Here is the second installment of the 92 Resolutions. Again, because it is seriously long, I am parceling the resolutions out five at a time, and for interest’s sake, am providing biographical information on those mentioned by name in the document. Enjoy.
“The 92 Resolutions” taken from Statutes, Treaties and Documents of the Canadian Constitution, 1713-1929 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1930).
(Footnotes my own)
6. Resolved, That in the year 1827, the great majority of the people of this province complained, in petitions signed by 87,000 persons, of serious and numerous abuses which then prevailed, many of which had then existed for a great number of years, and of which the great part still existed without correction or mitigation.
7. Resolved, That the complaints aforesaid, and the grievance which gave rise to them, being submitted to the consideration of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, occasioned the appointment of a Committee of the House of Commons, of which the Honourable Edward Geoffrey Stanley(Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby (1799-1869). See: http://www.number10.gov.uk/history-and-tour/prime-ministers-in-history/earl-of-derby ) , now His Majesty’s Principal Secretary of State for the Colonial Department, and several others who are now Members of His Majesty’s Government, formed part; and that after a careful investigation and due deliberation, the said Committee, on the 18th July 1828, came to the following very just conclusions:
Firstly: That the embarrassments and discontents that had long prevailed in the Canadas had arisen from serious defects in the system of laws and the constitutions established in those colonies.
Secondly: That these embarrassments were in a great measure attributed to the manner in which the existing system had been administered.
Thirdly: That they had a complete conviction that neither the suggestions which they had made, nor any other improvements in the laws and constitutions of the Canadas, will be attended with the desired effect, unless an impartial, conciliating and constitutional system of government were observed in these loyal and important colonies.
8. Resolved, That since the period aftersaid, the constitution of this province, with its serious defects, had continued to be administered in a manner calculated to multiply the embarrassments and discontents which have long prevailed; and that the recommendations of the committee of the House of Commons have not been followed by effective measures of a nature to produce the desired effect.
9. Resolved, That the most serious defect in the Constitutional Act, its radical fault, the most active principle of evil and discontent in the province; the most powerful and most frequent cause of abuses of power; of the infraction of the laws; of the waste of the public revenue and property, accompanied by impunity to the governing party, and the oppression and consequent resentment of the governed, is that injudicious enactment, the fatal results of which were foretold by the Honourable Charles James Fox at the time of its adoption, which invests the Crown with that exorbitant power (incompatible with any government duly balanced, and founded on law and justice, and not on force and coercion) of selecting and composing without any rule or limitation, or any predetermined qualification, an entire branch of the legislature, supposed from the nature of it attributions to be independent, but inevitably the servile tool of the authority which creates, composes and decomposes it, and can on any day modify it to suit the interests or the passions of the moment.
10. Resolved, That with the possession of a power so unlimited, the abuse of it is inseparably connected; and that it has always been so exercised in the selection of the Members of the Legislative Council of this province, as to favour the spirit of monopoly and despotism in the executive, judicial and administrative departments of government, and never in favour of the public interest.