Dictionary of Family Biography

frederick pauline
Frederick Pauline, as speaker of the BC Legislature, c. BC Archives.

Frederick Arthur Paulin(e)

Frederick Arthur Paulin (1861-1955) was born the 19th of September 1861, in Henley-on-Thames, England.  He was the second child and first son of Frederick Paulin, brewer, and his wife Mary Cutler.  He was one of thirteen children.  He used the spelling Pauline from 1884 onwards.

Frederick received a good education, attending Henley’s Grammar School and St Mary’s College in London. The family lived in Henley until 1873, when his father sold the Union Brewery and used the profits to purchase the Anchor Brewery in Peckham, London.  When Frederick (Sr) went bankrupt, the family moved to the West Midlands, settling in Acock’s Green by 1880.

It was here that Frederick is shown in his first employ, as an accountant.  While in Birmingham he was the forward to the Acock’s Green Star football (soccer) club.  His younger brother Ernest was the captain.

In 1883 Frederick made the life-changing decision to emigrate to Canada. It is believed his brother George joined him.  The duo first settled in Winnipeg.  In an interview done years later, he said that he moved to Victoria after experiencing winter there. Once in Victoria he began using the spelling of Pauline.  There are no explanations as to why the “e” was added.

Frederick’s first job was as a reporter for the Victoria Colonist.  He then returned to accountancy, working first for S Leiser, then to J Piercy & Co on Yates Street.  He then went into partnership with Piercy.  It was a wholesale dry goods business.

On the 18th of March 1890 Frederick married Charlotte Mary Mesher, the daughter of George Mesher, a contractor in Victoria.  Together they had three children: Frederick Charles (1891-1948), Francis Hugh (1895-1896) and Oliver William (1898-2000).

In 1911 Frederick retired from his dry goods business and went into politics.  He first served on Victoria City Council, and the Board of Trade.  In 1916 he was elected member of the Legislative Assembly as a Liberal, for Saanich.  While MLA and during the First World War, he served on a commission of inquiry into the BC provincial elections.  This necessitated a visit to BC soldiers serving overseas in 1917.  In 1920-22 he served as deputy speaker for the Legislature, and from 1923-24 he was the speaker.

In 1925 Mount Curly on the British Columbia/Alberta Border was renamed Mount Pauline in his honour.  That same year he was named BC Agent General in London, a post he held until 1931.  Frederick then settled down to a second retirement.

He died on the 30 June 1955, and is buried in Ross Bay Cemetery.

Bibliography

Scottish Field, December 1930.

www.electionsbc.ca/docs/rpt/1871-1986_electoralhistoryofBC.pdf  (30 Oct 2012)

Reading Mercury, Victoria Colonist

Wikipedia

BCGNIS – Mount Pauline

Oxon Brews: The Story of Commercial Brewing in Oxfordshire by Mike Brown, Longfield, Brewing History Society, 2004.

Birth, Marriage, Death certificates

UK Census 1871-1881

Canadian Census 1891-1911

 

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