Part 8

“92 Resolutions”


Here is the eighth installment of the 92 Resolutions.  I now brace myself for a whole parcel load of spam concerning penis enlargement.  Yes, apparently 19th Century political manifestos attract that kind of spam!  Again, because the resolutions are seriously long, I am parceling them out five at a time, and for interest’s sake, am providing biographical information on those mentioned by name in the document.  The notes and links are my own. Enjoy.


Taken from :

“The 92 Resolutions” taken from Statutes, Treaties and Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 1713-1929 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1930).

(Footnotes my own)


36. Resolved, That if, as this House is fond of believing, His Majesty’s Government in England does not wish systematically to nourish civil discord in this colony, the contradictory allegations thus made by the two Houses, make it imperative on it to become better acquainted with the state of the province than it now appears to be, if we judge from its long tolerance of the abuses which its agents commit with impunity; that it ought not to trust to the self praise of those who have the management of the affairs of a colony, passing, according to them, into a state of anarchy; that it ought to be convinced, that if its protection of public functionaries, accused by a competent authority (that is to say by this House, in the name of the people), could for a time by force and intimidation aggravate, in favour of those functionaries and against the rights and interests of the people, the system of insult and oppression which they impatiently bear, the result must be to weaken our confidence in, and our attachment to His Majesty’s Government, and to give deep root to the discontent and insurmountable disgust which have been excited by administrations deplorably vicious, and which are now excited by the majority of the public functionaries of the colony, combined as a faction, and induced by interest alone to contend for the support of a corrupt Government, inimical to the rights and opposed to the wishes of the people.
37.Resolved, That in addition to its wicked and calumnious address of the 1st April 1833, the Legislative Council, as recomposed by the present Governor-in-Chief [George Ramsay, 9th Earl Dalhousie (1770-1838) became Governor General in 1820.  See:], has proved how little community of interest it has with the colony, by the fact that out of sixty four Bills which were sent up to it, twenty eight were rejected by it, or amended in a manner contrary to their spirit and essence; that the same unanimity which had attended the passing of the greater part of these Bills in the Assembly, accompanied their rejection by the Legislative Council, and that an opposition so violent shows clearly that the provincial executive and the council of its choice, in league together against the representative body, do not, or will not, consider it as the faithful interpreter and the equitable judge of the wants and wishes of the people, nor as fit to propose laws conformable to the public will; and that under such circumstances, it would have been the duty of the head of the Executive to appeal to the people, by dissolving the Provincial Parliament, had there been any analogy between the institutions of Great Britain and those of this province.

38. Resolved, That the Legislative Council as recomposed by the present Governor-in-Chief must be considered as embodying the sentiments of the colonial executive Government, and that from the moment it was so recomposed, the two authorities seem to have bound and leagued themselves together for the purpose of proclaiming principles subversive of all harmony in the province, and of governing an domineering in a spirit of blind and invidious national antipathy.

39. Resolved, That the address voted unanimously on the 1st April 1883, by the Legislative Council, as recomposed by the present Governor-in-Chief, was concurred in by the Honourable the Chief Justice of the province, Jonathan Sewell [Jonathan Sewell, Lawyer, politician (1766-1839)], to whom the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Goderich [Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich], in his Despatch communicated to the House on the 25th November, 1831, recommended “a cautious abstinence from all proceedings by which he might be involved in any contention of a party nature,” by John Hale [John Hale, Militia officer, politician, Seigneur (1765-1838)], the present Receiver-General, who in violation of the laws, and the trust reposed in him, and upon illegal warrants issued by the Governor, has paid away large sums of the public money, without any regard to the obedience which is always due to the law; by Sir John Caldwell [John Caldwell, Militia officer, politician, Seigneur (1775-1842)] , Baronet, the late Receiver-General, a peculator, who has been condemned to pay nearly £100,00 to reimburse a like sum levied upon the people of this province, and granted by law to His Majesty, His heirs and successors, for the public use of the province, and for the support of His Majesty’s Government therein, and who has diverted the greater part of the said sum from the purposes to which it was destined, and appropriated it to his private use; by Matthew Bell [Mathew Bell, Militia Officer, politician, Seigneur (1769-1849)] , a grantee of the Crown, who has been unduly and illegally favoured by the Executive, in the lease of the forges of St Maurice, in the grant of large tracts of waste lands, and in the lease of large tracts of land formerly belonging to the order of Jesuits; by John Stewart [John Stewart, Justice of the Peace, Politician (1773-1858)], an Executive Councillor, commissioner of the Jesuit Estates, and the incumbent of other lucrative offices: all of whom are placed by their pecuniary and personal interests under the influence of the Executive; and by the Honourable George Moffatt,[ George Moffatt, Politician, businessman (1787-1865)] Peter McGill,[ Peter McGill, (aka Peter McCutcheon) Politician, businessman (1789-1860)] John Molson,[ John Molson Jr, Politician and businessman (1787-1860)] Horatio Gates, [[1]  Horatio Gates, businessman and politician (1777 (US)-1834).  See:] Robert Jones [Robert Jones, Merchant, Militia Officer (1778-1859] and James Baxter, [James Baxter (1788-1837)] all of whom, as well as those before mentioned, were, with two exceptions, born out of the country, and all of whom, except one, who for a number of years was a member of the Assembly, and has extensive landed property, are but slightly qualified in that respect, and had not been sufficiently engaged in public life to afford a presumption  that they were fit to perform the functions of legislators for life; and by Antoine Gaspard Couillard,[ Antoine Gaspard Couillard, Physician, Seigneur (1789-1847)] the only native of the country, of French origin, who stooped to concur in the address, and who also had never been engaged in public life, and is but very moderately qualified with respect to real property, and who, after his appointment to the council, and before the said 1st of April, rendered himself dependent on the Executive by soliciting a paltry and subordinate place of profit.

40.  Resolved, That the said address, voted by seven councilors, under the influence of the present head of the Executive, and by five others of his appointment (One only of the six other who voted it, the Hon George Moffatt, having been appointed under his predecessor) is the work of the present administration of this province, the expression of its sentiments, the key to its acts, and the proclamation of the iniquitous and arbitrary principles, which are to form its rule of conduct for the future.