St George’s Day, Winnipeg, 1888

Manitoba Free Press, 24 April 1888, page 4

St George’s Day
Englishmen Celebrate it by a Dinner at Clougher’s Restaurant.

The Englishmen of the city celebrated St George’s Day yesterday by a dinner at Clougher’s restaurant in the evening at which about forty five sat down. Among those present were Capt WH Adams president of the society in the chair. President Strang of the St Andrew’s Society, JH Ashdown, W Battye, HM Breedon, CJ Brydges, A Burrows, J Butters, GF Chamberlin, JJ Dobson, GA Downard, EI Drewry MPP, F Drewry, H Ferguson, G Fould, E Hamler, J Hanby, WS Harrison, Hebb R Horrel, HW Knight, P Langlois, J Medland, JG Moore, G McAllister, Dr Orion, Rev JW Blade, A Pearson, Rev EWS Pentreath, H Powell, C Stewart, RG Lutes, AT Timewell, RH Tudor, Mr Chappell, FH Turnock, CO Wickenden, J Wolf, RW Woodroof, J Wrigley, G Swan, and FA Wade.
The chairman read letters from Hon Messrs Thos Greenway, IM Jones and JW Taylor regretting their inability to attend. He then proposed “the Queen.” He said that, vast as was the territorial extent of the realms over which the Queen ruled, the hearts over which she ruled extended over a vaster area. The toast was received with the hearty singing of the National Anthem.
“The Prince and Princess of Wales and the rest of the royal family,” was neatly proposed by Mr J Wrigley and also received with enthusiasm.
“The Army, Navy and Volunteers, was proposed by Capt Adams. Looking back over the record of British arms there was no reason to be ashamed of the record of either the land or sea forces. They could look back with pride on their achievement. The result on all occasions where they had been brought into conflict with other nations, had always been to the credit of the English nation. The speaker referred to the achievements of the volunteer forces in this country in 1883 in suppressing the rebellion.
Notwithstanding his blushes, Mr TA Wade was forced to get upon his feet and respond to this toast. Mr Wade held a distinguished position in the “Home Guard” and he eloquently dwelt on the achievements of it and other Winnipeg battalions who took part in the suppression of the late unpleasantness.
Mr James Butters, as an old soldier who had gone through the Indian mutiny and had worn the uniform of the British soldier, also responded.
“The Clergy and Ministers of all Denominations” was proposed by Mr CJ Brydges, who said they were very much pleased having present with them their respected chaplain, Rev Mr Pentreath; – (applause) – and it considerably enhanced their pleasure to know that they would not lose them. (Renewed Applause). He hoped it would be a long time before they would have to part company with him. He also referred to the presence of the Rev Messrs Tudor and Page.
Mr Pentreath spoke of the good that the society did and expressed his regret that it was not given a more hearty support by the Englishmen of the city. Mr Tudor and Mr Page also expressed the pleasure it gave them to be present at the re-union of Englishmen.
“Our Native Land and the day we honor” was proposed by Capt Adams. Pride was inherent in the human race in all matters, but the pride of birth, the pride of nationality transcends all. As Englishmen that inherit that pride as much as any other nation, and here on St George’s Day they were present trying to celebrate the patron saint of England.
Mr E Hamber sang “Rolling Home to Dear Old England.”
Mr Jos Wolf proposed, “The Sister Societies.” He referred to the labors of the sister society in highly complimentary terms, speaking specially of the noble work done by St Andrew’s Society. The name of Mr Robert Strang, president of St Andrew’s Society, was coupled with the toast and he responded.
Mr JG Moore proposed “The Land We Live in” in very felicitous terms and it was neatly replied to by Mr Drewry.
Mr GH Downward sang “The Soldier’s Dream of Home.”
The ladies were championed by JJ Dobson, and the health of the president, Capt Adams was then proposed by Mr Ashdown, and enthusiastically toasted eliciting from him an eloquent reply.
The meeting broke up about midnight, a very enjoyable evening having been spent.

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When the Parents of the Bride are Divorced, Emily Post, 1922/37

Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage by Emily Post, New York and London, Funk & Wagnalls Co, 1922/37.

When Parents of Bride are Divorced
Threatening to spread in an epidemic across the whole country from Hollywood (which is of course is given the discredit) to the outer circles of New York, there is at this moment a threatening wave of bad taste that reaches a climax in the invitation to a wedding sent out by divorced parents of the bride, together!
Mr and Mrs Oldhusband
Mr and Mrs Newhusband
Request the honor of your presence
At the marriage of
Mr Oldhusband’s and Mrs Newhusband’s daughter
Mary, etc
Anything more affronting to common decency than this, defies imagination. Even supposing the bride also to have been divorced, and supposing that the invitation to the wedding breakfast be sent out in the name of her own ex-husband, this completion of bad taste from every angle would add but little to the initial offense.
If we suppose, however, that the bride is a young woman who, like the majority of the children of the divorced, takes her own marriage with intense seriousness, the invitations to her wedding (quite apart from taste and propriety) are not very auspicious. We may know that her parents have been divorced and remarried, but to have our attention called to their shattered and rehashed pledges on the same sheet of paper that calls upon us to witness the solemn taking of these same breakable pledges by their daughter, would not seem to be giving the latter’s marriage a fair chance at the start.

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Dressing your husband and children, Emily Post, 1922/37

Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage by Emily Post, New York and London, Funk & Wagnalls Co, 1922/37.

Clothes of children need no comment because children should be allowed to dress like their friends. Nothing makes even a young child, especially a boy, more self-conscious than to look “strange” to the children he plays with.
Long curls that used to so mortify the small boys of long ago are happily past, but the mother who loves to beribbon and lace-trim her daughter like a doll and dress her son in picture clothes when all the friends wear gingham jumpers or jerseys and “reefers” is not making her darlings look beautiful, but ridiculous.

Another cause for the general dejection of the far-too-typical American man’s clothes is the all-too-typical wife who lets her husband look like a tramp. We can all name women who are themselves walking advertisements of the “beauty specialist,” the hair dresser, the manicurist, and whose clothes bear every evidence of unceasing attention as well as frequent bandboxes from the dressmaker’s or the milliner’s, but whose husbands’ clothes loudly bewail the fact that cleaning fluid, pressing iron and mending basket have never been within aid-giving distance.

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Ballroom Etiquette, Emily Post, 1922/37

Etiquette: The Blue Book of Social Usage by Emily Post, New York and London, Funk & Wagnalls Co, 1922/37.


Ballroom Etiquette

A ballroom is still the one background against which men as well as women of good breeding must behave with almost exaggerated formal decorum. Ladies do not and women must not sit with crossed knees. A lady must not loll back against her chair. Properly she doesn’t even lean back against it at all. Neither a man nor a woman can smoke in a ballroom without destroying the distinction of the whole assemblage.
But even so, an onlooker at any modern ball is apt to be impressed with the utter gracelessness of the young people who walk across a ballroom floor. The athletic young woman of today strides across the ballroom floor as though she were on the golf course; the happy-go-lucky one ambles- shoulders stooped, arms swinging, hips and head in advance of chest; others trot, others shuffle, others make a rush for it. The young girl who can walk across a room with grace is rare.

Older gentlemen still give their arms to older ladies in all ‘promenading’ at a ball, since the customs of a lifetime are not broken by one short and modern generation. Those of today walk side by side, except when going to supper. At public balls, when there is a grand march, the lady always takes her partner’s right arm.


A Public ball is a ball given for a benefit or charity. A committee makes the arrangements and tickets are sold to the public, either at hotels or at the house of the secretary of the committee. A young girl of social position does not go to a public ball without a chaperon. To go alone in the company of one or more ‘escorts’ would be an unheard of breach of propriety.


Don’t walk across a ballroom floor swinging your arms. Don’t talk or laugh loud enough to attract attention, and on no account force yourself to laugh. Nothing is flatter than laughter that is lacking in mirth. If you only laugh because something is irresistibly funny, the chances are your laugh will be irresistible too. In the same way a smile should be spontaneous, because you feel happy, and pleasant; nothing has less allure than a mechanical grimace, as though you were trying to imitate a tooth-paste advertisement.

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A Guide to Academic & Professional Conferences (or how not to be killed or ridiculed by your colleagues), 2014

A Guide to Academic and Professional Conferences
(Or how not to be killed or ridiculed by your colleagues)

by Gillian Leitch (with Sherry Ginn)

I have attended and organized a number of academic and professional conferences and have noticed that there are a lot of people who propose and go to these events who really don’t know how to navigate the norms and conventions of them. I know that, whereas many universities expect their faculty and graduate students to attend these events for professional development and the dissemination of knowledge, they don’t actually help them understand how to propose or present. So I have decided to share my personal wisdom on conferences in hopes that those attending get the most out of their experience, and that the conference itself works out.

Why go to a Conference?
Conferences are great. I will tell you that I absolutely love going to conferences, and presenting at conferences, and yeah, organising them. They are a brilliant opportunity to meet new and interesting people, develop professional networks, disseminate my ideas, and hopefully get the much needed input to make my work better. I also find that the more I present, the more my confidence grows in my subject and my skills. It is a win-win.

Making a Proposal
The first step for a conference is, of course, making a proposal. I have yet to figure out the optimum way to write a proposal, but there are some important points to keep in mind:
- Keep it simple – explain your thesis in clear and concise terms
- Don’t write too much – if you are not able to speak about some of your work within the time period allotted for the presentation, don’t include it in the proposal
- Read the Call for Papers/Proposals carefully before submitting
- Follow the instructions carefully
- Be pretty sure you can actually attend the conference to which you are submitting a proposal – check the dates and verify that you can get time-off, subs to cover your classes, etc.
- Conference organisers provide their email addresses for a reason – if you have a question, ask it
- It is better to submit before the day of the deadline – put yourself in the shoes of the organiser and ask how you would feel receiving a slew of papers on one day
- Make sure your name and address are on your proposal itself, not just the accompanying email – yes people really do forget to put their names on their proposals!

I will be the first to admit that a great proposal is not a guarantee of a great presentation, but it is the only way available to ascertain if it fits in within the conference theme. A good proposal is a great start.

Before the Conference
I think one of the most frustrating things I have to deal with as a conference organiser is the cancellation. Life happens, and we all get that, but for some reason presenters find it remarkably difficult to cancel their appearance. I think many presenters forget that they are not the only ones presenting. If you are unable to present, then you have to think about the people who are presenting with you. The sooner the organiser knows about the cancellation, the easier it is to adapt the schedule.

A lot of the time I get presenters contacting me about the time of their proposal in the schedule. It all depends on the size of the conference, the venue, among other factors which determine how much flexibility organisers have. In general, there is little flexibility. If there are mitigating factors for the presenter, such as religious or medical reasons for the inability to present on the time assigned, then the presenter should as quickly as possible state their problem and hope that it can be resolved. But, in general, I would say to those planning to present at a conference, plan to attend the whole conference, and don’t expect any changes. Even the conference organiser does not get to pick the time of his or her presentation.

What happens if you cannot go, and you don’t tell the organisers? One year at PCA, an entire panel who failed to show up. This group had asked specifically for this panel to be organised, and concessions had been made for their appearance. No one showed up. There were no emails or phone calls to the Area Chair, who tried contacting them to find out what happened. No responses were received. So who does that hurt? Well first off, the conference, as people came to the presentation to listen. The room had been booked. But, most of all, the presenters. It is the presenter (s) who are hurt by this. Understand that organisers have long memories – they remember when they are put in a bad position, probably longer than if it was an awesome presentation. Every year, at this conference, we talk about the people who failed to show. Trust me, there is a list, not always official, but it is there. Don’t be surprised if one day the list is published on the organization’s webpage.

Communicating with the Organisers
So far I have dwelled on timeliness in contacting conference organisers, but how you approach them is also important. Conferences are an opportunity to demonstrate your professional qualities to your peers and colleagues. Letters written in a condescending manner, with spelling mistakes, with not enough information, with unreasonable demands, do not go over well. If you wouldn’t like getting that letter sent to you, then it is a probably true that the conference committee would not like it either.

Writing your Presentation
So now you have to write your presentation. What do you say? Unless you are given a great amount of time as a special speaker, most presentations at conferences are 15-20 minutes long. That is not a lot of time to encapsulate your ideas. Pare down the argument to the essentials. What is the most important idea that you want the audience to take away from your work? Why is it important? What is your thesis?

After a few pages of writing I suggest you stop for a moment, and read them aloud, and time them. Once you have figured out how much text equals how much time, you can then judge how much more to say and perhaps what to cut out. Remember there is always the “questions” part of the session; you can add more information for the benefit of the audience.

Don’t write more than you have time for. If you have an extra five minutes of text you will find that either you will rush to try and squeeze it all in, or be stopped mid-sentence and the important statement is never said.

Power Point
Most people now use power point in their presentations. It is both a benefit and a curse. I still have nightmares from the one historical presentation I saw where the presenter used a “follow the dot as I am speaking” option on his power point as if it was a sing-a-long. Oh wow, that was an epic fail! Then there are the presentations I have seen where the image changes practically every second as the speaker scrolls through his document in a bid to show everything.

Even if your topic is very visual allow for enough time in your presentation so that the audience can see the images. Try not to be too fancy – simple is always better. I usually plan for a maximum of 15 pages including the title page for a 15 minute talk. The general rule of thumb is thus 1 page per minute.

Don’t put your script up in the presentation page, you will find that the audience will try to read it, and won’t be listening to you. Bullet points are more than enough. Images should be relevant to the presentation. Be careful of the size of the image – if it is too small and cannot be blown up clearly, then ditch it.

Always find out ahead of time what technology is provided and what you have to bring with you. A lot of venues do provide the projectors, but not always the computers, or the cords to attach these things together. I have found that often this is a problem for those with Apple computers; the venues rarely have the right connectors. Bring it with you.

Things happen at conferences – and technology often fails. Make sure that you can present your paper without the power point, just in case the computer dies or explodes, or transports to another dimension. Always print off a paper copy. Also bring cords, usb keys, etc., even when they are not required. Always be ready for something to go wrong. If you are ready for the worst, you cope a lot better, and often it means the worst won’t happen.

The Presentation
At the conference make sure that you are at the room on time, if not early. Set up your presentation on the computer, or whatever technology is required, ahead of time. Make your acquaintance with your co-panellists. This is a great way to meet people who are working in the same field as you.

Breathe. Don’t forget to breathe when you present. I often print my speech in such a way that I have to change pages or cards fairly often, and I use this time to look up, breathe, before I continue on with the presentation.
Often at conferences the chair is charged with enforcing the time limit. They are the bosses, so keep an eye on the chair or the timekeeper, and make sure you are aware of them during the presentation. And when they call time, acknowledge it, and finish your sentence.

Should you read your presentation? Most people do, but it is a matter of how you read it. I have seen some who take their paper in front of them, lower their heads and then read it all. They don’t look up, they don’t interact with the audience, and they go into the zone. It is better to try and read it with an eye to the crowd, to be a part of the whole. The audience relates better to a person who is trying to relate to them. And, it is really easy to learn to do this if you practice. Not enough can be said about that: practice, practice, practice. Your audience will thank you for it (trust me on this one).

Question Time


This is the opportunity for your work to be discussed, and a great way to see how well you have transmitted your thesis. Unfortunately, the question time can also be a time of great awkward silences, or questions to only one panellist. And there are the odd questions, which have nothing to do with any of the presentations.
Grace is the key – accept it all in with grace. If you don’t get any questions about your presentation, and the chair is unable to scurry something up to ask to fill in the gap, don’t take it personally. While sometimes a lack of questions could be because your presentation stunk, most often it is because the audience is there for another panellist, or a specific topic and they only want to know more about that. That does not mean that you cannot ask questions of your fellow panelists and get a good discussion going (in which you might be able to bring the topic around to your presentation. After all, the presentations are grouped because the organiser recognized something in the papers that seemed “to fit together”).

When you get a question, try and answer it as succinctly as possible and only answer the question posed. If you cannot answer the question, then be honest, and say you cannot, but try and relate it back to what you are speaking about.

When you are asking questions, also try and keep it short. There are probably a number of people who also want to speak, so it is a great courtesy. It will also keep the conversation more lively. If you have more to say to the presenter, then approach them after the panel and talk, or if they appear to be very busy, hand them a business card and ask them to contact you. A short note on the business card about the specific topic would be useful, as business cards are passed around fast and furiously, and when people get home they often forget who the person was or why they got their card.

What about after the presentation (or before)
If you are attending a conference because you love the topic, have just started your education in the topic, want to learn about the topic, etc., then make yourself available. Try to attend other presentations in the area and meet the people. Meet the Area Chairs. If there are social events, go to them. It is difficult to do that for some people, but if you make the effort just once, it will be so much easier in the future. Who knows? You might just end up as an organiser one day!

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Quebec Elections- Gatineau, 2014

Dr Aubé,

Your Facebook Ad asked if I agreed with the PLQ candidate who thought it was alright for public servants to wear the Hijab. Wow, all I knew about your views in the election before this was that you were PQ, you wore in a tie for your poster, and that you are a doctor in the Hull Hospital from your flyer- with the tie picture. You haven’t come around my neighbourhood, you haven’t made any other effort. I must say I was surprised. I had resigned myself to another election where all the candidates sat on their tushes.

So, to answer your question more directly- I don’t care what the people who serve me wear when they are doing their job. In a free and democratic society it doesn’t matter what a person chooses to wear, regardless of the reasoning behind their choice. Religion, taste, mood, it is irrelevant. As to the secularity of the state, well sure, the state is secular, but that doesn’t mean that its citizens have to be.

The Charter of Values is an exercise in symbolism, which ultimately is discriminatory and divisive. I would think that you had better things to think about in relation to Quebec’s future such as the economy, health care and education.

But then in this election, as with others, the candidates seem to dwell on the stupid, the messy and the unimportant, and do so from a safe distance from the people they are asking to vote for them.


Dr Aubé,

Votre publicité dans Facebook à me demander si j’étais d’accord avec la candidate du PLQ qui supporter le fait des servants publics peut porter le Hijab. Wow, avant ceci, tout que je connaissais de tes positions dans l’élection était que vous été PQ, vous porter un cravate dans ton poster, et que vous été un docteur dans l’hôpital de Hull dans ton feuille- avec la photo en cravate. Vous n’a pas visiter ma quartier, vous n’a pas fait un grand effort. Je dois te dire que j’étais surpris. J’étais résigné d’une autre élection ou tous les candidats son assis sur leurs fesses.

Donc, pour répondre à votre question dans une façon plus directe- Je ne me trouble pas sur quoi les personnes portes quand ils me servent dans le cadre de leur emploi. Dans une société ouvert et démocratique les personnes peut porter n’importe quoi, malgré les raisons derrière leur choix. Religion, gout, humeur, c’est immatériel. Surement l’état est séculaire, mais les citoyens ne sont pas obligés.

Le Chartre des Valeurs est un exercice en symbolisme, qui est ultimement discriminatoire et divise l’opinion. Je pense qu’il a des autres choses plus importantes à penser dessous en relation de la future de Québec comme l’économie, sante et éducation.

Mais dans cette élection, comme les autres, les candidats on un tendance de parler de la stupidité, le salle, et négligeable, et de le faire d’un distance de les personnes qu’il voit il demande.

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The Universal Remedy: Radway’s Ready Relief, Ottawa, 1866

Ottawa Citizen, 28 December 1866, page 3

The Universal Remedy
Radway’s Ready Relief!!!

Cures Pain Instantly!
And is a positive preventative of Asiatic Cholera, Yellow Fever, Small-pox and other pestilences!

Its properties
As an anti-septic, disinfectant, anti-spasmodic, counter-irritant, diffusive stimulant, rubefacient,nervine, anodyne, sudorific, febrifuge.
It has no equal in the material medica.

In sudden attacks
Of diarrhoea , dysentery, cholera morbus, inflammation of the bowels, cholic, cramps, spasms, vomiting, sick headache, cold chills, fever and ague, sore throat, coughs, colds, influences, neuralgia & c – one teaspoonful in a glass of water will correct all derangements of the stomach, bowels and liver, and instantly stop the most severe pains.

If seized with rheumatism
Gout, lumbago, sciaties, pain in the side or back, limbs or joints, spine or muscles, toothaches, strains, sprains & c- One application will afford immediate ease and comfort, and a few times rubbing will complete the cure.

Instant help needed
In violet diseases, instant relief is required. Asiatic Cholera, inflammation of the bowels, cholic, fits, ship fever, croup, diphtheria may prove fatal within an hour or two, if not checked by a powerful antidote like Radway’s Ready Relief and all sense and inflammatory maladies, whether rheumatism, neuralgia, inflammation of the kidneys, bladder, urinal difficulties, inflammation of the womb, and in fact, all diseases fraught with immediate danger, yield at once to this commanding curative.
The Ready Relief is as sudden in its operation as the malady itself. It is more[illegible] the virus of the most swift and deadly epidemic. With this Remedy at hand to use [illegible] point of pain and uneasiness, no person need suffer an hour sickness.

Sisters of Mercy at Dorchester Street Hospital, applying Dr Radway’s Remedies to the sick.
Sisters of Mercy
Dorchester Street, Montreal CE Hospital of the Sisters of Mercy
Dr Radway – I certify that your Ready Relief has cured over one hundred of our sick from chills, vomiting, headaches, internal pains, &c, &c.
One of our sisters had the rheumatism in her head for a great many years – having taken a few spoonfuls of Relief in water, and rubbing her head twice with the same medicine, she was perfectly cured and never felt it since. I always use it for dyspepsia and for colds, and always with success. It is very useful for sore throats, coughs, influenza, diphtheria, &c. It has a good effect in flatulence or wind cholic. I use it for foul breath, and it produces a marvellous effect. In short it procures relief altogether remarkable to our invalids.
Sister Mary de Bonsecours

NB- Beware of counterfeits and imitations, have nothing to do with the dealer that will endeavour to persuade you to take some other in place of the Radway’s—the Country is flooded with counterfeits and imitations of Radway’s Ready Relief. Dealers purchase these worthless mixtures at less than half the price they are charged for Radway’s, yet charge the public the same price our agents sell you Radway’s for. (price 25 cents per bottle) The imitations and counterfeits are sold at 5 to 10 cents per bottle to dealers; dear at that price. In purchasing Ready Relief, see that there are two signatures of Radway & Co on the labels, and the words RRR Radway & Co blown in the glass. A man will sell you a false medicine will cheat you whenever he has an opportunity.

Certificates of startling cures of the most violent and deadly diseases are on record at Dr Radway’s Offices in the cities of New York and Montreal, emanating from the highest authorities in the world. There is not a town or city of importance (except a few in China) on the globe that Radway’s Medicines have cured the sick when all other remedial [illegible] failed, and is vouched for by High dignitaries in Church and state, both by letters written direct to the Radway, and through the [illegible] Ministers and Consuls abroad.

Sold by Druggists and Country Merchants
John Radway, MD & Co
[illegible] Peel street, Montreal
[illegible] New York
Agents- G Mortimer, Ottawa; GB Eddy, Hull; W Allen, Aylmer; W Craig, Bristol; [illegible] Shaw, Clarendon; and WA McLean, Portage du Fort.


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