on craftsmen – Silversmiths, gunsmiths, blacksmiths, etc.  Occupational names can be a pain in the ass. Truthfully, I have just avoided these families and instead built my family history around them, not delving in too deeply into their lines except where they join mine.  This changed two weeks ago.

I was approached about one of my Smiths, specifically Maude Smith, who was my grandfather’s first cousin.  Could I trace her family to find living members who were more closely related to her than myself?

And so the adventure began.  So what I knew starting the research on Maude’s family.  She was the daughter of Sidney Smith and Kate Jennings.  I have their marriage certificate, and they were married on the 19th of June 1881 at St Edburga’s Church in Yardley.  According to the certificate Sidney was the son of John Smith.  His wife Kate was the daughter of Isaac Jennings, Butcher and publican at the Swan Pub in Yardley.  She was the sister of my great-grandmother Emma Jennings Paulin.

From the census (and from talking with my family) I have listed four siblings:  Sidney John Smith born in 1885, Percival Thomas Smith born in 1889, Leslie Hampton Smith, born in 1896 and Dorothy Mary Smith born in 1898. I know for certain this is the family from these sources, but then this is where things get complicated.  I have found no marriages for any of her siblings.  I know Maude never married, so she is easy.  Also because her name was Isabel Maude Kate Jennings, she is relatively easy to trace.  I thought that it would be easy enough for Leslie Hampton –but he does not appear to have married either.  I don’t know about Dorothy – a rather common name.  I found a death for a Dorothy Mary Smith in the 1970s but I cannot be sure this is the same person.  Cannot find anything yet on Sidney John.

Then there is Percival Thomas – there are two Percival Thomas Smiths in Birmingham of about the same age.  One is the son of a bricklayer, so not the same, but some records don’t allow this kind of precision.  My mom was sure Percy had children – so I am assuming he was married, but so far no luck.  The other Percival Thomas was married twice.

Another problem, and this was highlighted in my search on Ancestry, there is another couple called Sidney and Kate Smith.  And it appears that two members decided my Sidney and Kate is the same as theirs, but they did not look too closely at the sources – like there are two different households with those names.  The other Sidney was the son of William and Kate’s maiden name was Cashmore.  They also lived in Birmingham.  It is rather complicated and darn frustrating.

So I have made myself a new brick wall.  I will keep at it, of course.

If anyone has information on Sidney Smith from Bickenhill, jeweller/commercial traveller and his wife Kate Jennings Smith, and of course their children Isabel Maude Kate (suffragette), Dorothy Mary, Percival Thomas, Leslie Hampton (who worked at Dunlops) and Sidney John then please contact me.

Here is a picture of some of the Smith family…. with my family

Wedding Grace Paulin & Herbert Goodson, 1917, Photo courtesy D Thornton

Front (Left to right) – Kate Jennings Smith, Hilda Paulin Curtis, Irene Paulin Hunting, Emma Jennings Paulin and Dennis Hunting.  Back (left to right) Norman Paulin, Herbert Goodson, Grace Paulin Goodson, Sidney Smith, and Maude Smith.

Sidney gave Grace away at the wedding as her father had passed away in 1912.

Robbing a relative, Isaac Jennings, Yardley, 1860

Ari’s Birmingham Gazette, 26 March 1860, page 4

Philip Butler and Thomas Cullon were charged with stealing 10£ belonging to Isaac Jennings, of Yardley. – Mr Elers for the prosecution; the EC Leigh for the defence. – The prosecutor is a licenced [sic]victualler, and the prisoners called at his house on the 24th of January last.  He was about to pay money to a party in the house, and having occasion to leave the kitchen for a short time, he left his purse containing 10£ on the kitchen table until his return.  During the absence of the prosecutor, one of the prisoners took the purse, and both ran away.  They were, however, immediately pursued and captured a short distance from the house.  Verdict – “guilty”.  Sentence six weeks imprisonment.

Death of Sir Hugh Allan of Ravenscrag, 1882

Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald, 16 Dec 1882, page 4

The announcement on Monday last, of the death of Sir Hugh Allan, of Ravenscrag, Montreal, at 27 St Andrew’s Street, Edinburgh, will revive the interest of the natives of the Saltcoats seaboard in the career of a family whose name has become a household word on both sides of the Atlantic, and which must date its rise from the time when Alex Allan, the founder of the great “Allan Line” went down to Saltcoats to learn the trade of ship carpenter.  Like many of the other great mercantile and shipping firms in this country and America, that of the Allans has been the growth of a couple of generations, and the colossal proportions it has reached, are due to the conditions which are always dominant in such cases, the possession of that kind of courage which is know as enterprise, and which does not allow talent to be lost to the world, coupled with that unflagging industry which is somewhere said to be the true test of Nature’s nobility.  The first of the Allans connected with the sea was Alexander Allan, father of the late Sir Hugh Allan.  In his youth he learned to be a shoemaker in Kilmarnock, or rather, in its suburb of Riccarton, but luckily did not “Stick to his last”  His nature was too robust for such a monotonous calling.  Ship-building and the sea, so to speak, better suited his complaint and he went down to Saltcoats and learned to be a ship-carpenter.  On completing his apprenticeship he went to sea, and not long afterwards sailed as mate with the Late Capt John Wilson, whom many of our Saltcoats readers will remember in his old days as a bookseller in Dockhead Street.  He did not require to sail long as mate, for we hear of him being shortly after master of the brig, Hero, of Irvine, with the late Hugh Crawford, (father of Capt David Crawford of Clydeview, Irvine; and Clydeview, Ardrossan) as mate.  Mr Crawford succeeded him as master of the Hero, and our hero, Captain Allan, about this time, married into a family of the name of Crawford residing in Saltcoats.  The Crawfords occupied a snug little cottage in Castleweerock and daughter Jean took the fancy of Capt Allan, while his former mate, Capt Crawford was more than pleased with the charms of her sister Margaret, the result being that the two sisters were married to the two young skippers away back in the early years of the present century.  It will, perhaps, be news to many of the Irvine folks who are strong in the matter of local tradition, to learn that what may, in a sense, be called the first of the “Allan Line” of ships was built in the Irvine shipyard of Messrs Gilkison & Rankin. After quitting the brig Hero, the brig Jean (named probably after his wife) was built for Captain Allan, he being part owner.  If we remember the narrative, as it was told us, aright, the Gilkinsons of Irvine were also part owners; and, at all events, it was in this vessel, “The Jean” that Capt James Brown of Bogalde, brother of the Ex-Provist Brown, served his apprenticeship.  “The Jean” traded

[illegible]  Capt Allan’s next vessel was a brig, “The Favourite” and in it he made two voyages annually to Montreal.  “The Favourite” gave place in the course of time to the ship, “Canada” which he continued to command as captain until he retired from the sea.  The late James Allan, the eldest son of Captain Alexander Allan and Bryce Allan, a younger son, took up the North American trade after their father, the “Arabian” under command of Capt James Allan, making many voyages between Greenock and Montreal.  About the year 1839 Capt David Crawford of Clyde View, sailed with him (Capt James Allan) from the Clyde.  James, who was the oldest son, and Alexander, the youngest, eventually settled down in Glasgow as ship-owners, and Hugh who died the other day, Sir Hugh Allan (as above noticed), along with Andrew went into business as merchants in Montreal.  So successful were they that the former was reputed to be one of the richest, if not the richest man in Canada.  The Allans have numerous family connections in this part of the county (Agnes Crawford, wife of Jas McKie, the Kilmarnock publisher, being a cousin of the late Sir Hugh) and the natives of Saltcoats district cherish, with natural pride, the traditions of the Allan family, in common with those of other Saltcoats families who have earned distinction by “following the sea.”  Since the brig, “Jean,” left the slips in the Irvine ship yard, an immense change has taken place in the shipping trade, and old Captain Allan, who was a splendid type of the old school, it may be mentioned, stoutly stood out against the introduction of steam.  Not till after his death was it introduced into the Allan Line.  His sons, however, as their splendid fleet of ships testify, were not slow to take advantage of the new power, and adapt themselves to the new style of things.  The career of the Allan family, in both generations, is another illustration of the fact that “the hand of the diligent maketh rich” and of the other assurances, given on equally good authority, that “he that is diligent in business shall stand before kings.”

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