Matthew Whitworth Aylmer, image from Wikipedia

Part 14

“92 Resolutions”

 

Here is the fourteenth installment of the 92 Resolutions.  Again, because it is seriously long, I am parceling the resolutions out five at a time, and for interest’s sake, am providing biographical information on those mentioned by name in the document.  Enjoy.

 

Taken from :

“The 92 Resolutions” taken from Statutes, Treaties and Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 1713-1929 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1930).

(notes my own)

 

61. Resolved, That the inhabitants of this country have just reason to fear that the claims made to the property of the seminary of St Sulpice, at Montreal, are attributable to the desire of the colonial administration, and its agents and tools, to hasten this deplorable state of things; and that His Majesty’s Government in England would, by re-assuring His faithful subjects on this point, dissipate the alarm felt by the clergy, and by the whole people without distinction, and merit their sincere gratitude.

62. Resolved, That it is the duty of this House to persist in asking for the absolute repeal of the said Tenures Act, and until such repeat shall be effected, to propose to the other branches of the Provincial Parliament such measures as may be adapted to weaken the pernicious effects of the said Act.

63. Resolved, That this House has learned with regret, from one of the said despatches of the Colonial Secretary, that His Majesty has been advised to interfere in a matter which concerns the privileges of this House; that in the case there alluded to, this House exercised a privilege solemnly established by the House of Commons, before the principle on which it rests became the law of the land; that this privilege is essential to the independence of this House, and to the freedom of its votes and proceedings; that the resolutions passed by this House on the 15th of February 1831, are constitutional and well-founded, and are supported by the example of the Commons of Great Britain; that this House has repeatedly passed bills for giving effect to the said principle, but these bills failed to become law, at first from the obstacles opposed to them in another branch of the Provincial Legislature, and subsequently by reason of the reservation of the last of the said bills for the signification of His Majesty’s pleasure in England, whence it has not yet been sent back; that until some bill to the same effect shall become law, this House persists in the said resolutions; and that the refusal of His Excellency, the present Governor in Chief [Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer, 5th Baron Aylmer, 1775-1850, see: http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=3723 ], to sign a writ for the election of a knight representative for the county of Montreal, in the place of Dominique Mondelet, esquire [1799-1863, see: http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=4605&interval=20&&PHPSESSID=h561970gou4f56jamemrkkadc3 ] whose seat has been declared vacant, is a grievance of which this House is entitled to obtain redress, and one which would alone have sufficed to put an end to all intercourse between it and the Colonial Executive, if the circumstances of the country had not offered an infinite number of other abuses and grievances against which it is urgently necessary to remonstrate.

64. Resolved, that the claims which have for many years been set up by the Executive Government to that control over and power of appropriating a great portion of the revenues levied in this province, which belong of right to this House, are contrary to the rights and to the constitution of the country; and that with regard to the said claims, this House persists in the declarations it has heretofore made.

65. Resolved, That the said claims of the Executive have been vague and varying; that the documents relative to the said claims, and the accounts and estimates of expenses laid before this House, have likewise been varying and irregular, and insufficient to enable this House to proceed with a full understanding of the subject on the matters to which they related; that important head of the public revenue of the Province, collected either under the provisions of the law or under arbitrary regulations, made by the Executive, have been omitted in the said accounts; that numerous items have been paid out of the public revenue without the authority of this House, or any acknowledgment of its control over them, as salaries for sinecure offices, which are not recognised by this House, and even for other objects of which, after mature deliberation, it had not deemed it expedient to appropriate any portion of the public revenue; and that no accounts of the sums so expended have been laid before this House.

 

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